Battle of Britain day by day

Saturday 28th September 1940

The Germans launched three major raids during the day and more significant attacks during the night. During the morning, up to 150 Luftwaffe aircraft aimed to attack London but were largely broken up with a small percentage dropping bombs on Poplar, Deptford and Woolwich. The second wave came in the early afternoon but was driven back with some bombs exploding in Hastings. The final attack came at 14.20 directed at Portsmouth and Southampton but again it was diffused before reaching the intended targets. The evening saw some light bombing of Ramsgate, Folkestone and Eastbourne. During the night, bombing concentrated on the aircraft factories at Weybridge, Isleworth, Ealing, Willesden, Acton, Chiswick, Southall, Croydon, Stepney and Poplar. The Friern Hospital in New Southgate was bombed with 24 killed and 7 injured. The Luftwaffe lost 10 aircraft and 1 damaged. Civilian casualties amounted to 72 killed and 160 injured.

Bf 109E-1 (6273) of 3/JG26 was shot by Pilot Officer J.S. Morton of 603 Squadron and Pilot Officer C.F. Currant of 605 Squadron during combat over Hythe at 10.45. The aircraft crashed into the Sea off Dover. Fw F. Schur was killed and his body was washed ashore at Sheerness on 27 October 1940.

Ju 88A-1 (4071) 5J+GS of 8/KG4 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire at 10.00 whilst on a mission to bomb London. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Beachy Head. Gefr F. Marschardt baled out and rescued, Oberfw H. Camp was killed with his body recovered from the Sea and buried in Felixstowe New Cemetery, Lt F. Lange and Obergefr A. Kieg were both missing believed killed.

Friday 27th September 1940

German attacks focused on London, South East and Bristol during the day.

From 09.00, 180 Luftwaffe aircraft in six waves approached between Folkestone and Dover with the attack largely broken up between Maidstone and Tunbridge. Maidstone sustained considerable damage to domestic houses, municipal buildings and the railway station, the local population suffered 18 fatalities and 80 injured.

Some 75 German aircraft around 11.00 crossed the coast near Swanage with the intention of bombing the Bristol Aeroplane Factory at Filton but were prevented by RAF fighters.

Shortly before midday the Dover balloon barrage was attacked by enemy fighters with no effect.

Some 300 Luftwaffe aircraft crossed the coast between Lympne and Dover with an attack directed on Chatham but was dispersed before that.

The last German attack of the day at 15.00 with the intention of bombing South London which consisted of 160 aircraft but was largely broken up between Dover and Brighton.

During the night, Luftwaffe concentrated on London between 19.40 and 0.600 the next day with heavy civilian casualties in St Pancras. Edinburgh, Liverpool, Birmingham and Nottingham received some bombing. Total civilian casualties amounted to 186 killed and 411 injured. German aircraft casualties consisted of 133 destroyed and 52 damaged.

Ju 88A-5 (393) 4U+RL of 3(F)/123 was shot down by Pilot Officer E.S. Marrs of 152 Squadron during combat at 09.40. Aircraft crashed into the sea off Porlock Bay, Oberlt W. Rude, Fw. H. Ackenhausen, Fw E. Riehle were all captured but Flgr W. Reuhl drowned in the aircraft and is buried in Porlock churchyard.

Bf 110D-3 (3378) S9+DA of ErproGr210 attacked by 504 Squadron and the final attack by Flight Lieutenant A. Rook during a dive bombing attack on Parnall Aircraft Factory at Yate, Bristol at 12.00. Aircraft crashed at Busseys Stool Farm, Cranbourne Chase, Hptmn M. Lutz and Uffz A. Schon were both killed.

Bf 110D-3 (3888) of 1/ErproGr210 S9+JH attacked by 504 Squadron and the final attack by Pilot Officer B.E.G. White during a dive bombing attack on Parnall Aircraft Factory at Yate, Bristol at 11.45. Aircraft crashed at Bradle Row, Kimmeridge, Wareham, Lt G. Schmidt and Fw G. Richter were both killed and buried at Brookwood Military Cemetery.

Bf 110D/0 (4270) of 2/ErproGr210 S9+DK attacked by 504 Squadron, shot down by Flight Lieutenant A. Rook and Pilot Officer M.H. Constable-Maxwell of 56 Squadron during a dive bombing attack on Parnall Aircraft Factory at Yate, Bristol at 12.00. Aircraft crashed at The Beeches, Preston Hill, Iwerne Minster, Fw F. Ebner and Gefr D. Zwick were both captured and wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (3217) of 9/JG3 shot down by Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 15.40. Aircraft crashed at Owens Court Farm, Gushmore, Selling, Uffz H. Struwe baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3369) of 5/JG27 11+- shot down by anti-aircraft fire during an escort mission over Lewes at 09.25. Aircraft crashed at Lower Mays Farm, Selmeston, Gefr H-D. John baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1447) of 6/JG27 5+- shot down by Sergeant J.H. Lacey of 501 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Hale Farm, Eccles, Aylesford, Uffz J. Scheidt was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3907) of II/JG52 8+- shot down by Pilot Officer W.B. Pattullo and Sergeant E. Tyrer of 46 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 13.00. Aircraft crashed at Broad Street, Hollingbourne, Oberlt C. Treiber was captured wounded.

Bf 109E-4 (5181) of 4/JG52 5+- shot down by Squadron Leader G.L. Denholm, Pilot Officer R. Berry and Flying Officer D.J.C. Pinckney of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 15.40. Aircraft crashed at Morrison House Farm, St Nicholas-at-Wade, Fw F. Bogasch was captured wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (3442) of 4/JG52 12+- shot down by Squadron Leader G.L. Denholm and Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 15.50. Aircraft crashed at Northbourne Park, Sandwich, Gefr E. Bosch was captured wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (6245) of 4/JG52 4+- shot down by 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 15.45. Aircraft crashed at Petham, Lt H. Geist baled out and captured wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (1538) of 8/JG54 shot down by Sergeant J.K. Norwell of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis of 249 Squadron during combat over Tilbury at 12.05. Aircraft crashed at Brenley House, High Boughton, Te, Fw H. Hoffmann baled out and captured wounded.

Bf 109E-4 (5181) of 4/JG52 5+- shot down by Squadron Leader G.L. Denholm, Pilot Officer R. Berry and Flying Officer D.J.C. Pinckney of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 15.40. Aircraft crashed at Morrison House Farm, St Nicholas-at-Wade, Fw F. Bogasch was captured wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (3442) of 4/JG52 12+- shot down by Squadron Leader G.L. Denholm and Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 15.50. Aircraft crashed at Northbourne Park, Sandwich, Gegr E. Bosch was captured wounded.

Bf 109E-1 (6245) of 4/JG52 4+- shot down by 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 15.45. Aircraft crashed at Petham, Lt H. Geist baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3431) of 5/JG52 3+- shot down by Pilot Officer R.G.A. Barclay of 249 Squadron during combat over Kent at 12.50. Aircraft crashed at Brick House Farm, High Halden, Tenterden, Fw H. Hoffmann baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1538) of 8/JG54 shot down by Sergeant J.K. Norwell of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis of 249 Squadron during combat over Tilbury at 12.05. Aircraft crashed at Brenley House, Boughton, Canterbury, Oberlt A. Schon was killed.

Ju 88 A-1 (8090) of 1/KG77 3Z+DH shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a bombing mission to London at 11.05. Aircraft crashed at Angas Home for Aged Seamen, see image below. Oberfw H. Muller, R. Muller and Uffz M. Kollmannsberger all baled out and captured but Gefr G. Zabel baled out but killed when his parachute failed to open.

Ju 88 A-1 (8095) of 2/KG77 3Z+HK shot down by Pilot Officer M. Feric of 303 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 9.30. Aircraft crashed at Folly Farm, South Holmwood, Dorking. Uffz R. Schumann, H-J. Tenbolt and A. Ackermann all baled out and captured but W. Menningmann killed and buried in Leatherhead Cemetery.

Ju 88 A-1 (2164) of 2/KG77 3Z+IK shot down by Sergeant C.F. Babbage of 602 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 9.40. Aircraft crashed in the Sea off Lydd. Uffz G. Schmidt and H. Sergocki were rescued but Flgr W. Krebs and Uffz W. Hertlein believed to have drowned in the aircraft..

Ju 88 A-1 (8109) of 3/KG77 3Z+BL shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab, Flying Officer D. de P. Brown, Pilot Officer B.E. Christmas of 1 (RCAF) Squadron and Pilot Officer J.E.L. Zumbach of 303 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 9.20. Aircraft crashed at North End Lodge, East Grinstead. Fw A. Brautigam baled out and admitted to Queen Victoria Hospital, Uffz H. Winkelmann baled out but died on the same day in Queen Victoria Hospital, Fw R. Precht but died when his parachute failed to open and Uffz H. Kasing died in the aircraft.

Ju 88 A-1 (5103) of 3/KG77 3Z+CL shot down by Flying Officer D. de P. Brown of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Hononton, Horsmonden. Uffz H. Damerius and Uffz F. Hastrich were both killed and buried in All Saints Churchyard, Brenchley, Uffz M. Merschen killed but body wasn’t recovered and Uffz R. Ludwig was captured wounded.

Ju 88 A-1 (8099) of 3/KG77 3Z+EL shot down by anti-aircraft fire, Sergeant C.A. Parsons of 66 Squadron and Sergeant H. Bowen-Morris of 92 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 15.40. Aircraft crashed at Graveney Marshes, Faversham. Uffz F. Ruhlandt, Uffz E. Richter and Gefr J. Reiner were all captured after initially resisting and attempting to destroy their aircraft.

Ju 88 A-5 (293) of 2/KG77 3Z+DC shot down by anti-aircraft fire and Sergeant H.J. Davidson of 249 Squadron and Pilot Officer D.B.H. McHardy of 229 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Vexour Farm, Penshurst. Fw A. Zeller and Uffz E. Brodbeck both baled out and captured but Fw H. Adler and Oberlt K-H. Lutze were both killed.

Ju 88 A-1 (4117) of 5/KG77 3Z+DN shot down by Flying Officer W. Urbanowicz of 303 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 16.00. Aircraft crashed in the Sea off St Leonards. Oberlt F. Ziel baled out but drowned with his body washing ashore at Hastings on 22 October 1940, Fw F. Niederer baled out but drowned with his body washing ashore near Battle on 21 October 1940, Gefr J. Feichtmayer rescued by the Hasting’s lifeboat ‘Cyril and Lilian Bishop and Uffz H. Isensee believed killed in the aircraft.

Ju 88 A-1 (7109) of 5/KG77 3Z+GN shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.A. Kent of 303 Squadron, Pilot Officers W.H. Millington and T.F. Neil of 249 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 16.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Beachy Head. Lt W. Pfluger, Uffz O. Gronke, Gefr F. Reinhardt were all missing believed killed and Gefr M. Zott was killed and his body was washed ashore at Crow Link Gap on 1 November 1940.

Ju 88 A-1 (7112) of 5/KG77 3Z+HN shot down by Flying Officer V.M. Bright of 229 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 16.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Bexhill. Hptm G. Zetsche, Fw W. Mahl, Gefr A. Burkhardt were all missing believed killed killed and Obergefr A. Kuhn was killed and his body washed ashore at Walton-on-the-Naze on 30 October 1940.

Ju 88 A-1 (4118) of 6/KG77 3Z+DP shot down by Sergeant H.J. Davidson of 249 Squadron during a bombing mission to London at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Chiddingstone. Oberlt E. Seif, Fw A. Eichinger, Uffz S. Gebhardt were all killed but Fw H. Zinsmeister baled out and captured wounded.

Ju 88 A-5 (3197) of 7/LG1 L1+DR shot down by Red Section of 79 Squadron consisting of Squadron Leader J.H. Heyworth, Pilot Officers R.W. Clarke and G.H. Nelson-Edwards during combat over St George’s Channel at 18.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off St David’s Head. Fw J. Krings, Uffz F. Wurm, Oberfhr H-G. Vanselow were all missing believed killed and Uffz R. Wachtler was killed and his body washed ashore at Cronellard, Courtown, County Wexford, Ireland on 20 October 1940 and buried there.

Ju 88 A-5 (4153) of 7/LG1 L1+BR shot down by Red Section of 79 Squadron consisting of Squadron Leader J.H. Heyworth, Pilot Officers R.W. Clarke and G.H. Nelson-Edwards during combat over St George’s Channel at 18.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off St David’s Head. Oberlt R. Strasser, Fw R. Sochtig, Uffz W. Forster were all missing believed killed and Gefr W. Lorenz was killed and his body washed ashore at Ardcavan, County Wexford, Ireland on 20 October 1940 and buried there.

Bf 110 C-2 (3560) of 5/LG1 L1+XB rammed by Flying Officer P.R-F. Burton of 249 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.50. Aircraft crashed at Simmons Field, Hamlins Mill, Hailsham, see image below. Hptmn H. Liensberger and Uffz A. Kopge were both killed.

Bf 110D (3333) of 13/LG1 L1+BH shot down by Sergeant E.W. Wright of 605 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.40. Aircraft into the Sea off Folkestone. Gefr H. Swietlik was missing believed killed and Gefr H. Welz was killed with his body washing ashore near Princes Golf Club, Sandwich on 25 October 1940 and buried at Manston Road Cemetery in Margate.
Bf 110 D/0 (3304) of 13/LG1 L1+CH shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab, Flying Officer B.D. Russell of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Pilot Officer C.F. Currant of 605 Squadron and Flight Lieutenants J.M. Strickland and J.E.J. Sing of 213 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.40. Aircraft crashed at The Gale, Chelwood Gate, Ashdown Forest. Fw A. Bruns was killed and buried at Danehill Cemetery and Gefr F. Grobl was also killed.

Bf 110 C-2 (3548) of 14/LG1 L1+CK shot down by Flying Officer A.F. Eckford of 253 Squadron and Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis of 249 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.50. Aircraft crashed at Coppice Farm, Three Cups, Dallington, Heathfield. Obergefr A. Hubner and Fw F. Lindemann were both killed.

Bf 110 D/0 (3147) of 15/LG1 L1+BL shot down by Flying Officer P.W. Lochnan of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Sergeant R.D. Hogg of 17 Squadron, Sergeant H.J.R. Barrow of 213 Squadron and Pilot Officer W.P. Hopkin of 602 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 10.00. Aircraft crashed at Gatwick Aerodrome. Oberlt U. Fr Von Grafenreuth and Fw O. Reinhold were both killed.

Bf 110 C-2 (3849) of 15/LG1 L1+GL shot down by Pilot Officer D.C. Leary of 17 Squadron, Flying Officer W. Urbanowicz of 303 Squadron, Squadron Leader H.A.V. Hogan of 501 Squadron, Flying Officer P.P.C. Barthropp of 602 Squadron and Pilot Officer W.B. Pattullo of 46 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.50. Aircraft crashed at Horham Manor Farm, Horham. Uffz H. Bechthold baled out and captured but Uffz H. Koch was killed.

Bf 110 C-2 (3533) of 15/LG1 L1+LL shot down by Sergeant G.A. Steward of 17 Squadron, Pilot Officer A.E. Johnson, Sergeant R.F. Sellers of 46 Squadron, Flying Officer J.F. Drummond of 92 Squadron, Pilot Officers K.T. Lofts, J.R.B. Meaker, Sergeant H.J. Davidson of 249 Squadron and Sergeant J. Budzinski of 605 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.45. Aircraft crashed at Socketts Manor, Oxted. Oberlt O. Weckeiser and Gefr H. Brusgow were both captured.

Bf 110 C-4 (2162) of 2/ZG26 U8+FK shot down by Flying Officer M.EA. Royce of 504 Squadron during combat over Bristol at 11.45. Aircraft exploded over the Stapleton Institution in Fishponds. Oberfw H. Tiepelt and Uffz H. Brosig were both killed and buried in Greenbank Cemetery.

Bf 110 C-4 (3352) of 3/ZG26 U8+GL shot down by Sergeant H.D.B. Jones of 504 Squadron and Flying Officer T.H.T. Forshaw of 609 Squadron during combat over Yate at 11.45. Aircraft crashed at Haydon Farm, Radstock. Lt J. Kopsell baled out and captured but Uffz J. Schmidt was killed when his parachute failed to open.

Bf 110 C-4 (3629) of 4/ZG26 3U+IM shot down by Pilot Officer M.E. Staples of 609 Squadron and Pilot Officer A.R. Watson of 152 Squadron during combat over Warmwell at 11.45. Aircraft exploded over Salters Wood, Middle Bere Wood Farm, Arne. Oberlt A. Niebuhr and Uffz K. Theisen were both killed and buried at St Mary’s Churchyard at Wareham.

Bf 110 C-4 (3290) of 8/ZG26 3U+DS shot down by Pilot Officer A.R. Watson of 152 Squadron during combat over Bristol at 11.45. Aircraft crashed at Kimmeridge, Wareham. Uffz F. Schupp and Gefr K. Nechwatal were both captured.

Bf 110 C-4 (3297) of 9/ZG26 3U+FT collided with Pilot Officer R.F.G. Miller of 609 Squadron during combat over Warmwell at 11.45. Aircraft exploded over Gefr E. Liedtke was killed and buried at Brookwood Cemetery and Gefr G. Jackstadt baled out and captured.

Bf 110 D-3 (4215) of ZG76 M8+XE shot down by Pilot Officer P.A. Worrall, Sergeant G.C.C. Palliser of 249 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant A.C. Rabagliati of 46 Squadron during combat over London at 10.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Hastings. Oberlt W. Von Eichborn rescued by a fishing boat and captured but Uffz E. Bartmuss was missing believed killed.

Thursday 26th September 1940

Luftwaffe attacks during the day centered on Skinningrove Ironworks, Whitby, Henlow Camp, Coventry, Southampton, Eastbourne, Hastings, Bexhill and shelling of Dover.

The attack on Southampton was of major importance – enemy formations totalled about 100 aircraft and the main objectives was the Supermarine Aviation Works. The factory sirens began just after 4pm and on this occasion, gave the workers ample time to evacuate. The raid was escorted by 60 Me 110 fighters of ZG26 which was protecting the 60 Heinkel 111s of KG55 which attacked in two waves along the North-South axis in block formation. Approximately 200 bombs or 70 tons was dropped but most of them due to the formation shape completely missed the intended targets, only 7 bombs hit the Woolston factory and one hit the Itchen works. Unfortunately, a large number of bombs hit residential areas and the factory shelters again causing significant number of casualties. Production is suspended at both works but the raid only destroyed 3 near complete Spitfires and 20 damaged but did end the development of R.J. Mitchell’s heavy bomber prototypes. ? Casualties: Southampton: 36 killed; 60 seriously injured.?

During the night, Liverpool’s Docks were bombed along with Merseyside, Nantwich, Slough, Guildford, Bournemouth and London. The attacks on the Capital included damage to the Houses of Parliament, India Office, Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield and the Docks. Total civilian casulaties were 9 killed and 24 injured. The Germans lost 9 aircraft and 6 damaged.

Bf 110C-4 (3028) U8+HH of 1/ZG26.? Hit by AA fire during bomber escort sortie over Southampton and port engine stopped.? Then attacked and further damaged by Pilot Officer J.R. Urwin-Mann of No 238 Squadron and starboard engine hit.? Made a high speed forced landing on Bleak Down Hill, Newport, Isle of Wight 4.30pm.? Fw H. Rohde captured wounded.? Fw. E. Feder captured unhurt.? Aircraft a write off.

7/ZG26

Bf 110C-4 (3094) 3U+AR of 7/ZG26.? Shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Wigglesworth of No 238 Squadron during escort sortie over Southampton.? Dived vertically into the ground at Tapnall Farm near Freshwater, Isle of Wight, 4.30pm.? Lt. K.A. Konopka and Uffz. R. Ekberg killed.? Aircraft a write off.? The rank of the gunner in this aircraft, Rudolf Ekberg, is shown as?’Lieutenant’ in the records of the Soldatenfriedhof, Cannock Chase.? Presumably he was promoted subsequent to his death.? Major recovery by Steve Vizard, John Ellis and Simon Parry in 1982.? Both Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines and engine badges recovered, together with undercarriage, 20mm cannon and parachute.? Propeller blade presented to the landowner.

He 111H (5314) G1+BL of 2/KG55.? Failed to return from bombing sortie over the south coast of England.? Shot down by fighters off the Isle of Wight.? Obit. Graf Schweinitz, Uffz. Widmann, Uffz. Schob, Gefr. Helfer and Gefr.?Wastian all missing.? Aircraft lost.

Henkel He 111P (3098) of 3/KG55.? Forced landed at Dreux following operational sortie over the Channel and attacked by fighters.? Oblt. Karbe and Lt. Wilser injured.? Aircraft 40% damaged.

Bf 110C-4 (3028) U8+HH of 1/ZG26.? Shot down by AA fire and fighters during escort sortie over Southampton.? Forced landed on Bleak Down, Newport, Isle of Wight, 4.30pm Fw. Rohde and Fw. Feder captured.? Aircraft a write off.

Bf 110C-4 (3094) 3U+AR of 7/ZG26.? Crashed on Tapnall Farm, near Freshwater, Isle of Wight 4.30pm, following fighter attack, Lt Konopka and Uffz. Eiberg both killed.? Aircraft 3U+AR a write off.

152 Squadron, RAF Warmwell

Spitfire K9982.? Crashed into the Channel twelve miles south of the Needles following combat with Bf 109s 4.40pm.? Flying Officer E.C. Deanesley baled out wounded and rescued by RN launch landing at Swanage.? Aircraft lost.

Spitfire K9882.? Shot down by Bf 109s in combat over the Channel off Swanage 4.50pm.? Crashed into the sea.? Sergeant J.M. Christie picked up dead.? Aircraft lost.

229 Squadron, RAF Northolt

Hurricane V6745.? Forced landed at Hambledon after combat with Bf 110s over Southampton 4.30pm.? Sergeant S.W. Merryweather wounded and slightly burned.? Aircraft RE-Y a write off.

238 Squadron, RAF Middle Wallop

Hurricane P2983.? Forced landed at Lee-on-Solent following combat with Bf 110s over the Isle of Wight 4.30pm.? Squadron Leader H. Fenton unhurt.? Aircraft repairable.

Hurricane P3464.? Returned to base damaged in combat with Bf 110 over the Isle of Wight 4.30pm. Sergeant J.V. Kucera believed unhurt.? Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane P3098.? Shot down in combat with Bf 110s over the Solent 4.30pm.? Presumed crashed in the sea.? Sergeant V. Horsky missing.? Aircraft lost.

Hurricane P3830.? Shot down by Bf 110 in combat over the Isle of Wight west of Newport 4.35pm.? Pilot Officer R.A. Kings baled out unhurt.? Aircraft a write off

Hurricane L1998.? Returned to base severely damaged in combat with Bf 110s over the Isle of Wight 4.35pm.? Sergeant J. Jeka unhurt.? Aircraft damaged but repairable.

303 Squadron, RAF Northolt

Hurricane V6673.? Force landed at Biggin Hill damaged in action over Southampton 4.30pm. Sergeant M. Belch unhurt.? Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane V7465.? Returned to base minus port wing tip following combat over Southampton 4.30pm.? Flight Lieutenant A.S. Forbes unhurt.? Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane P3544.? Damaged in combat over Southampton.? Force landed between Charity and Wyton Farms near Fareham 5.45pm.? Flying Officer W. Januszewicz unhurt.? Aircraft RF-H damaged but repairable.

602 Squadron, RAF Westhampnett

Spitfire X4411.? Returned to base with radiator damage following attack on He 111 over the Solent 4.40pm. Pilot Officer A.L. Edi unhurt.? Aircraft repairable.

607 Squadron

Hurricane P5205.? Shot down in engagement with enemy aircraft over the Isle of Wight 4.20pm.? Flight Lieutenant C.E. Bowen baled out unhurt over Kaylthorpe.? Aircraft a write off.

609 Squadron

Spitfire N3288.? Mainspar severely damaged by return fire from He 111 engaged over Christchurch 4.35pm.? Returned to base.? Pilot Officer A.K. Oglvie unhurt.? Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Spitfire R6979.? Returned to base starboard wing and ailerons damaged by 20mm cannon fire during combat over Christchurch 4.40pm.? Squadron Leader H.S. Darley unhurt. Aircraft repairable.

Wednesday 25th September 1940

Bristol Aeroplane Company factory at Filton was heavily attacked by the Luftwaffe at midday with severe damage to aircraft production and 60 workers killed and 150 injured. Part of this mission broke away to bomb the Portland oil tanks. Later in the afternoon they attacked Plymouth. During the night, bombing raids were made on London, South Wales, Derby, Midlands, West Country, Lincolnshire, Humberside and South West. Civilian casualties amounted to 144 killed and 618 injured. The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 6 damaged.

He 111H (6305) G1+BH of 1/KG55 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Wigglesworth of 238 Squadron and Pilot Officer J. Curchin of 609 Squadron after bombing Filton at 12.00. Aircraft force landed at Westfield Farm, Studland, Swanage, see image below of wreckage with soldiers in front. Hptmn K. Kothke, Gefr R. Weissbach, Fw F. Jurges and Flgr O. Muller were all captured but Uffz J. Altrichter died of his wounds.

He 111P (2126) G1+DN of 5/KG55 shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst on a mission to bomb Filton at 11.50. Aircraft crashed at Portbury Racecourse Farm, Oberlt G. Weigel, Oberfw A. Narres, Gefr K. Geib, Fw K. Gersmeier and Fw G. Engel all baled out and captured.

He 111P (1525) G1+EP of 6/KG55 was shot down by Flying Officer I.N. Bayles and Sergeant K.C. Holland of 152 Squadron and Pilot Officer J.R. Urwin-Mann and Sergeant R. Little of 238 Squadron after bombing Filton at 12.02. Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Woolverton, Frome, Oberfw G. Wittkamp, Oberfw R. Kirchhoff, Uffz H. Merz and Gefr R. Beck were all killed but Hptmn H. Brandt baled out and captured.

He 111H (2803) G1+LR of 7/KG55 shot down by Pilot Officers N. leC. Agazarian of 609 Squadron, J.R. Urwin-Mann of 238 Squadron and R.F.G. Miller of 609 Squadron whilst bombing Filton at 12.08. Aircraft crashed at Chatsworth, Westminster Road, Branksome Park. Uffz K. Schraps baled out and captured but Oberlt H-H. Scholtz, Uffz J. Hanft, Uffz G. Weidner and Oberlt H. Brocker were all killed.

Do 18 (393) M2+EK of 2/106 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Russell, Sergeants D.E. Pearson and J.E. Goldsmith of 236 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over St George’s Channel at 16.15. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Ushant, Oberlt J. Heuveldop, Fw E. Brasch and Uffz W. Kahlfeld were all missing believed killed and Oberlt zur See H.D. Stelle’s body was washed asore at Church Cove, Lizard Rock on 26 October 1940.

Bf 110C (2185) L2+ER of 7(F)/LG2 shot down by Pilot Officer J.M.F. Dewar of 229 Squadron whilst on a reconnissance mission to London at 11.40. Aircraft crashed at Beeneys Lane, Beaulieu Farm, Baldslow, Hastings. Oberlt E. Weyergang was killed and Fw. G. Nelson died of his wounds, both buried in Hastings Cemetery.

Bf 110C-4 (3591) 3U+GS of 8/ZG26 was shot down by Pilot Officers W.D. Williams of 152 Squadron and H.C. Mayers of 601 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Filton at 12.15. Aircraft crashed at Well Bottom, Boyton, Fw W. Scherer was captured and admitted to Warminster Hospital but Gefr H. Schumacher was killed.

Tuesday 24th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched two major raids in the morning focusing on towns in Kent. In the afternoon smaller raids concentrated on Southampton and the Sussex coast.

The Supermarine Aviation Works at Southampton were attacked by 17 aircraft at 13.50 and again by 3 aircraft at 16.15.? The first raid was led by Martin Lutz of TG210 and achieved a surprise attack with the workforce of Supermarines receiving little warning of the raid. The factory sites weren’t damaged but the bombs straddled the railway embankment and crucially the air raid shelters just as the workers were arriving. A shelter was hit (24 killed, 75 injured) but the works were only slightly damaged, and the effect on production would be small.? Some damage to railway lines and private property, and numerous small fires were caused.? Total casualties in the two raids – 33 dead, 69 seriously injured and 120 slightly. The uninjured workers had to dig out people who had been buried as a result of the bombing and administer first aid as best they could. Female ambulance drivers then ferried the injured to the Royal South Hants Hospital showing great courage as they had to drive through the second raid later in the afternoon. Martin Lutz was awarded the Knight’s Cross for this raid but his luck ran out three days later when he was shot down during a raid on the Bristol Aeroplane Factory.

During the night, London was heavily attacked by over 100 aircraft with more minor attacks on Liverpool, Wales and South East England. Civilian casualties amounted to 113 killed and 555 injured. The Germans lost 11 aircraft and 13 damaged.

He 111H-3 (3322) 1H+GP of 6/KG26 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst on a mission to bomb Beckton Gas Works at 01.37. Aircraft crashed at Gordon Boys Home, West End, Chobham (see image below of wreckage), Uffz K. Niemeyer, Gefr H. Leibnitz, Gefr S. Wenlich and Gefr W. Jenreck all baled out and captured.

Erprobungs Gruppe 210, Messerschmitt Bf 110D/0 (3384).? Shot down by anti-aircraft fire during sortie over the English coast and crashed in the sea off Southampton Water.? Lt von der Horst and Obergefr. Ollers both missing.? Aircraft S9+HH lost.

II/ZG76, Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (2159).? Returned to base damaged by AA fire during sortie over Southampton.? Lt Calame wounded.? Aircraft 10% damaged. See image below of damage caused to the trailing edge of the wing.

Messerschmitt Bf 110C-2 (2638).? Damaged by AA fire during sortie over Southampton and returned to base with one NCO wounded.? Aircraft 10% damaged.

III/ZG76, Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (3534).? Crashed in the Channel off Southampton due to flak damage.? Uffz. Hedwig and Uffz.? Mirow both missing.? Aircraft 2N+DN lost.

Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (3251).? Hit by AA fire during sortie over the Channel off Southampton and crashed in sea.? Both NCOs rescued from sea unhurt by Seenotdienst. Aircraft lost.

Monday 23rd September 1940

Luftwaffe launched a number of attacks on London that were largely repulsed but there were isolated raids on Hastings, Bexhill, Eastbourne and Seaford. During the night, London was more heavily attacked with disruption to railway communications, roads blocked, two main sewers blocked, direct hits on public shelters in East Ham and Clarnico’s Factory in Poplar, electricity black out due to the severing of Wimbledon-Battersea cable. Bombing also involved Liverpool, East Anglia and the South East with around 100 houses damaged in Bury St Edmunds. Total civilian casulaties amounted to 130 killed and 414 injured. The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 4 damaged. Bomber Command launched 119 aircraft on a raid on Berlin in response to the attacks on London. See image below of a German reconnissance photograph of Bristol taken on this day with the Filton Aircraft Factory at the bottom centre.

Ju 88A-1 (0130) 4U+CL of 3(F)/123 crashed into the Sea during a reconnissance mission. Lt K. Keller and Obergefr E. Euler were both missing believed killed, Oberfw E. Gotz’s body was recovered from Stokes Bay on 15 October 1940 and buried in Ann’s Hill Cemetery in Gosport.

Bf 109E-4 (1969) 2+- of 4/JG2 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant I.H. Cosby and Sergeant N.V. Glew of 72 Squadron whilst defending bombers at 10.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea between Folkestone Railway Pier and Copt Point, Uffz F. Dilthey (see image below of him being carried on a stretcher at Folkestone Railway Station) was rescued by a soldier and fishing boat.

Bf 109E-1 of JG3 shot down by Squadron Leader R.R.S. Tuck of 257 Squadron during combat at 09.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea, North of Cap Gris Nez, Oberlt W. Hopp’s body was washed ashore and buried at Ipswich.

Bf 109E-1 (6304) 3+| of 7/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Deal at 10.22. Aircraft crashed into the Channel off Kingsdown, Uffz K. Elbing baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5817) 9+| of 8/JG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant C.B.F. Kingcombe of 92 Squadron during combat over Hythe at 10.00. Aircraft crashed at Biddenden, Tenterden, Oberfw G. Grzymalla baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3735) 4+| of 8/JG26 was shot down by Flying Officer J.F. Drummond of 92 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 09.55. Aircraft force landed at Yanlett Battery, Grain Fort, Isle of Grain, Fw A. Kupper was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1516) 5+ of 3/JG54 shot down by Flying Officer J.C. Boulter and Flight Lieutenant H.K. MacDonald of 603 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 10.25. Aircraft crashed at Broome Park, Oberfw H. Knippscheer baled out but his body washed ashore at Reculver on 27 October 1940 and buried at St John’s Cemetery, Manston Road, Margate.

Sunday 22nd September 1940

Luftwaffe activity was of a limited scale and the only significant event was the bombing of the railway line near Basingstoke. During the night, London was the central target but Luton suffered an attack on a transport depot and damage to houses due to a parachute mine. Total civilian casualties amounted to 78 killed and 290 injured. The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 4 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (0352) 7A+AM of 4(F)/121 was shot down by Pilot Officer T.M. Kane and Sergeant A.S. Harker of 234 Squadron during a reconnissance over the Channel at 16.54. Aircraft crashed into the Sea, 50 miles South East of Start Point, Lt H. Bottcher, Fw T. Vater, Uffz W. Muller and Uffz P. Rabe were rescued by a trawler after ten hours in their dinghy.

Saturday 21st september 1940

Luftwaffe activity was largely reduced to coastal reconnissance and a late evening fighter sweep during the day over Kent. At night, East Anglia, London and Liverpool were targets with nuisance raids across the country. Total civilian casualties amounted to 42 killed and 390. The Germans lost 10 aircraft and 3 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (2088) L1+AL of 3/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officer C.T. Davis and Sergeant S.E. Bann of 238 Squadron, anti-aircraft fire, Pilot Officers A. Lyall and O.V. Hanbury of 602 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over RAF airfields at 15.12. Aircraft force landed at Old Fishbourne, Bosham, Oberlt K. Sodemann, Fw O. Bergstrasser, Fw W. Lorenz and Gefr E. Bossert were all captured.

Do 215 (0023) VB+KK of 2(F)/121 shot down by Pilot Officer D.A. Adams of 611 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over Liverpool at 16.55. Aircraft crashed at Trawsfynydd, Merioneth, Uffz G. Pelzer was killed, Lt W. Book, Fw K. Jensen and Fw H. Kuhl were all captured.

Friday 20th September 1940

The Luftwaffe mounted only one major raid during the day which was predominately fighter sweeps over Kent at midday. There was bombing around the viaduct at Brighton which killed 11 people and affected the water supply. During the night, London was the main target but also Ipswich, Colchester, Chelmsford, Romford and North Weald were also attacked including the greater use of parachute mines. Total civilian casulaties amounted to 84 killed and 280 injured. The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 6 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (2789) of 9/JG27 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over Kent at 11.50. Aircraft crashed at Ospringe, Uffz E. Clauser was killed and buried in the Churchyard of St Peter and St Paul, Ospringe as an unknown German airman.

Ju 88A-1 (4148) B3+HM of 4/KG54 suffered serious loss of control over London and crashed into 2 and 4 Richmond Avenue, Merton at 00.20, see image below. Fw W. Schlake baled out and captured but Oberfw M. Rohrig, Fw H. Fischer and Gefr K. Neumann were all missing believed killed. One of the occupants, Mrs Mary Butcher aged 25 died six days later of her injuries in Nelson Hospital.

Thursday 19th September 1940

Adverse weather reduced Luftwaffe activity during the day and focused on reconnaissance missions over Britain. Hitler abandoned his intended plans to invade as a result of determined resistance by the RAF in terms of defending attacks and the destruction of the invasion barges by Bomber Command. During the night, bombing targeted London, Isle of Wight, Liverpool, Kent, Wales and Suffolk. Total civilian casualities amounted to 68 killed and 122 injured. The Germans lost 10 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (362) 7A+FM of 4(F)/121 suffered engine failure and force landed at Oakington airfield at 15.00. Lt H. Knab, Uffz H-J. Zscheket, Uffz J. Thoring and Obergefr E. Bresch were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (7058) 9K+DL crashed in the Sea off the Sussex coast. Uffz W. Henker’s body washed ashore at Brighton on 4 November 1940 at Brighton and buried there, Oberfw H. Luckhardt’s body was washed ashore on 14 October 1940 at Seaford, Fw W. Walter and Gefr R. Roder were both missing believed killed.

He 111P-2 (2146) G1+GL of 3/KG55 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London at 23.40. Aircraft crashed at Thorley Wash, Spellbrook, Bishop’s Stortford. Uffz H. Pohl, Uffz W. Goliath and Fw T. Alpers were all killed and buried in Saffron Walden Cemetery, Uffz W. Gertz baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (2151) 3Z+GH of 1/KG77 shot down by Flying Officer J. Kowalski, B Flight, 302 Squadron during a bombing mission over London at 11.30. Aircraft crashed at Culford School, Bury St Edmunds, see image below of wreckage. Uffz P. Dorawa, Obergefr E. Schulz and Gefr Scholz were all killed and Uffz E. Etzold was captured.

Wednesday 18th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched three major raids during the day at 09.00, 12.30 and 16.30 targeting London with 800 aircraft. During the night, London was bombed from 21.00 until 05.00 the next day, Liverpool and the North East were also attacked. Total civilian casualities amounted to 239 killed and 710 injured. The Germans lost 20 aircraft and 8 damaged. The image below shows the John Lewis store in Oxford Street, London which was demolished and rebuilt in the late 1950s

Do 215 (0038) G2+KH of 4/AufklarungsGruppe ObdL was shot down by 303 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over Kent at 13.15. Aircraft crashed at Collier Street, Yalding, Lt H. Poser, Uffz A. Linsner and Uffz A. Wiesen all baled out and captured but Fw H. Schutz was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5388) of 1/JG27 shot down by Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis of 249 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Reid of 46 Squadron during combat over Sittingbourne at 12.30. Aircraft crashed at Squirrels Wood, Stockbury, Oberlt R. Krafftschick missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-1 (6327) 7+ of 9/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Morton of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 13.15. Aircraft crashed at Harringe Court, Sellindge, Fw E. Schulz captured and admitted to hospital with severe wounds and died on 26 September 1940 at Royal Herbert Hospital in Woolwich.

Bf 109E-1 (2674) 1+ of 9/JG27 shot down by Flying Officer W.A.A. Read of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 13.10. Aircraft force landed on Royal St George’s Golf Links at Willow Farm, Sandwich, Gefr W. Glockner was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4842) 10+- of 4/JG53 was shot down by Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring of 66 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 17.05. Aircraft crashed at Guilton, Ash, Sandwich, Lt E. Bodendick baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (3173) 3Z+ED of 3/KG77 shot down by Flight Lieutenant W.G. Clouston, Pilot Officer W. Cunningham and Sergeant D.E. Lloyd of Red Section of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 18.30. Aircraft crashed at Eastry Mill, Sandwich, Major M. Klehs and Oberlt F. Lauth were both killed, Fw F. Himsel and Fw F. Probst both baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (5098) 3Z+KR of 7/KG77 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.A.W. Bodie of 66 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Shoeburyness, Fw E. Wurche and Fw J. Nolte’s bodies were washed ashore at Southend on 4 October 1940 and Fw E. Friedel’s body washed ashore at Caister on 25 October 1940 and Uffz G. Stammnitz also drowned after baling out.

Ju 88A-1 (3147) 3Z+AS of 8/KG77 shot down by Pilot Officer H.M.T. Heron of 66 Squadron and Pilot Officer S. Wapniarek of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.50. Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary off Southend, Uffz P. Wiedemuller baled out and captured but Uffz A. Smorlarczyk was killed, Uffz K. Kunkler and Oberfw W. Brendel were both missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5100) 3Z+HS of 8/KG77 was shot down by 92 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader of 242 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant K. McL. Gillies of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer R.G.A. Barclay of 249 Squadron, Pilot Officers E. Pilch and W.E. Karwowski of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary off Sheerness, Fw W. Haret baled out and captured but Oberlt H-L. Weber and Fw A. Krimpmann were both killed and Gefr M. Neuweg was missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5097) 3Z+ES of 8/KG77 shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines, Flight Sergeants G.C. Unwin and H. Steere of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.00. Aircraft crashed at Mocketts Farm, Harty, Isle of Sheppey, Fw H. Damschen was killed, Oberfw W. Semerau and Uffz H. Treutmann were both missing believed killed and Uffz K. Eggert baled out but died of his injuries at Chatham Royal Navy Hospital on 24 September 1940.

Ju 88A-1 (3162) 3Z+FS of 8/KG77 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader of 242 Squadron, Flying Officer J. Kowalski and Sergeant S. Paterek of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Nore, Sheerness, Oberlt G. Fuchs was killed, Fw H. Stier and Obergefr P. Baumann both baled out and rescued by MTBs and Gefr J. Fohlinger was missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5104) 3Z+FS of 9/KG77 shot down by Sergeant S. Plzak of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.00. Aircraft crashed at Cooling Court, Cooling, Uffz A. Kurz and Gefr R. Kuhn were both killed, Uffz K. Burkant and Uffz H. Glaeseker both baled and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (3168) 3Z+FT of 9/KG77 was shot down by Flying Officer S. Fejfar, Flight Sergeant M. Jiroudek, Sergeants E.M.C. Prchal and R. Puda and Pilot Officer V. Bergman of 310 Squadron during combat at 17.40. Aircraft crashed at Vange Creek, Pitsea Marshes near Basildon, see image below of boys amongst the wreckage. Fw O. Wahl, Gefr H. Buschbeck and Gefr P. Lesker were all killed but Fw O. Graf baled out and captured.

Tuesday 17th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one major raid in the afternoon but withdrew after interception by the RAF between Lympne and Deal. During the night, London was the main target for bombing but there were raids on Liverpool, South Wales, Glasgow, Digby, East Anglia and Middlesborough. Total civilian casulaties amounted to 111 killed and 570 injured. The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Bf 109E-1 (6294) 2+1 of 7/JG26 had engine failure and force landed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Rye at 15.45. Uffz K-H. Bock was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3177) was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Faversham at 15.40. Aircraft crashed at Bishopden Wood, Dunkirk, Uffz M. Langer was killed.

Ju 88A-1 (2152) B3+OL of 3/JG54 shot down by Sergeants G. Laurence and W.T. Chard of 141 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 23.45. Aircraft crashed at St Andrews Close and Tonbridge Road in Maidstone. Lt R. Ganzlmayr, Oberfw W. Fachinger, Uffz . Bauer and Uffz K. Schlossler were all killed and buried in Maidstone Cemetery.

Ju 88A-1 (3188) L1+XC of 2/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officer P.G. St G. O’Brian, Pilot Officer E.S. Marrs and Sergeant K.C. Holland of Blue Section of 152 Squadron whilst on a bombing mission to Speke aircraft factory at 14.00. Aircraft crashed at Ladywell Barn, Warminster. Major H. Cramer, Oberfw P. Stutzel and Fw F. Schultz were all captured but Lt O. Heinrich was killed.

Monday 16th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one significant raid at 08.00 targeting London but was repulsed before reaching the City. There was also scattered raids through the day which included London but damage was limited. During the night, London again was the main target with 200 tons of bombs dropped. Total civilian casualties amounted to circa 100 deaths and 440 injured. The Germans lost 12 aircraft and 7 damaged.

He 115C (3261) S4+CL of 3/506 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst attacking a convoy off Alnmouth at 15.00. Aircraft force landed on the Sea and eventually towed into Eyemouth harbour and beached, see image below. Hptmn E-W. Bergmann, Oberlt C. Lucas, Fw E. Kalinowski and Hptmn H. Kriependorf were all rescued by a fishing boat.

He 115C (2754) 8L+GH of 1/906 crashed near Aberdour due to bad weather at 22.00. Hptmn H. Kothe, Uffz H. Meissner and Lt zur Zee H-O. Aldus were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (7087) B3+HH of 1/KG54 collided with a balloon cable near Coventry whilst on a bombing raid at 23.06. Aircraft crashed at Withybrook, Fw H. Baur and Fw K. Perleberg both baled out and captured. Hptmn W. Henke and Uffz H. Rattay were both killed and buried at Oaston Road Cemetery, Nuneaton.

Sunday 15th September 1940

This would be considered the decisive day during the Battle and the date that is marked on an annual basis as Battle of Britain Day, the Germans recognised that Britain’s defences were intact and a seaborne invasion couldn’t be risked whilst Fighter Command still remained a credible threat. The first Luftwaffe raid reached London by midday but had been countered by 22 squadrons of Fighter Command. A few hours later, three waves of German aircraft targeted London but the first two waves were dispersed before reaching their target. The final wave reached London but was met by 300 RAF fighters that inflicted the heaviest losses in a month. Other daylight raids included Portland and the Supermarine Factory at Woolston but neither caused any serious damage. The RAF had deployed 31 squadrons that demoralised the Luftwaffe crews who had been told that there were virtually no RAF fighters left. During the night, bombing of London continued until 05.00 the next day with isolated raids on Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, Warwickshire, Shropshire and Scotland. Total civilian casualties amounted to in excess of 56 killed and 233 injured. The Germans lost 58 aircraft and 24 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (5205) -+- of JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.H. Holland of 92 Squadron during combat at 12.15. Aircraft crashed into outbuildings at Tarpots Farm, Bilsington, Oberstlt H. Von Wedel was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (2685) of 1/JG3 shot down by Pilot Officer D.W. Crowley-Milling of 242 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00. Aircraft crashed at St Michael’s, Tenterden, Oberfw F. Hessel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1606) of 3/JG3 was shot down by RAF fighters at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Thorn Farm, Pluckley Brickworks, Oberlt H. Reumschussel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6147) 5+ of 2/JG27 shot down by Sergeant D.G.S.R. Cox of 19 Squadron during combat at 12.30. Aircraft crashed at Lodge Wood, Homestead, Isfield, Uckfield, Uffz A. Walburger was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3266) of 7/JG51 was shot down by Pilot Officer W. Cunningham of 19 Squadron during combat at 14.30. Aircraft crashed at Nelson Park, St Margaret’s-at-Cliffe, Dover, Lt K. Bildau baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2803) of 9/JG51 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 14.20. Aircraft crashed at Skinners Corner, Mascalls, Paddock Wood, Lt F. Klotz was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (3182) <+ of 1/JG52 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer C.A. McGaw of 73 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 12.00. Aircraft crashed at Dering Wood, Berry Court, Biddenden Green, Lt H. Bertel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5197) of 1/JG53 shot down by Flying Officer A.D.J. Lovell and Pilot Officer J.D. Smith of 73 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 12.09. Aircraft crashed at Adisham Court, Bekesbourne, Fw H. Tschoppe baled out and captured but severely burned.

Bf 109E of 2/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.F.J. MacPhail of 603 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 12.45. Aircraft crashed at Gore Wood, Aldington Court Farm, Bearsted, Oberlt R. Schmidt was killed and buried in St Mary’s churchyard, Thurnham.

Bf 109E-4 (1590) of 3/JG53 shot down by Flight Sergeant G.C. Unwin of 19 Squadron and Flying Officer A.D. Nesbitt of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat over London at 12.50. Aircraft crashed at Mullard Wood, Norheads Farm, Biggin Hill, Oberlt J. Haase baled out and killed due to parachute failing to open.

Bf 109E-1 (3619) 2+ of 3/JG53 was shot down by Flight Sergeant C. Sydney of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 12.42. Aircraft force landed at Grand Redoubt between Hythe and Dymchurch, Uffz K-H. Feldmann captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3759) of 1/JG77 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Stuttfall Castle, Lympne, Oberlt H. Kunze was killed.

Do 17Z-3 (2678) U5+CN of 5/KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer A. Lyall of 602 Squadron, Squadron Leader H.S. Darley, Flying Officer J.C. Dundas and Pilot Officer M.E. Staples of 609 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant G. ff. Powell-Shedden of 242 Squadron during combat at 15.15. Aircraft force landed at Eighteen Pounder Farm, Westfield, Hastings. Uffz F. Reinisch, Oberlt U. Latz and Fw K. Haase were all captured but Oberfw W. Hafner baled out and believed to have been drowned.

Do 17Z (3440) U5+PS of 8/KG2 shot down by Sergeant R.A. Innes of 253 Squadron, Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during combat at 15.05. Aircraft crashed at The Chase, City Way, Chatham. Oberlt W. Kittmann, Uffz P. Langer, Uffz J. Stampfer and Flgr W. Kohler all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z (3405) U5+FT of 9/KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer W.B. Pattullo of 46 Squadron and Pilot Officer B.G. Stapleton of 603 Squadron during combat at 15.15. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Herne Bay, Uffz H. Hoppe’s body was washed ashore on the Isle of Sheppey on 18 September 1940, Oberfhr K-O. Staib’s body was washed ashore on 30 September 1940 at Graveney Marsh, Gefr A. Hoffmann and Gefr J. Zierer were both rescued by Royal Navy launch.

Do 17Z-2 (3230) U5+ET of 9/KG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.E. McComb, Flying Officers M.P. Brown and T.D. Williams and Pilot Officer J.W. Lund of 611 Squadron during combat at 14.45. The aircraft crashed at Cranbrook, Uffz R. Lenz, Uffz O. Krummheuer and Fw H. Glaser were all killed but Uffz J. Sehrt baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3294) 5K+DM of 4/KG3 shot down by Pilot Officer A.E. Johnson of 46 Squadron, Pilot Officers H.P. Hill and D.G. Williams of 92 Squadron, Pilot Officer R.G.A. Barclay of 249 Squadron, Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron, Flying Officer P.S. Turner of 242 Squadron and Flying Officer J.R. Hardacre of 504 Squadron during combat 14.23. Aircraft crashed at Gladstone Road, Laindon Hills, Billericay. Lt K. Dumler, Uffz H. Maskolus and Fw A. Vogel were all killed but Uffz G. Friebe baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3457) 5K+JM of 4/KG3 was shot down by Squadron Leader J. Sample of 504 Squadron and anti-airraft fire during combat over London at 14.45. Aircraft crashed into houses in Perry Street, Barnehurst Golf Course, Dartford. Uffz K. Hausburg baled out but killed due to parachute failure, Lt H. Michaelis and Flgr H. Bormann baled out and captured but Uffz W. Burbulla baled out but died of his wounds two days later in Dartford Hospital.

Do 17Z-3 (2881) 5K+CM of 4/KG3 shot down by Flight Lieutenant E.N. Ryder and Flying Officer J.G. Boyle of 41 Squadron, Flying Officer S. Fejfar of 310 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during combat at 14.45. Aircraft force landed at Lower Stoke, Isle of Grain. Gefr E. Schild, Uffz G. Wien, Fw M. Von Gortz and Gefr H. Weymar were all captured.

Do 17Z-2 (1176) 5K+DN of 5/KG3 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 15.00. Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary, Fw K. Falke baled out and captured, Fw W. Franke’s body was washed ashore at Sheerness on 30 September 1940, Hptmn E. Puttmann and Oberlt A. Langenheim were both missing believed killed.

Do 17Z-3 (3458) 5K+GN of 5/KG3 shot down by Pilot Officer P.J.T. Stephenson of 607 Squadron during combat over the Thames at 15.15. Aircraft crashed at Combwell Wood, Kilndown, Goudhurst. Oberlt H. Becker-Ross, Oberfw G. Bruckner, Fw A. Hansen and Fw W. Brinkmann were all killed and their unidentified remains were buried in All Saints Churchyard, Staplehurst.

Do 17Z-2 (4200) 5K+JN of 5/KG3 was rammed by Pilot Officer T.P.M. Cooper-Slipper of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 14.30. Aircraft crashed into Widehurst Woods, Marden. Oberfw E. Rilling baled out too low and killed, Oberfw H. Howind, Oberfw H. Hobel and Fw E. Zimmermann all baled out and captured.

He 111H-4 (6985) 1H+IH of 1/KG26 shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Sub Lieutenant A.G. Blake of 19 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.C. Baker of 41 Squadron, Pilot Officers A.C. Cochrane and P.A. Mortimer of 257 Squadron and Sergeant E.M.C. Prchl of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00. Aircraft force landed at Asplens Head, Foulness. Lt H. Streubel, Fw H. Schwarz, Fw W. Marenbach, Fw K. Potenberg and Gefr E. Domes were all captured.

He 111H-2 (3140) A1+DA of KG53 was shot down by Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron and Flying Officer B.D. Russel of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during a bombing mission of Becton Gasworks at 14.50. Aircraft crashed at Woolwich Arsenal, Fw A. Benz, Fw A. Schweiger, Uffz H. Meyer and Uffz G. Geiger were all killed but Fw M. Cionber baled out but badly injured and admitted to the Royal Herbert Hospital.

He 111H-2 (5120) A1+EL of 3/KG53 shot down by RAF fighters during a bombing raid on London’s Docks at 14.55. Aircraft forced landed at Horstead Hall, Botany Farm. Fw F. Grotzki was killed, Uffz A. Gerding, Lt H. Boeckh, Uffz K. Altmann and Obergefr R. Kurzawski were all captured.

He 111H-2 (5481) A1+GL of 3/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Bourne Farm, Sandhurst. Uffz A. Lehner and Fw K. Rothig were both killed, Oberlt G. Buchner, Gefr H. Stamminger and Gefr H. Richter all baled and captured.

He 111H-3 (6843) A1+GM of 2/KG53 shot down by Pilot Officer D.G. Williams of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb Victoria Docks at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Peasridge Farm, Frittenden, Staplehurst. Major M. Gruber, Oberlt H-P. Schierning, Fw M. Nagl and Oberfw G. Schmidt all baled out and captured but Fw A. Grassi was killed.

He 111H-2 (5718) A1+LN of 5/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer R. Mottram of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 14.30. Aircraft force landed at Trafford Farm, Benenden, Fw O. Maier and Gefr A. Hoffmann were both killed, Lt H. Bansch, Uffz S. Bauer and Uffz E. Buttler were all captured.

Do 17Z (2555) F1+FS of 8/KG76 shot down by Flying Officer J.C. Dundas and Pilot Officer E.Q. Tobin of 609 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during a bombing raid on London’s Docks at 12.10. Aircraft force landed at Castle Farm, Shoreham. Fw S. Schmid was captured but died of his wounds later in the day, Fw H. Pfeiffer, Fw M. Sauter and Fw R. Heitsch were all captured.

Do 17Z (2814) F1+AT of 9/KG76 was shot down by Flight Sergeant J. Kominek of 310 Squadron, Sergeants C.A.L. Hurry and G.W. Jefferys of 46 Squadron, Pilot Officer V.M.M. Ortmans and Sergeant R.J. Ommaney of 229 Squadron during combat over London at 12.20. Aircraft crashed at Argos Hill Lodge, Red Lane Farm, Rotherfield. Obergefr K. Bohme, Gefr J. Kotone and Lt A. Wagner were both killed and GefrP. Holdenried tried to bale out but parachute wrapped around the tailplane and was killed.

Do 17Z-2 (3322) F1+DT of 9/KG76 shot down by Sergeant E. Tyrer of 46 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant R.F. Rimmer of 249 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant P.M. Brothers and Pilot Officer P.A. Mortimer of 257 Squadron, Sergeant E.W. Wright of 605 Squadron and Pilot Officer H.N. Tamblyn of 242 Squadron during a combat over London at 12.30. Aircraft crashed at Underriver, Sevenoaks. Oberfw H. Streit, Fw W. Seuffert and Fw W. Raab all baled and captured but Uffz E. Malter but was killed due to his parachute fouling the aircraft.

Bf 110C-3 (3802) L1+IH of 13/LG1 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 15.15. Aircraft crashed at Rippers Cross, Hothfield Farm, Hothfield, Ashford. Oberlt H. Muller was killed and Fw A. Hoffmann died of his wounds later in the day.

Bf 109E-7 (2061) of 1/LG2 shot down by Sergeant M. Wojciechowski of 303 Squadron and Sergeant G.J. Bailey of 603 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00. Aircraft crashed at Hartslip Churchyard, Rainham, Uffz H. Streibing baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-7 (2058) 2+ of 3/LG2 was shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines of 19 Squadron during combat over London at 14.45. Aircraft crashed at Shellness, Uffz A. Klick was captured.

Do 17Z-3 (2651) F1+FL of 3/KG76 shot down by Pilot Officer J.R.B. Meaker of 249 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant W.J. Leather, Flying Officer T.D. Williams and Pilot Officer P.S.C. Pollard of 611 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant K. McL. Gillies and Pilot Officer C.A.W. Bodie off 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant J.W. Villa of 92 Squadron during combat at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Alcrofts Farm, Sturry. Oberfw K. Niebler, Fw K. Wissmann and Uffz J-F. Schatz were all killed. Oberlt K-E. Wilke and Uffz H. Zrenner both baled out and captured.

Do 17ZZ (2578) F1+BS of 8/KG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer A.R.H. Barton of 253 Squadron during combat at 12.20. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Herne Bay. Fw L. Keck’s body washed ashore at Herne Bay on 29 September 1940 and Uffz G. Rosenow’s body washed ashore on 15 October 1940 at Southwold, Uffz O. Zahn and Uffz H. Heitmann were both missing believed killed.

He 111H-1 (2771) A1+AN of 5/KG53 shot down by Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring, Sergeants C.A. Parsons and D.A.C. Hunt of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant R.F. Rimmer, Flying Officers V.M. Bright and G.M. Simpson of 229 Squadron, Squadron Leader M.V. Blake of 238 Squadron, Flying Officer N.K. Stansfeld of 242 Squadron, Pilot Officer K.T. Lofts of 249 Squadron, Squadron Leader J. Sample and Flying Officer P.T. Parsons of 504 Squadron and Flying Officer P.W. Lochnan of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 15.00. Aircraft force landed at West Malling airfield, Obergefr E. Sailler and GefrH. Lange were both killed, Uffz O. Zilling, Fw R. Lichtenhagen and Fw K. Behrendt were all captured.

Do 17Z (2361) F1+FH of 1/KG76 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant J. Jefferies, Sergaents J. Hubacek, R. Puda and J. Kaucky of 310 Squadron, Pilot Officers J. Curchin and A.K. Ogilvie of 609 Squadron, Flying Officer P.T. Parsons of 504 Squadron, Pilot Officer A.C. Cochrane of 257 Squadron and rammed by Sergeant R.T. Holmes of 504 Squadron during combat over London at 11.50. Aircraft crashed at Wilton Road, Victoria Railway Station, see four images below showing the aircraft before impact, wreckage to the front Of Victoria Station and the recovery of parts from the streets and rooftops. Uffz H. Goschenhofer and Uffz G. Hubel were both killed, Oberlt R. Zehbe baled out and landed in Kennington where he was attacked by civilians and died of his wounds the next day and buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Obergefr L. Armbruster and Uffz L. Hammermeister both baled out and captured.

Saturday 14th September 1940

Luftwaffe attacks were still curtailed due to preparations for more sustained operations on the following day. London was the main target of daylight raids but single aircraft also bombed Clacton, Great Yarmouth, Ipswich, Southampton, Bournemouth, Hastings, Selsey, Littlehampton and Worthing. Particularly deadly attacks included a cinema in Brighton which killed 35 and Warrington factory canteen that had a gala event which killed 14 people. During the night, Chelsea, Fulham, Finsbury, Leyton, Lewisham and further afield bombs were dropped on Preston, Bootle, Leicester, Desborough and Ipswich. Total civilian casulaties amounted to 94 killed and 426 injured. The Germans lost 13 aircraft and 8 damaged. The image below shows the smouldering remains of the London and North Eastern Railway warehouses at Fenchurch Street Station.

He 111H-4 (3294) 5J+BL of 3/KG4 was shot down by Pilot Officers M.J. Herrick and A.W. Brown of 25 Squadron whilst bombing London at 01.55. Aircraft crashed at Down Hall, Newmans End, Sheering. Oberlt H. Kell and Fw W. Hobe both baled out and captured but Uffz W. Muller-Wernscheid and Uffz H. Topfer were both killed.

Bf 109E-1 (5813) of 1/JG26 shot down by Sergeant A.S. Dredge of 253 Squadron during combat over Teynham at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Beacon Hill, Stone, Oberlt K. Dahne was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3854) 4+ of 1/JG77 was shot down by Flying Officer B.R. MacNamara of 603 Squadron and Sergeant I. Hutchinson of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 16.30. Aircraft force landed at Long Barn Farm, Boxley Hill, Detling, Fw H. Ettler was captured.

Bf 109E-7 (2014) ^+I of 6/LG2 shot down by Pilot Officer J.P. Lloyd and Sergeant W.T.E. Rolls of 72 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron during combat over London at 18.35. Aircraft crashed at Tennant Wood, New Front Street, Great Chart, Uffz V. Blazejewski baled out and captured.

Friday 13th September 1940

The weather once again hampered both attackers and defenders with the Luftwaffe raids on Bangor (County Down), London and the airfields at Biggin Hill and Tangmere during the day. At night, London, Weymouth, Ventnor and South Wales were also targeted for bombing. Civilian casulaties amounted to 37 killed and 270 injured. The Germans lost 7 aircraft and 2 damaged.

He 111P (2670) 1G+DS of 8/KG27 collided with balloon cables over South Wales after bombing Ellesmere Port at 03.15. Aircraft crashed at 32 Stow Park Avenue, Newport, Oberlt H. Wappler baled out and captured but Oberfw J. Elster, Uffz F. Berndt and Uffz H. Okuneck were all killed.

Thursday 12th September 1940

Luftwaffe activity by both day and night was substantially reduced from previous days and confined to reconnaissance and nuisance raids. Single aircraft during the night bombed London, South Wales, Liverpool and the West Midlands. Total civilian casualties amounted to 57 killed and 128 injured. The Germans lost 7 aircraft and 7 damaged.

Wednesday 11th September 1940

One major attack by the Luftwaffe in the late afternoon that intended to bomb London but was largely turned back by determined RAF fighter resistance. The areas that did receive attacks included Paddington, King’s Cross, South Bromley, Charlton, Woolwich, Greenwich, Deptford, Lewisham, Surrey and Victoria Docks and the railway lines leading into London Bridge Station. There was also attacks through shelling and bombing of Deal and Dover, and an attack on the Cunliffe Owen Aircraft Works near Eastleigh, Southampton. During the night, bombing focused on London but met an effective anti-aircraft barrage but attacks did bomb Surrey Commercial Docks, Woolwich Arsenal and two hospitals. Other parts of the Country attacked included Hull, St Helens, Warrington, Cardiff, Plymouth and Marlow. Total civilian casualties included 48 killed and 247 injured. The Germans lost 29 aircraft and 19 damaged. The RAF Bomber and Coastal Commands launched bomber attacks on the barges in the Channel ports that were being assembled prior to the planned invasion.

Bf 109E-4 (1641) of 2/JG51 was shot down by Sergeant W.B. Higgins of 253 Squadron during combat at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Houndean Bottom, Lewes, Hptmn E. Wiggers was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (6293) 9+| of 8/KG51 shot down by Flight Lieutenant G.R. Edge of 253 Squadron during combat at 16.30. Aircraft crashed at Foxhole Farm, Wadhurst, Fw H. Siemer was killed.

He 111H-3 (5606) V4+FA of KG1 was shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officers A.B. Watkinson and C.A.W. Bodie of 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant J.C. Freeborn of 74 Squadron at 16.30. Aircraft crashed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Lt O. Behn, Fw J. Sommer, Uffz P. Moeck, Uffz G. Arndt and Gefr M. Mannich were all captured.

He 111H-3 (3233) V4+KL of 3/KG1 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Flight Lieutenant D.G. Parnall, Pilot Officers T.F. Neil and W.B. Pattullo of 249 Squadron at 16.33. Aircraft force landed at Hildenborough, Uffz H. Steinecke, Uffz W. Hirsch, Uffz E. Kramer, Gefr W. Pfeiffer and Gefr H. Pumpel were all captured.

He 111H-2 (5364) V4+RW of 6/KG1 was shot down by Squadron Leader R.H.A. Leigh, Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring and Sergeant D.A.C. Hunt of 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant A.R. Wright of 92 Squadron during combat at 16.40. Aircraft force landed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Uffz B. Hansen, Uffz K. Markert, Uffz J. Krall, Gefr G. Wilhelm and Uffz H. Wildehopf were all captured.

He 111H-4 (6962) 1H+AH of 1/KG26 shot down by Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Woolwich Arsenal at 16.30. Aircraft crashed at Cripps Corner, Sedlescombe, Hptm W. Kunstler, Fw E. Buttner, Uffz E. Schmidt were all captured but Fw J. Schafer and Uffz W. Schang were both killed.

He 111H-4 (6981) 1H+KH of 1/KG26 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.A. Mc Kellar and Pilot Officer R.E. Jones of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 16.10. Aircraft force landed at Dieppe but Fw W. Jabusch baled out and captured in Uckfield, Lt F. Zimmermann, Fw G. Schilling and Oberfw W. Hasebrink stayed with the aircraft.

He 111H-3 (3157) 1H+ML of 3/KG26 shot down by anti-aircraft fire and Flight Lieutenant G.R. McGregor, Flying Officers H. de M. Molson and A. Yuile of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Squadron Leader M.V. Blake and Pilot Officer . Rozycki of 238 Squadron, Pilot Officer J.F.J. MacPhail of 603 Squadron, Pilot Officers C.F. Currant and W.F. Glowacki of 605 Squadron, Sergeant S.A. Levenson of 611 Squadron during combat over London at 15.45. Aircraft crashed at Hoopers Farm, Eden Road, Dormansland, Lingfield. Oberlt W. Abendhausen, Uffz H. Hauswald both baled out and captured but Fw H. Westphalen, Uffz B. Herms and Gefr F. Zahle were all killed.

He 111H-3 (6903) 1H+JN of 5/KG26 was shot down by Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 17.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Hastings, Oberlt G-O. Bertram, Gefr G. Schroder and Gefr R. Endrich were all rescued by fishing boat but Lt F. Kramer was killed.

Bf 109E-7 (2029) of 3/LG2 shot down by Sergeant S. Wojtowicz of 303 Squadron and Sergeant J. Budzinski of 605 Squadron during combat at 16.15. Aircraft crashed at Pilgrim’s Way, Wrotham Hill, Uffz A. Hechmaier was killed and buried in Wrotham Cemetery.

Bf 110C-3 (1372) U8+HL of 2/ZG26 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 17.00. Aircraft force landed at Cobham Farm, Charing, Fw H. Brinkmann and Uffz E. Gruschow were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3625) 3U+HM of 2/ZG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne and Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 16.24. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Margate, Oberlt W. Henken was missing and Fw J. Radlmair’s body washed ashore at Broadstairs Jetty on 23 October 1940 and buried at Manston Road, Cemetery, Margate.

Bf 110C-4 (3231) 3U+LT of 9/ZG26 was shot down by Sergeant B.J. Jennings of 19 Squadron and Pilot Officer W.J. Glowacki of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Barnes Cote, Harvel, Oberlt J. Junghans was killed and Gefr P. Eckert was missing.

Tuesday 10th September 1940

Due to poor weather conditions Luftwaffe activity was reduced during the day with minor raids on Yarmouth, Newhaven and in Kent and Sussex. An evening raid on London was repulsed through RAF fighters turning the formation back. During the night, bombing continued on London’s Docks and Cardiff, Sheffield and Merseyside. Total civilian casualties amounted to 30 killed and 346 injured. The Germans lost 13 aircraft including 8 Heinkel 111s of 2/KG4 as a result of a Bomber Command attack on Eindhoven airfield with a further 4 damaged.

Do 17Z-3 (2778) F1+ET of 9/KG76 was shot down by 72 Squadron, Pilot Officer T.S. Wade, Sergeant R.H. Fokes of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire whilst on a reconnaissance mission over London at 18.20. Aircraft crashed at Lower Sheriffs Cottages, West Hoathley. Oberlt W. Domenig and Uffz H. Strahlendorf were both killed, Uffz E. Nurnberg was badly wounded and admitted to East Grinstead Hospital and Gefr A. Greza was captured.

Monday 9th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one major daylight raid during the day in the evening which again targeted London but raids did reach as far West as Salisbury. During the night, the bombing of London began at 20.00 and continued until the early morning of the next day. The Germans lost 29 aircraft and 16 damaged. Images below shows Lloyds Bank in King William Street and King George VI viewing the damage in Arnott Street in Southwark.

Bf 109E-1 (6138) of 4/JG3 was shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 17.55. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Newhaven, Fw A-W. Muller was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6316) 6+| of 7/JG3 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 17.35. Aircraft force landed at Cooper’s Field, Flimwell, Hawkhurst, Uffz M. Massmann was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1394) <+ of 1/JG27 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 17.45. Aircraft force landed at Knowle Farm, Mayfield, Oberlt G. Bode was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3488) 13+- of 5/JG27 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 17.50. Aircraft force landed on Charity Farm, Cootham, Storrington, Oberlt E. Daig captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6280) 7+- of 6/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.L. Whitbread of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 18.15. Aircraft crashed at Mounts Farm, Benenden, Uffz G. Rauwolf baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1617) of 7/JG27 shot down by Sergeant J. Frantisek of 303 Squadron during combat at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Romans Gate Cottage, Rudgwick, Uffz K. Born was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (1508) 5+ of 1/JG53 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Cherry Tree Farm, Old Jail Inn, Jail Lane, Biggin Hill. Fw H. Honisch baled out and captured.

Bf 109E (6139) of 8/JG53 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 18.15. Aircraft crashed at Sundown Farm, Ditcham, Gefr P. Becker was killed.

He 111H-3 (5713) V4+BL of 3/KG1 was shot down by Sergeant P.A. Burnell-Phillips of 607 Squadron and Pilot Officer S. Zimprich of 310 Squadron during a mission to bomb London at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Sundridge, Sevenoaks, Oberlt E. Kiunka, Uffz A. Stumbaum, Uffz E. Marck, Gefr H. Reinecke and Oberfw A. Heidrich were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (274) 4D+AA of KG30 shot down by 66 Squadron during a mission to bomb London’s Docks at 18.00. Aircraft force landed at Church Field, Newells Farm, Nuthurst, Horsham. Oberlt R. Heim, Fw A. Fuhs, Uffz J. Beck and Uffz W. Baustian were all captured.

Ju 88A-2 (5074) 4D+KK of 2/KG30 was shot down by Squadron Leader R.H.A. Leigh, Pilot Officers H.R. Allen and I.J.A. Cruickshanks of 66 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Deacon-Elliott of 72 Squadron during a mission to bomb London’s Docks at 17.40. Aircraft force landed at Bannisters Farm, Toulver Lane, Barcombe, Lewes (see image below of the smoking wreckage). Oberlt H-G. Gollnisch, Uffz W. Rolf and Uffz W. Hamerla were all captured but Uffz E. Deibler killed.

Ju 88A (333) 4D+AD of 3/KG30 shot down by Squadron Leader A.V.R. Johnstone, Pilot Officer A. Lyall and Flying Officer P.C. Webb of 602 Squadron during combat at 17.50. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Pagham, Major J. Hackbarth and Oberfw H. Manger were both captured but Uffz W. Sawallisch and Gefr F. Petermann were both killed.

He 111H-2 (2630) A1+ZD of 3/KG53 was shot down when it collided with the Hawker Hurricane flown by Pilot Officer G.M. Forrester of 605 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb London at 17.50. Aircraft crashed at Southfield Farm, Chawton, Alton. Oberlt K. Meinecke and Fw O. Broderix both baled out and captured but Fw W. Wenninger, Fw W. Doring and Fw E. Wendorff were all killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3298) L1+DL of 15/LG1 shot down by Pilot Officer H.N. Tamblyn of 242 Squadron and Flying Officer S. Fejfar and Pilot Officer V. Bergman of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Maori Sports Club, Old Malden Lane, Worcester Park, Uffz A.Pfaffelhuber and Uffz O. Kramp were both killed.

Bf 110C-4 (2137) 2N+FM of 7/ZG76 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst over London at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Munns Gore, Borden, Sittingbourne, Uffz G. Bierling and Uffz F. Kuerella both baled out too low and were killed.

Bf 110C (3108) 2N+EP of 9/ZG76 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 18.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Newhaven, Fw H. Koops was captured but Uffz C. Weiher’s body was recovered off Galloways, Lydd on 20 October 1940.

Bf 110C (3207) of 9/ZG76 was shot down by being rammed by a Hawker Hurricane flown by Flying Officer J.E. Boulton of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 18.15. Aircraft crashed at Woodcote Park Avenue, Woodmansterne, Lt E. Ostermuncher and Gefr W. Zimmermann were both killed.

Sunday 8th September 1940

During the day the Luftwaffe launched one raid within Kent between 11.00 and 13.00. The night bombing of London began at 20.00 and continued until 05.00 the next day. The East End was the target once again for most of the bombing. German losses amounted to 16 destroyed and 8 damaged. The images below from left to right are damaged houses in Stepney Way, Prime Minister Winston Churchill inspecting damage on the corner of Winchester Street and Factory Road in West Ham and in Mare Street in Hackney.

Do 17Z-3 (2668) U5+BN of 5/KG2 was shot down by ant-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London’s Docks at 12.45. Aircraft crashed at Farningham Road Railway Station. Oberlt J. Schneider, Uffz J. Schumacher, Obergefr H. Hoffmann and Flgr W. Kohl all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (1130) U5+FN of 5/KG2 was shot down by ant-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London’s Docks at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Farningham Road Railway Station. Lt O. Landenberger, Gefr P. Schutze and Obergefr F. Lotter were killed but Oberfw M. Strobel was captured.

Do 17Z (3415) U5+LN of 5/KG2 shot down by Sergeant S. Andrew of 46 Squadron and 605 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb London’s Dock at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Hollingbourne, Leeds, Maidstone. Oberlt M. Zeims was killed and buried at Maidstone Cemetery, Uffz H. Flick, Uffz W. Trost and Uffz W. Selter were all missing believed killed, their unidentified remains were buried at St Margaret’s churchyard at Broomfield.

Saturday 7th September 1940

The Luftwaffe began the bombing of London with raids on the Ford Motor Works at Dagenham, Beckton Gas Works and Royal Docks between 17.00 and 18.00 which set East London on fire from Tower Bridge to Woolwich. The German bombers returned at 19.30 to attack the same areas which were still in flames and didn’t stop until 05.00 the next day. The London Fire Service sent 600 pumps and crews from Yarmouth, Brighton, Rugby, Swindon and in between came to London’s assistance. Civil Defence volunteers were engaged in rescuing people from the rubble of their houses. The first day and night of the Blitz on London cost the lives of 436 civilians and 1,600 injured.

Bf 110C-4 (2216) 3M+LL of 3/ZG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader M.W.S. Robinson and Pilot Officer N.C. Langham-Hobart of 73 Squadron during combat at 17.20. Aircraft crashed at Old Tree Farm, Hoath, Herne Bay, Lt F. Kislinger was killed and Uffz R. Dahnke baled out and captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3334) A2+NH of 2/ZG2 shot down by Flying Officer J.B. Holderness of 1 Squadron, Pilot Officer S. Janough of 310 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant B.J.E. Lane of 19 Squadron during combat over London at 17.10. Aircraft crashed at Park Corner Farm, Hacton Lane, Hornchurch, Lt K. Schunemann and Uffz H. Mescheder both baled out and killed.

Bf 110D/0 (3185) A2+BH of 4/ZG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader and Sub Lieutenant R.J. Cork of 242 Squadron during combat over London at 17.15. Aircraft crashed at Swan Lane, Downham Hall, Wickford, Lt H-D. Abert and Uffz K. Scharf were both killed.

Bf 110D/0 (3328) A2+JH of 4/ZG2 shot down by Pilot Officer D.W. Crowley-Milling and Sub Lieutenant R.E. Gardner during combat over London at 17.30. Aircraft crashed at Bullers Farm, Little Burstead, Lt K. Stix baled out and captured but Gefr H. Hetz was killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3570) A2+ML of 6/ZG2 was shot down by Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron whilst in combat over London at 17.20. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Birchington, Oberlt W. Brede rescued by ‘J.B. Proudfoot’ lifeboat but Uffz A. Galla was killed.

Ju 88A 4U+BL of 3(F)/123 shot down by Sergeant L.S. Pilkington of 7 OTU during a reconnaissance mission over Liverpool and Bristol at 12.30. Aircraft force landed at Hafotty-y-Bulch, Mallwyd, Machynlleth. Oberlt H. Kauter, Lt E. Bohle, Fw W. Kobold and Uffz G. Leisner were all captured.

Friday 6th September 1940

Luftwaffe launched three major raids during the course of the day.  The first and second in the morning and early afternoon targeted airfields but caused little damage.  The final attack in the evening concentrated on oil storage sites at Shellhaven, Corytown and Thameshaven with fires started, there was also a raid on Scilly Isles airfield.  During the night, German bombing concentrated on London (see images below) with more than 100 fires started with considerable damage caused to Royal Victoria Dock, Southwark, Camberwell and Bermondsey.  Elsewhere, Liverpool was targeted to a lesser extent and a German spy was dropped by parachute and captured at Denton at 17.20.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 27 killed and 219 injured.  The Luftwaffe lost 32 aircraft and 10 damaged.

Bf 110D/0 (3373) S9+BH of 1/ErproGr210 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.H. Dibnah and Pilot Officer G.E. Goodman of 1 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.04.  Aircraft crashed at Flow Meadow, Foyle Farm, Crowhurst, Uffz G. Ruger was killed and buried in an unmarked and unregistered grave but Gefr E. Ernst baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5044) <+ of JG2 shot down by Flying Officer J. Topolnicki of 601 Squadron during combat at 09.00.  Aircraft crashed at Plumtree Farm, Headcorn, Lt M. Himmelheber baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2781) of 7/JG26 was shot down by Sergeant M.C.B. Boddington of 234 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 09.30.  Aircraft force landed at Hothfield, Oberlt H-M. Christinnecke captured.

Bf 109E-1 5+1 of 7/JG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes and Pilot Officer J. Zurakowski of 234 Squadron during combat over Beachy Head at 09.40.  Aircraft crashed at Swamp Farm, Old Romney, pilot was killed but so badly burned couldn’t be identified and was buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 109E-1 (3225) 11+ of 3/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 18.15.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea at the Nore Boom, Oberlt W. Schuller baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2762) 6+- of 5/JG27 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.B. Robinson of 601 Squadron during combat over London at 09.20.  Aircraft crashed at Bank Farm, Tudeley, Fw E. Braun baled out and captured.

Bf 109E (1380) of 3/JG27 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant E.N. Ryder of 41 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 18.02.  Aircraft crashed at Shoeburyness artillery range bouy, Hptmn J-H. Schlichting baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6318) 8+ of 7/JG27 shot down by Pilot Officer J.N. MacKenzie of 41 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 17.35.  Aircraft force landed at Blean, Uffz E. Nittmann captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1138) of 3/JG52 was shot down by Flying Officer W. Urbanowicz, Pilot Officer M. Feric and Sergeant J. Frantisek of 303 Squadron during combat over Sevenoaks at 11.30.  Aircraft crashed at Stone Street, Oberlt H. Waller baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1506) 5+| of 7/JG53 shot down by 41 and 222 Squadrons during combat over Dover at 18.30. Aircraft force landed at Vincents Farm, Manston, Uffz H-G. Schulte captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1129) of 8/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Chatham at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Kingsnorth Marshes, Fw E. Hempel baled out but killed.

Ju 88A (3176) F1+LP of 6/KG76 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officer R.W. Clarke of 79 Squadron and Flying Officer B.H. Bowring of 111 Squadron during combat over Kenley at 09.25. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Littlestone. Uffz H. Haenel and Obergefr H. Kohn were both killed with their bodies recovered from the Sea, Oberlt R. Wagner and Uffz F. Geyer were both missing believed killed.Ju 88A (8104) F1+HP of 6/KG76 hit by anti-aircraft fire over Hastings and shot down by Flight Lieutenant M.H. Brown and Pilot Officer C.M. Stavert of 1 Squadron and Sergeant S. Karubin of 303 Squadron during combat at 09.15.  Aircraft force landed at Tanyards Farm, Tonbridge, Lt J. Kernbach, Oberfw W. Schumacher, Gefr R. Riesel and Uffz H. Agel were all captured.

Bf 109E-7 (3736) ^+O of 4/LG2 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a mission over the Thames Estuary with the aircraft crashing into the Sea off Nore at 18.15.  Lt H. Gultgen captured.

Bf 109E-7 (5567) ^+C of 6/LG2 shot down by anti-aircraft fire over Chatham at 18.14.  Aircraft force landed at Hawkinge, Fw W. Gottschalk was captured.

Bf 110C-4 (2145) 3U+CA of ZG26 crashed as a result of a technical problem over the Channel at 09.20.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Dover, Oberlt F. Viertel baled out and captured and Uffz R. Roth baled out and his body recovered from the Sea on 30 October 1940.

Bf 110C-4 (2146) U8+CL of 3/ZG26 was shot down by 111 Squadron during combat over Kenley at 09.35. Aircraft crashed at Cannons Hill, Coulsdon, Uffz C. Kiehn was killed and Uffz E. Neuz baled out and captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3405) 3U+HR of 7/ZG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.I. Kilmartin and Squadron Leader C.B. Hull of 43 Squadron during combat over Tenterden and Bexhill at 09.40. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Bexhill. Fw L. Kaufmann’s body was recovered on the 28 September 1940 and Gefr G. Schumann’s body was washed ashore at Sandgate on 6 October 1940 and buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Thursday 5th September 1940

Luftwaffe launched one raid in the morning which was targeted on Biggin Hill but broken up before reaching the objective and then split up to attack Hornchurch and Harwich. In the afternoon, Biggin Hill airfield was again the target but beaten back by determined resistence and this was the same for another attack that approached Dungeness. During the night the main targets were South Wales, Midlands, Manchester, Liverpool and West Riding with minelaying at Lyme Bay, Thames Estuary, Firth of Forth, Amble and St Anne’s Head.

Bf 109E-4 2+~ of 8/JG2 collided with Fw Gotz during combat at 14.30. Aircraft crashed at Bleakwood, Walderslade, Oberlt C-H. Metz baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1985) 6+ of 1/JG3 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.T. Webster of 41 Squadron during combat over Croydon at 10.10. Aircraft force landed at Handen Farm, Chapfall, Aldington (see image below), Lt H. Schnabel was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (750) 7+ of 3/JG3 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.T. Webster of 41 Squadron during combat over Croydon at 10.30. Aircraft force landed at Wichling, Faversham, Uffz H. Grabow captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1480) <+- of 2/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer B.G. Stapleton of 603 Squadron during combat over Kent. Aircraft force landed at Winchet Hill, Love’s Farm, Marden, Oberlt F. Von Werra was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3627) of 5/JG27 shot down by Sergeant C.A.L. Hurry of 43 Squadron in combat over Tenterden at 16.15. Aircraft crashed at Appledore Station, Oberlt H. Strobl was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (1949) of 1/JG52 was shot down by Flying Officer J.G. Boyle of 41 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 10.30. Aircraft crashed at Bethersden, Uffz E. Kind was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (5375) <|-+- of JG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron at 15.45. Aircraft force landed at Monkton Farm, Manston, Hptmn W. Meyerweissflog captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4017) of 7/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.F.T. Doe, Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron and Sub Lieutenant J.C. Carpenter and Flight Lieutenant A.C. Rabagliati of 46 Squadron during combat over Eastchurch at 15.50. Aircraft crashed at Rayhams Farm, Lt J. Deutsch missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-1 (6252) of 9/JG53 shot down by Pilot Officer J. Zurakowski of 234 Squadron during combat over Sheppey at 15.38. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Hastings, Fw A. Ochsenkuhn was rescued by the ‘Cyril and Lilian Bishop’ lifeboat.

Bf 109E-4 (1096) 6+ of 1/JG54 was shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines of 19 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 11.15. Aircraft crashed into 6 Hardy Street, Maidstone, Uffz F. Hotzelmann baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5291) of 3/JG54 shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne of 17 Squadron and Sergeant E. Scott of 222 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.20. Aircraft crashed at Little Chalvedon Hall, Bowers Gifford, Pitsea, Hptmn F. Ultsch was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5284) of 9/JG54 was shot down by Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 15.20. Aircraft crashed at South Benfleet, Fw H. Dettmer baled out but his parachute failed and was found dead at Station Lane in Pitsea Marshes.

He 111H-3 (3324) V4+AB of 1/KG1 shot down by Pilot Officer M.J. Herrick and Sergeant J. S. Pugh of 25 Squadron whilst bombing Tilbury at 01.10. Aircraft crashed at Rendlesham, Eyke, Suffolk. Major L. Maier, Oberfw E. Stockert, Uffz H. Bendig and Oberlt J-W. Graf Von Rittberg were all killed but Oberlt H-D. Biebrach baled out and captured.

He 111P (3065) 5J+JP of 6/KG4 was hit by anti-aircraft fire during a bombing sortie at 23.18 and the aircraft crashed at Suffolk Street, Sunderland. Oberlt H-W. Schroder, Uffz F. Reitz, Obergefr R. Marten and Gefr J. Wich were all killed and buried at Hylton Cemetery, Castletown.

He 111H-2 (2632) A1+GR of 7/KG53 shot down by Sergeant C.A. Chew and Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron, Squadron Leader M.W.S. Robinson of 73 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea, West of Margate Hook Beacon. Fw H. Bohn baled out but his body was washed ashore at Reculver on 3 October 1940, Uffz K. Bickl, Uffz F. Bolz, Uffz F. Bolz, Uffz F. Rosenberger and Gefr K. Haak were all missing believed killed.

He 111H-3 (3338) A1+CR of 7/KG53 was shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Flying Officer M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron, Sergeant J.J. Brimble of 73 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Nore. Fw A. Maier and Uffz H. Lenger rescued by Royal Navy launch, Fw E. Agner, Uffz R. Armbruster and Gefr A. Nowotny were missing believed drowned.

Wednesday 4th September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched two major attacks during the day which focused on RAF airfields and aircraft factories. Over the course of the morning bombs were dropped on Eastchurch, Lympne and Bradwell-on-Sea aerodromes. The afternoon saw concentrated and devastating attacks on Short Brothers factory in Rochester, Pobjoy Works in Chatham and Vickers Armstrongs Factory at Weybridge. During the night attacks started at 20.00 and finished at 04.50 the next day with Bristol, Bath, Gloucester, Manchester, Liverpool, Southport, North East, East and West Midlands and Wales were bombed. Total civilian casualties amounted to 89 killed and 453 injured. The Germans lost 28 aircraft and 11 damaged.

In Germany, Hitler gave a speech at the Sportpalast in Berlin that would change the Luftwaffe tactics in the Battle of Britain but also have strategic implications for the entire Second World War. In retaliation for the RAF Bomber Command attacks on German cities he ordered the destruction of British cities which switched away from RAF Fighter Command airfields, radar stations and aircraft manufacturing sites.

Bf 110D/0 (3390) S9+AB of ErproGr210 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.F. Doe of 234 Squadron and Flying Officer C.J. Riddle of 601 Squadron during combat at 13.25. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Littlehampton, Hptmn H. Von Boltenstern was missing believed killed and Fw F. Schneider’s body was washed ashore at Newhaven.

Bf 110D (3303) L1+BK of 14/LG1 shot down by 253 Squadron during combat over Brooklands at 13.45. Aircraft crashed at Waterloo Fram, West Horsley, Fw K. Rohring was killed and buried at Brookwood Military Cemetery but Uffz J. Jackel baled out and captured.

Bf 110D (3306) L1+FK of 14/LG1 was shot down by 253 Squadron whilst in combat over Brooklands at 13.45. Aircraft crashed at Upper Common, Netley, Dorking, Oberlt M. Junge and Uffz K. Bremser were both killed and buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery.

Bf 110C-4 (2116) 3M+AA of ZG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant T.F. Dalton-Morgan and Sergeant G.W. Jefferys of 43 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.T. Gilbert of 601 Squadron and Pilot Officer H.W. Moody of 602 Squadron during combat over the Sussex Coast at 13.50. Aircraft force landed at Mill Hill, Shoreham Downs (see image below), Oberlt W. Schaefer and Uffz H. Bendjus were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3602) M8+AC of 2/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer A.D. Nesbitt of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 13.35. Aircraft crashed at Little Butts Farm, Cousley Wood, Wadhurst, Oberlt H. Weeber and Uffz M. Michael were both captured.

Bf 110C (3287) M8+IM of 5/JG76 was shot down by Flying Officers B.D. Russell and G.C.B. Peters of 1 (RCAF) and 79 Squadrons respectfully during combat over London at 13.45. Aircraft crashed in the Channel off Pevensey Bay, Oberlt E-H. Fr Von Schlotheim and Uffz G. Hommel were both rescued and captured.

Bf 110C (2089) M8+CP of 6/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer R. Smither of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat over Tunbridge Wells at 13.23. Aircraft crashed at Smarts Hill, Penshurst, Oberlt G. Piduhn and Uffz R. Condne were both killed and buried in Tonbridge Cemetery.

Bf 110C-4 (3254) 2N+BM of 3/ZG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.C. Upton of 43 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.25. Aircraft crashed at High Salvington, Findon, Worthing, Oberlt W. Schiller and Fw H. Winkler both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-1 (2837) 2N+DP of 3/ZG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant T.F. Dalton-Morgan of 43 Squadron and Sergeant M.C. B. Boddington of 234 Squadron during combat over Shoreham. Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Washington, Pulborough, Oberlt H. Florenz and Gefr R. Herbert were both missing believed killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3563) 2N+HM of 7/KG76 was shot down by 234 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.35. Aircraft force landed at Portway, Steyning, Uffz W. Schultis and Uffz R. Bileck were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3101) 2N+CN of 8/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer P.W. Horton and Sergeant Z. Klein of 234 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.45. Aircraft crashed at Black Patch Hill, Patching, Angmering, Oberlt H. Munich and Uffz A. Kaser were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 2N+KP of 9/KG76 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.20. Aircraft crashed at Coatwood Farm, Wisborough Green, Oberlt K. Raetsch and Obergefr W. Hempel were both killed.

Tuesday 3rd September 1940

The Lufftwaffe attacks again focused on RAF airfields with Debden, Hornchurch and North Weald being bombed during the day. During the night the areas of the Mersey Estuary, Bristol Channel, Kent and Tyne were bombed. Also extensive minelaying along the entire East Coast, South Coast as far as Poole, Bristol Channel and Mersey Estuary. Total civilian casualties amounted to 10 killed and 87 injured. The Germans lost 19 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Do 17Z-2 (3450) U5+AN of 5/KG2 was shot down by 17 Squadron comprising Pilot Officers H.A.C. Bird-Wilson, J.K. Ross, D.H. Wissler, D.C. Leary, Sergeant D.A. Sewell and Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne during a mission to bomb North Weald at 10.30. Aircraft crashed at Pyefleet Creek on Lodge Farm, Lagenhoe. Lt H. Schildt, Uffz E. Swindek and Gefr P. Niegisch were all killed but Fw M. Kriegal baled out and was captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3120) 3M+BK of I/ZG2 shot down by Flight Sergeant G.C. Unwin of 19 Squadron, Pilot Officer J.M.V. Carpenter of 222 Squadron and Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 11.00. Aircraft crashed at Edwins Hall, Stowmaries, Oberlt R. Messner and Uffz A. Santoni both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (2146) 3M+BK of 1/ZG2 was shot down by Sergeant E. Scott of 222 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 10.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Reculver, Oberlt S. Gottschalt and Uffz M. Hoffman both baled out and rescued.

Bf 110C-4 (2133) 3M+HL of 2/ZG2 collided with Bf 110 during combat at 10.50 and crashed at Rye Hill, Thornwood, Epping (see image below of wreckage with soldiers around the tailplane). Oberlt K. Muller baled out and captured but Uffz J. Korn killed.

Bf 110C-4 (2065) 3M+EK of 2/ZG2 collided with Bf 110 during combat at 10.45 and aircraft crashed at Hobbs Cross, Harlow (see image below of wreckage with local civilians in the background). Fw K. Wagenbreth and Uffz A. Schubarth both baled out too low and killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3133) 3M+EL of 3/ZG2 shot down by Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin, Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne and Pilot Officer D.H. Wissler of 17 Squadron during combat at 11.18. Aircraft crashed at Pudsey Hall Farm, Canewdon, Rayleigh (see image of fin with soldiers), Oberfw G. Winkler and Gefr O. Weiler both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3294) U8+KL of 3/ZG26 was shot down by RAF fighters over Southend with the aircraft force landing at Fontend. Pilot was captured but Uffz H. Klatt baled out and drowned with his body washed ashore at Southend.

Bf 110D (3310) 3U+EP of 6/ZG26 shot down by Sub Lt J.C. Carpenter of 46 Squadron and Flying Officer M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over Wickford at 10.30. Aircraft crashed at Mundon, Maldon, Lt W. Manhart and Uffz W. Drews both captured.

Bf 110C-2 (3225) 3U+KR of 7/ZG26 was shot down by Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron and Flying Officer D.A.P. McMullen, Pilot Officers C.F. Gray and S. Baker of 54 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 10.38. Aircraft crashed at North Shoebury House, Southend, Fw H. Grau captured but Uffz G. Uecker was captured but died of his wounds the next day.

Monday 2nd september 1940

Luftwaffe launched five attacks during the day which focused on the RAF airfields in Kent, Essex and Middlesex. The bulk of these attacks were repulsed but Maidstone and Rochester were both bombed. During the night, German attacks were limited but Birkenhead, Birmingham, Sutton Coldfield, Blyth, Harwich, Llandarcy and London were bombed. Civilian casualties amounted to 9 killed and 53 injured. The Germans lost 37 aircraft and 17 damaged.

Bf 109E-1 (6115) of 4/JG2 was shot down by Sergeant G.W. Jefferys of 43 Squadron whilst in combat over Ashford at 13.13. Aircraft crashed at Cale Hill Park, Little Chart, Uffz A. Glomb was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1452) 12+- of 4/JG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.C. Reynell of 43 Squadron whilst in combat at 13.30. Aircraft crashed at West Hythe, Lympne Castle, Uffz E. Von Stein captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3861) of 9/JG2 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire over Tilbury at 13.10. The aircraft crashed at Streets Farm, Ulcombe, Maidstone and Lt W. Kluge was killed trying to bale out too low and buried at All Saints, Ulcombe.

Bf 109E-1 (4807) of 1/JG51 shot down by Pilot Officer G.D. Gribble of 54 Squadron at 08.00. Aircraft crashed at Nethersole Farm, Womenswold, Lt G. Ruttowski was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (4850) of 1/JG51 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.A. Leathart of 54 Squadron whilst in combat over Maidstone at 08.00. Aircraft crashed at South Poston, Leeds Castle, Lt H. Thorl was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1261) 12+ of 1/JG52 shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Ambrose of 46 Squadron during combat over Eastchurch at 17.40. Aircraft crashed at Tile Lodge Farm, Hoath, Westbere, Canterbury, Fw H. Verlings captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3584) 14+ of 1/JG53 was shot down by Flying Officer A.A.G. Trueman of 253 Squadron and Sergeant J.H. Lacey of 501 Squadron whilst in combat over Rochester at 08.17. Aircraft crashed at Hythe, Uffz W.Karl was captured.

Bf 109E of 3/JG53 shot down by 501 Squadron at 08.50. Aircraft crashed at Bridge Farm Field, Bilsington, pilot killed and not identified, his remains buried in Aylesham Cemetery.

Bf 109E-4 (1574) of III/JG54 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Morton of 603 Squadron whilst in combat over Sheerness at 12.55. Aircraft crashed at Mountain Street, Chilham, Oberlt E. Schelcher was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3470) 2+ of 8/JG54 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.B.L. Hillcoat of 1 Squadron during combat over Dungeness at 16.45. Aircraft crashed at Finns Farm, Kingsnorth, Ashford, Uffz H. Elbers was captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3629) 5K+BT of 9/KG3 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.A. Barton and Pilot Officer J.R.B. Meaker of 249 Squadron during a mission to bomb Eastchurch at 09.15. Aircraft crashed at Rochford airfield, Uffz K. Hilbrecht was killed. Oberlt U. Rohr, Uffz K. Seidel and Fw O. Sprink were all captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3622) 3M+HK of 2/ZG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant E. Graham of 72 Squadron at 13.00. Aircraft crashed at Hougham, Dover, Lt G. Schipper and Gefr T. Schockenhoff both captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3629) A2+KL of 6/ZG2 was shot down by Flight Sergeant J. Steere of 72 Squadron at 12.45. Aircraft crashed at Vensons Farm, Eastry, Fw L. Beil and Obergefr J. Oehl were both killed.

Bf 110D-1 (3309) U8+DK of 2/ZG26 shot down by Sergeant W.T.E. Rolls of 72 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 08.10. Aircraft crashed at White Horse Wood, Birling, Fw K. Schutz was killed and Uffz H. Stuwe baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3536) 3U+GN of 5/ZG26 was shot down by 72 and 249 Squadrons during combat over Thames Estuary at 09.00. Aircraft crashed in the Sea off Nore, Oberfw K. Rochel and Uffz W. Schoffler were both rescued and captured.

Bf 110C (3226) M8+DM of 4/ZG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant D.G. Parnall of 249 Squadron at 16.40. Aircraft crashed at Frith Farm, Laindon Road, Billericay (see image below of wreckage being guarded by soldiers), Oberlt K. Wrede and Uffz R. Kukawka were both killed.

Sunday 1st September 1940

Luftwaffe activity was reduced but three major attacks occured that targeted Biggin Hill, Kenley, Gravesend, Hornchurch and North Weald in the morning. The second wave in the early afternoon bombed Biggin Hill and Kenley airfields. The final raid bombed Dunkirk radar station near Faversham. During the night, Kent, Bristol Channel, South Wales, Tyne and Tees, Detling airfield, Dunkirk, Rye were bombed and minelaying off Tyne/Tees, Humber, Thames Estuary, Dungeness and Poole. Civilian casualties amounted to 51 killed and 189 injured. The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 11 damaged. Images below show captured German airmen being escorted to prison camps.

Bf 109E-1 (3892) 11+1 of 7/JG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Gray of 54 Squadron whilst in combat at 14.03. Aircraft force landed Newbridge Iden, Rye, Lt J. Burschgens captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1902) of I/JG52 shot down by 616 Squadron at 10.30. Aircraft crashed at Burnt Oaks, Capel Farm, Orlestone, Oberfw P. Gerber was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (4020) of III/JG53 was shot down by Sergeant J. Stokoe of 603 Squadron during combat over Kent at 17.00. Aircraft crashed at Bush Field, Hurst Farm, Chilham, Oberlt O. Bauer was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5087) 10+I of 7/JG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.B.L. Hillcoat of 1 Squadron and Sergeant G. Goodman of 85 Squadron whilst in combat over the Channel at 11.40. Aircraft crashed at Strand Bridge, Winchelsea, Lt H. Strasser baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1277) 14+ of 5/JG54 collided with another Bf 109 during combat over Ashford at 11.15. Aircraft crashed at Haberdashers Wood, Ruckinge, Bonnington, Oberlt A. Stangl baled out and captured.

Do 17Z (3369) F1+AT of 9/KG76 was shot down by Sergeant G. Allard and Sergeant H.N. Howes of 85 Squadron whilst bombing Kenley airfield at 14.30. Aircraft crashed at Tarts Field, Lydd, Dungeness Point. Uffz M. Maasen, Fw H. Wohner and Oberfw W. Illg all baled out and captured but Gefr G. Spiess was killed and buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 110 L1+OH of 13/LG1 shot down by Pilot Officer C.E. English of 85 Squadron and 616 Squadron whilst attacking Biggin Hill airfield at 14.00. Aircraft crashed at Tarpot Farm, Bilsington, Oberfw R. Kobert and Fw W. Meinig were both captured.

Bf 110 of 15/LG1 was shot down by Pilot Officer P.F. Mayhew of 79 Squadron and Flying Officer T.A.F. Elsdon of 72 Squadron whilst in combat over Edenbridge at 14.45. Aircraft crashed at Hosey Wood, Brasted, Fw M. Jackel and Flgr . Rosler both missing believed killed with their bodies buried in St Martin’s Churchyard in Brasted.

Saturday 31st August 1940

The Luftwaffe attacks during the day would inflict the greatest losses on the RAF of the whole Battle and by night bombing of British cities continued. Three major raids developed in the early morning, midday and evening along with reconnissance of the Thames Estuary, Hornchurch and Kenley airfields to assess damage already inflicted. Over the course of the morning the Germans bombed North Weald, Debden, Eastchurch airfields and Duxford was targeted but repulsed through determined attacks. At midday, raids were launched against Croydon Airport and Biggin Hill airfield with a seperate bombing attack against Hornchurch airfield. The final raid again targeted Biggin Hill and Hornchurch airfields. During the night. Liverpool, Mersey Estuary, Leeds, Bradford and Stepney in London were bombed. Total civilian casualties amounted to 49 killed and 598 injured. The Luftwaffe lost 38 aircraft and 25 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (5339) of 3/JG3 was shot down by Flying Officer B.J.G. Carbury and Pilot Officer B.G. Stapleton of 603 Squadron and Flight Sergeant F.W. Higginson of 56 Squadron during combat over London at 18.50. Aircraft crashed at Whalebone Lane Gunsite, Chadwell Heath, Oberlt J. Loidolt baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1503) of 3/JG3 shot down by Sergeant J. Stokoe of 603 Squadron during combat over London at 18.20. Aircraft crashed in the gardens between Anne Street and Robert Street in Plumstead, Oberlt W. Binder was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (1082) 4+ of 3/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron whilst in combat over London at 18.45. Aircraft crashed at Shoeburyness beach, Oberlt H. Rau was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3175) of 4/JG3 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London and aircraft crashed into the Channel off Dover. Lt R. Von Larisch’s body was recovered from the Sea, identified and buried at Sea.

Bf 109E-4 (1475) of 6/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer W.H. Millington of 79 Squadron whilst in combat over Kent at 18.30. Aircraft force landed on Lydd Ranges near Dungeness, Oberlt K. Westerhoff was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4806) of I/JG26 shot down by Flying Officer B.J.G. Carbury of 603 Squadron during combat over Hornchurch at 12.45. Aircraft crashed at Bridge Road, Rainham and Oberlt L. Hafer baled out and was killed when his parachute didn’t open and his body was found in Ingrebourne Creek.

Bf 109E-1 (6309) of 7/JG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer B.E. Christmas of 1 (RCAF) Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 17.40. Aircraft crashed at Knatts Valley, Stansted, Uffz H. Liebeck baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3464) of 7/JG26 shot down by Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 18.30. Aircraft crashed at Mill House Farm, Allington, Fw H. Klar was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1184) 10+1 of 9/KG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Gray of 54 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 18.45. Aircraft force landed at Jubilee Hall Farm, Ulcombe, Oberlt W. Fronhofer was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5105) 13+ of 1/JG77 shot down by Flight Lieutenant M.L. Robinson of 601 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 13.00. Aircraft force landed at Gates Farm, High Halden near Tenterden, Oberlt H-J. Ehrig captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3652) 9+ of 1/JG77 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.K. MacDonald of 603 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 13.25. Aircraft crashed at Court Farm, Hunton, Fw W. Evers died of his injuries and buried in Maidstone Cemetery.

Bf 109E-1 (4068) 8+ of 1/JG77 shot down by 501 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 13.20. Aircraft crashed at Boxley, Uffz F-X. Keck baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6092) of 1/JG77 was shot down by Sergeant R.N. Taylor of 601 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant A.I. Robinson of 222 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 13.20. Aircraft force landed at Shornemead Fort, Gravesend, Fw G. Kramer captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4448) 4+ of 1/JG77 shot down by Pilot Officer G.D. Gribble and Sergeant J.K. Norwell of 54 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Hornchurch at 13.15. Aircraft crashed at Brook House Farm, Navestock, Romford, Lt J. Petrenko rescued from the wreckage and admitted to hospital.

Bf 109E-1 (4076) of 2/JG77 was shot down by Flying Officer B.J.G. Carbury of 603 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant D.E. Gillam of 616 Squadron during combat at 09.30. Aircraft crashed at Elham Park Wood, Oberlt E. Priebe baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3264) 5K+KM of 4/KG3 shot down by Flying Officer W.P. Clyde of 601 Squadron after bombing Hornchurch airfield at 13.25. Aircraft force landed at Eastwick Farm, Burnham-on-Crouch. Oberlt H. Gahrtz, Gefr E. Neumann and Oberfw A. Bulach were all captured but Uffz E-A. Bock died of his wounds three days later.

Do 17Z-3 (2669) 5K+LM of 4/KG3 was shot down by RAF fighters and anti-aircraft fire whilst bombing Hornchurch at 13.40. Aircraft force landed at Sandwich Flats near Princes Golf Club (see image below of smoking wreckage). Oberfw W. Lange, Uffz F. Krostopotsch, Fw H. Berndt (see image of him on stretcher) and Fw H. Wunsch were all captured.

Do 17Z-3 (3414) 5K+GN of 5/KG3 shot down by RAF fighters after bombing Hornchurch airfield at 13.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea near South Goodwins. Uffz H. Blasche, Fw E. Gudat and Uffz W. Sonntag were all captured but Fw B. Nickel missing believed killed.

Do 17Z (3316) F1+BK of 2/KG76 was shot down by Sergeant M.H. Pocock of 72 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hornchurch at 18.05. Aircraft force landed at Newchurch, Dungeness. Lt J. Kleppmeier, Uffz A. Bloss, Oberfw H. Lang and Fw H. Pfaehler were all captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3381) S9+GK of 2/ErproGr210 shot down by RAF fighters whilst attacking West Malling airfield at 13.15. Aircraft force landed at Stansted, Wrotham Hill. Uffz Glaske captured but Obergefr K. Schweda killed.

Bf 110 of 14/LG1 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.T. Gilbert of 601 Squadron whilst in combat over Thames Estuary at 09.05. Aircraft crashed into the Sea near Foreness, Lt K-J. Eichorn rescued by a fishing boat but Uffz R. Growe missing believed killed.

Bf 110 L1+AK of 14/LG1 shot down by Flight Lieutenant C.R. Davis of 601 Squadron whilst in combat over the Thames Estuary at 09.10. Aircraft crashed into the Sea near Nore lightship, Fw G. Fritz and Obergefr K. Dopfer were both captured.

Bf 109E-7 (5600) of 3/LG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer M. Feric of 303 Squadron whilst in combat over Biggin Hill at 18.45. Aircraft crashed at Chathill Park Farm, Crowhurst. Oberlt H. Von Perthes baled out died of his wounds on 14 September at Royal Herbert Hospital in Woolwich.

Bf 110D (3396) 3U+HS of 8/ZG26 shot down by Flying Officer L.R.G. Mitchell of 257 Squadron whilst in combat over the Thames Estuary at 08.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea between Colne Point and East Mersea. Oberlt E. Von Bergen and Uffz H. Becker baled out and rescued by Royal Navy launch.

Friday 30th August 1940

This day would see the hardest fighting of the Battle of Britain thus far with four major attacks mounted during the day and widespread bombing throughout the night. In the morning raids centered on Eastchurch and Biggin Hill aerodromes. The evening attack had a devasting effect on the Vauxhall Motor Factory in Luton with more than 30 killed and Biggin Hill aerodrome. The airfields at Kenley, North Weald, Hornchurch, Debden, Lympne, Luton and Detling were all bombed. During the night, London, Midlands, Manchester, Wrexham, Derby, Nottingham, Leatherhead, Dorking and Essex were bombed. Civilian deaths numbered more than 40 killed and 285 injured. The Luftwaffe lost 41 aircraft and 11 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (2765) 1+- of 4/JG2 shot down in combat over Chatham at 16.55 with the aircraft crashing at Walderslade. Oberfw K. Harbauer was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3771) 12+ of 3/JG27 was shot down by Flying Officer B.J.G. Carbury of 603 Squadron whilst in combat over London at 16.45. Aircraft force landed at Westwood Court near Faversham, Fw E. Arnold was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6270) 6+ of 3/JG27 shot down by Sergeant A.R. Sarre of 603 Squadron during combat over London at 17.00. Aircraft force landed at Park House, Westwell, Oberlt E. Axthelm was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1643) <-+ of II/JG54 collided with Oberlt Rath during combat over Biggin Hill at 11.55. Aircraft crashed at Oxted and Lt R. Ziegler was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (6072) 6+ of 4/JG54 collided with Lt R. Ziegler during combat over Biggin Hill at 11.55. Aircraft crashed at Fickleshole Farm, Chelsham, Oberlt H. Rath baled out and captured.

He 111H-2 (2720) V4+BV of 5/KG1 was brought down by Pilot Officer E.J. Morris of 79 Squadron whilst in combat over Reigate at 11.12. Aircraft crashed at Swires Farm, Capel, Oberfw W. Hornig, Oberfw G. Stahlberg and Gefr Dr K. Heimel were all killed. Hptmn R. Bass and Oberlt P. Frohlisch were both captured.

He 111H-2 (5444) V4+GV of 5/KG1 shot down by Sergeant G. Allard of 85 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Farnborough at 11.30 Aircraft crashed at Mannings Heath, Oberlt P. Waechter and Gefr G. Malbeck were both killed. Obergefr W. Monninghoff, Gefr H. Struger and Gefr W. Hofer were all captured.

He 111H-2 (5125) V4+MV of 5/KG1 was shot down by Sergeant R.A. Beardsley of 610 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Farnborough at 11.40. Aircraft crashed in the Sea off Folkestone, Uffz E. Burger, Gefr H. Hildebrandt, Gefr H. Roggemann, Gefr W. Feierabend and Gefr W. Klappholz were all rescued by boat and captured.

He 111H-2 (3305) V4+HV of 5/KG1 shot down by Pilot Officer J.P.B. Greenwood of 253 Squadron whilst on a bombing mission to Farnborough at 11.35. Aircraft crashed at Haxted Farm, Lingfield, Gefr W. Reis was killed, Fw H. Schnabel, Uffz E. Paeslack, Uffz E. Stark and Gefr H. Groth were all captured.

He 111H-2 (2750) V4+DW of 6/KG1 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.O.J. Pegge of 610 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Farnborough at 11.20. Aircraft crashed at Roy Hill, Hadlow Down near Uckfield. Oberfw K-H. Rauschert and Flgr R. Zinnogger were both killed, Oberfw K. Riemann, Fw R. Vester and Uffz W. Stein all baled out and captured.

He 111H-2 (5532) A1+JL of 3/KG53 shot down by Flying Officer J.W. Cutts and Sergeant P.O. Davis of 222 Squadron and Pilot Officer N.P.W. Hancock and Sergeant H.J. Merchant of 1 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hatfield at 16.35. Aircraft crashed at Lifstan Way, Southend. Fw E. Von Kuehnheim, Uffz A. Saam and Uffz O. Fischer were all killed. Lt W. Rosler and Uffz H. Gall both baled out and captured.

He 111H-2 (3142) A1+BN of 5/KG53 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant E.J. Gracie of 56 Squadron after bombing Radlett airfield at 16.30. Aircraft crashed at Colne Engaine, Halstead, Oberfw T. Dietrich was killed. Fw A. Hummel, Fw F. Steinberg, Fw A. Fellner and Uffz T. Hugenschutz were all captured.

He 111H-2 (2782) A1+JP of 6/KG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant G.E. Ball and Flying Officer N.K. Stansfeld of 242 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Radlett airfield at 16.35. Aircraft force landed at Goodman’s Farm close to Manston aerodrome. Fw F. Eckert was killed and buried at St John’s Cemetery in Margateand Gefr H-G. Kohler died three days later from his injuries and buried at St Lawrence’s Churchyard at Ramsgate. Gefr A. Klapp, Gefr F. Gluck and Fw K. Stockl were all captured.

He 111H-2 (6818) A1+GP of 6/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officers K.H. Blair and F. Surma of 151 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Radlett airfield at 16.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off the Isle of Sheppey, Uffz G. Rascher, Uffz W. Roempert, Uffz H. Wagner, Uffz A. Schall and Uffz G. Keuerleben were all rescued from their dinghy and captured.

He 111H-2 A1+CR of 7/KG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant W.H. Rhodes-Moorhouse, Pilot Officer H.T. Gilbert, Sergeant R.N. Taylor and Pilot Officer T. Grier of B Flight, 601 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Radlett airfield at 16.30. Aircraft crashed near The Rectory, Hunsdon, Gefr F. Reiss was killed. Gefr L. Stilp died later in the day from his injuries. Fw W. Kusserow, Fw G. Distler and Lt E. Fischbach were all captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3315) A2+HK of 5/ZG2 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant G.P. Christie of 242 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 16.50. Aircraft crashed at Rochfords Nursery, Durrants Road, Ponders End. Hptmn A. Schuldt and Uffz K. Dyroff were both killed.

Bf 110C-2 (3496) 3U+KP of 6/ZG26 shot down by Wing Commander F.V. Beamish and Flying Officer I.B. Westmacott of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 16.30. Aircraft force landed at Mill Hill Farm, Rettenden, Uffz R. Franke and Uffz W. Hubner were both captured.

Bf 110C (3257) M8+BM of 4/ZG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer W.L. McKnight of 242 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 16.55. Aircraft crashed at Enfield Sewage Farm, Wharf Road, Ponders End. Hptmn H. Wagner and Stabsfw A. Schmidt were both killed.

Bf 110C (3615) M8+MM of 4/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer L.W. Paszkiewicz of 303 Squadron and Pilot Officer B.J. Wicks of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 16.30. Aircraft crashed at Barley Beans Farm, Kimpton, Oberfw G. Anthony was killed and buried at Hitchin Cemetery. Uffz H. Nordmeier baled out but paralysed as a result of heavy landing.

Thursday 29th August 1940

Luftwaffe daylight attacks were reduced but night time bombing stepped up with a particular emphasis on Liverpool. Daylight attacks included the Scilly Isles, Wareham and Dover, the latter was an attempt to engage RAF fighters with a large numbers of German fighters but commanders realised that and didn’t engage on those terms. During the night, Tyne, Hartlepool, South Wales, Manchester and Liverpool which received the heaviest bombing of any British city of the War thus far. Civilian casualties amounted to 7 killed and 60 injured. The Germans lost 23 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (5338) 8+ of 2/JG3 was shot down by Sergeant G.B. Booth of 85 Squadron whilst in combat over the Channel at 15.25. Aircraft crashed near Pevensey RDF station, Oberfw B. Lampskemper was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (1134) of 4/JG3 shot down by fighters in combat over Hastings at 16.10. Aircraft crashed at Johnsons Lodge Field, Green Farm, Hooe, Oberlt J.Kipper was killed.

He 111H (3438) 1G+EL of 3/KG27 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.R. Wright of 92 Squadron whilst flying over Bristol at 23.45. Aircraft crashed into a house at Downton, Hale, Fordingbridge, see image below of wreckage. Oberlt H-J. Hunerbein, Uffz J. Schlosser, Uffz D. Siebers and Obergefr P. Walpert all baled out and captured.

Wednesday 28th August 1940

The Luftwaffe launched four major raids during the day and heavy bombing operations during the night. The first raid was a joint attack on Eastchurch and Rochford airfields, the latter airfield was attacked again after midday. Over the course of the afternoon a large force of German fighters flew over Kent to draw up RAF fighter defences. During the night, London, Liverpool, Sheffield and Midlands were heavily bombed with minelaying in the Wash, East Anglia, Thames Estuary, Beachy Head, Shoreham, Lyme Bay, Bristol Channel and Liverpool Bay.

Bf 109E-4 (941) of I/JG3 was shot down by Sergeant R.F. Hamlyn of 601 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant P.S. Weaver of 56 Squadron in combat over Dover at 16.25. Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Church Whitfield. Lt H-H. Landry baled out but died of his injuries on 23 September 1940.

Bf 109E-4 (5146) of III/JG3 shot down by Sergeant J.K. Norwell of 54 Squadron during combat at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Pudding Island, Shuarts Marshes, Oberfw K. Trebing was killed.

Bf 109E (2743) of JG26 was shot down by fighters whilst in combat over Canterbury at 08.50. Aircraft crashed at Chartham Downs, Oberlt G. Beyer baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1353) 13+1 of 7/KG26 shot down by 501 Squadron whilst on an escort mission to Eastchurch at 09.30. Aircraft crashed at Goodnestone House Farm, Goodnestone, Fw K. Straub was captured.

Go 145B (1115) SM+NQ of JG27 accidently landed on Race Hill, Hope-in-the-Valley, Lewes at 17.40. Uffz L. Buckle was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5395) of JG51 was shot down by 501 Squadron whilst in combat over Canterbury at 09.10. Aircraft crashed at South Barham Farm, Denton, Oberlt E. Kircheis baled out and captured with a broken leg.

Bf 109E-4 (1523) 14+ of 7/KG51 shot down by Sergeant G. Smythe of 56 Squadron and Pilot Officer G.K. Gilroy of 603 Squadron during combat over Dover at 16.55. Aircraft crashed in Garden Wood, Poultham Farm, South Alkham, Oberfw A. Dau baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6204) 4+ of 1/JG54 was shot down by Squadron Leader G.L. Denholm of 603 Squadron whilst in combat over Dungeness at 19.15. Aircraft crashed at Copt Hill Farm, Capel, Fw O. Schottle was captured.

Do 17Z-3 (4251) 5K+LP of 6/KG3 shot down by Squadron Leader J.A. Leathart of 54 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hornchurch airfield at 12.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea, North of Foreness Point. Lt P. Krug, Gefr A. Burghardt (see image below being carried on a stretcher), Gefr W. Gailer and Flgr A. Bruckmann were all rescued by fishing boats ‘Persevere’, ‘Golden Spray’ and lifeboat ‘J.B. Proudfoot’.

Tuesday 27th August 1940

Squadron Leader M.V. Blake

Luftwaffe activity was limited by both day and night and confined to reconnaissance over the South East and light attacks on Scilly Isles airport and London. Civilian casualities amounted to 29 deaths and 70 injured. The Germans lost 11 aircraft and 10 damaged.

Do 17P 5D+JL of 3(F)/31 was shot down by Squadron Leader M.V. Blake and Pilot Officer B.B. Considine of 238 Squadron whilst engaged on a reconnaissance mission at 10.30. Aircraft force landed at Hurdwick Farm, Tavistock, Lt W. Haffan, Fw G. Klauschenke and Gefr J. Schlesjel were all captured.

He 111H-2 (5376) V4+CD of III/KG1 shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst on a mission to bomb factories in Coventry at 02.31. Aircraft crashed in Manor Avenue, Caterham, see image below of wreckage. Major W. Fanelsa, Fw F. Meyer, Oberfw A. Vetter, Oberfw E. Braunsburger and Gefr G. Zimpel all baled out and captured.

Monday 26th August 1940

The Luftwaffe launch major attacks by both day and night concentrating on air defences, ports and industry. The first major raid came at midday that aimed to attack Kenley and Biggin Hill airfields but driven back by substantial fighter defences and bombing was diverted to Folkestone, Margate and Broadstairs. The second wave of attacks aimed at Hornchurch, North Weald and Debden airfields, the attack on the latter airfield succeeded as commanders fearing an attack on London diverted defences accordingly. The last major raid of the day was spread across a thirty mile front which bombed Portsmouth and Southampton. During the night bombing commenced at 21.25 and continued to 03.00 the next day. London, Midlands, Devon, Bristol, South Wales, Newcastle and Middlesbrough were the targets with mine laying off Plymouth, Whitby, Tyne, Orkneys and Kinnairds Head. Civilian casualties amounted to 36 killed and 124 injured. The Germans lost 43 aircraft including 2 seaplanes destroyed by bombing of Tromso and 14 damaged.

Bf 109E-4 (5383) of 2/JG2 was shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officer A.E.A. van den Hove d’Ertsenrijck of 43 Squadron in combat over Portsmouth at 17.25. Aircraft crashed at Blendworth, Horndean, Oberlt H-T. Grisebach baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5289) of 4/JG3 shot down by Flying Officer K.J. Marston of 56 Squadron whilst in combat with a Defiant at 12.25. Aircraft crashed on Chislet Marshes, Grays Farm, Reculver, Uffz W. Finke was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3874) of 6/JG3 was shot down by Flying Officer K.J. Marston during combat over Thanet at 12.20. Aircraft crashed at Shuart’s Marshes, St Nicholas at Wade, Uffz F. Buchner was killed and his body recovered in 1984.

Bf 109E-1 1+ of 2/JG52 was shot down by fighters over Ramsgate at 15.15 with the aircraft crashing at Acol, Isle of Thanet. Obergefr W. Malecki was captured.

Bf 109E-1 2+ of 2/JG52 shot down by fighters over Ramsgate at 15.30 with the aircraft crashing near the Club House, Sandwich Golf Club. Fw A. Bacher was captured.

Bf 109E-1 of 3/JG52 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant J. Ellis of 610 Squadron during combat over the Channel at 11.55. Aircraft crashed into the Sea near Copt Point, Fw A. Zieger was rescued.

Do 17Z-3 U5+GK of 2/KG2 shot down by 85 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hornchurch airfield at 15.45. Aircraft crashed at Eastchurch, Major M. Gutzmann, Uffz H. Buhr, Uffz A. Schmolzer were all captured but Oberlt S. Hertel was killed.

Do 17Z-3 U5+LK of 2/KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer P.A. Worrall and Sergeant G. Allard of 85 Squadron, Sergeant J.R. Kilner and Flight Lieutenant G.A.W. Saunders of 65 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hornchurch airfield at 15.40. Aircraft force landed on Rochford airfield, Hptmn H. Fosse, Uffz T. Lunghard, Uffz E. Schmidt and Obergefr J. Roeder were all captured.

Do 17Z-3 U5+LR of 7/KG2 shot down by 1 (RCAF) Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Debden airfield at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Highams Farm, Waldon Road, Thaxted, Fw W. Hohenstadter and Uffz R. Gussmann both baled out and captured but Oberlt K-H. Heidenreich and Fw J. Panczak were both killed and buried in Saffron Walden Cemetery.

Do 17Z-3 (1207) U5+ of 7/KG2 was shot down by 1 (RCAF) Squadron after bombing Debden airfield at 15.40. Aircraft force landed at Whepstead, Bury St Edmunds, Uffz F. Knorky, Uffz H. Schaffer, Uffz W. Simon and Gefr L. Schadt were all captured.

Do 17Z-2 U5+TR of 7/KG2 shot down by 1 (RCAF) Squadron after bombing Debden airfield at 15.30. Aircraft crashed at Cole End, Wimbish, Lt P. Kreiger, Uffz S. Illing, Uffz K. Winter and Gefr G. Schneider all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (1160) 5K+AR of 7/KG3 was shot down by fighters whilst on a mission to bomb West Malling airfield at 13.32. Aircraft force landed on the Goodwin Sands, Fw W. Essmert, Uffz H. Reinhardt and Uffz R. Ritzel all rescued but Gefr Huhn was killed.

Do 17Z-3 (2646) 5K+ER of 7/KG3 shot down by fighters on a mission to bomb West Malling airfield at 12.55. Aircraft force landed at Foreness Point, Isle of Thanet, Uffz R. Haupt was rescued, Lt K. Eggert was rescued but died of his wounds two days later, Obergefr W. Knochenmuss was killed and Obergefr K. Ramm was captured. The two crew members who died are buried in Margate Cemetery.

He 111P G1+BB of I/KG55 was shot down by Squadron Leader A.V.R. Johnstone of 602 Squadron, Squadron Leader J.V.C. Badger of 43 Squadron and 17 Squadron whilst on a bombing mission to Portsmouth at 16.30. Aircraft force landed at Helliers Farm, Wick, Littlehampton, Oberlt I. Krenn, Uffz H. Degan, Uffz H. Morrack, Fw A. Schreck and Uffz W. Schneiders were all captured.

He 111P (2124) G1+DM of 4/KG55 shot down by Sergeant B.E.P. Whall of 602 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.L. North of 43 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Portsmouth Docks at 16.30. The aircraft force landed on East Wittering beach, Lt A. Metzger was captured but Fw J. Urhahn, Uffz R. Schander, Uffz R. Paas and Flgr R. Fessel were all killed.

He 111P (2165) G1+GM of 4/KG55 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.L. North of 43 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Portsmouth Docks at 16.45. Aircraft crashed at West Brook Farm, Waterlooville, Uffz O. Schufft, Uffz F. Marmer, Flgr J. Wimmer were all captured but Oberfw O. Hennecke baled out too low and killed, buried in St Ann’s Hill Cemetery in Gosport.

Bf 110D/0 3U+CM of 4/ZG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant D.C. Bruce of 111 Squadron, Flying Officer I.B. Westmacott of 56 Squadron and Pilot Officer E. Frechtner of 310 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 15.15. Aircraft crashed at Great Tey, Oberfw K. Rosler and Uffz H. Heinrich were both killed.

Bf110C-4 3U+AT of 9/ZG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer F.B. Sutton of 56 Squadron, Pilot Officer P.J. Simpson and Sergeant T.Y. Wallace of 111 Squadron in combat at 15.25. Aircraft crashed at Crabtree Farm, Great Bentley, Fw W. Opper and Uffz P. Nick were both killed.

Sunday 25th August 1940

Luftwaffe day attacks came in late in the day and centred on Portland and Weymouth, there was also raids on Pembroke Dock, Scilly Isles, Dover, Isle of Sheppey and Fighter Command airfields. During the night there were widespread attacks on Tynemouth, Hartlepool, Stockton, Birmingham, Walsall, Coventry, Southampton, Plymouth, Acklington, White Waltham and Croydon. Total civilian casualties amounted to 24 killed and 88 injured. In revenge for German bomber attacks on London during the previous night, Bomber Command launched a limited bombing of Berlin. Luftwaffe lost 23 aircraft and 11 damaged.

Bf 109E-1 of 1/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer W. Beamont of 152 Squadron, Flying Officer R.P. Beamont of 87 Squadron and Sergeant R.T. Llewellyn of 213 Squadron whilst in combat over Weymouth at 17.40. Aircraft crashed at Tatton House Farm, Buckland, Gefr J. Broker captured but badly burned.

Bf 109E-4 of 6/JG53 shot down by Flying Officer K.W. Tait of 87 Squadron whilst in combat over Weymouth at 17.30. Aircraft crashed at Chesil Beach, Hptmn A. Maculan missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-4 of I/JG54 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Gray of 54 Squadron whilst in combat over Dover at 19.35. Aircraft crashed at St Nicholas at Wade, Oberlt H. Held was killed.

He 111P G1+CT of 9/KG55 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.G. Sanders of 615 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Harwell aerodrome at 00.30. Aircraft crashed in the Channel off Hastings. Fw A. Schmaderer baled out and rescued from the Sea, Gefr W. Klesatschek was killed and Lt G. Jerusel, Fw P. Niedel and Fw H. Alt were all missing believed killed.

Bf 110C-4 3M+AH of 1/ZG2 was shot down by Sergeant A.N. Feary of 609 Squadron and Flying Officer P.C. Webb of 602 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Creech Barrow near Wareham, Oberlt G. Goetz and Uffz K. Haupt baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (2123) 3M+CH of 1/ZG2 shot down by Squadron Leader H.S. Darley and Pilot Officer E.Q. Tobin of 609 Squadron, Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 18.00. The aircraft crashed at Winfrith, East Chaldon, Warmwell, Lt K. Westphal and Uffz J. Brief were both killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3208) 3M+KH of 1/ZG2 was shot down by Pilot Officers N. le C. Agazarian and G.N. Gaunt of 609 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Priory Farm, East Holme, Uffz S. Becker and Obergefr W. Wotzel both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3532) of 8/ZG76 shot down in combat over Portland at 17.30 with the aircraft crashing at Tatton House Farm, Buckland Ripers. Fw M. Dahne and Obergefr F. Muller were both missing believed killed.

Saturday 24th August 1940

The Luftwaffe would launch six major raids during the day concentrating on airfields, ports and rail communications. The first concentrated on Dover in the early morning but repulsed by RAF fighter defences. The second and third concentrated on sustained bombing of RAF Manston, Ramsgate and Dover. The fourth raid attacked the outskirts of London with bombs dropped on Upminster, Dagenham and Essex. The fifth raid focused on Portsmouth and Southampton causing substantial damage. The final attack got as far as Maidstone but again beaten back by determined defence. During the night, London (start of the Blitz), Birmingham, Devon, Bristol, Gloucester, South Wales, Liverpool, Sheffield, Bradford, Hull, Middlesbrough, Kent, Hampshire, Reading, Oxford, East Anglia and Newcastle were bombed. Minelaying missions off the Thames Estuary, East Anglia, North Foreland and Flamborough Head.

Bf 109E-4 10+ of 6/JG2 shot down during combat over the Isle of Wight at 16.30 and the aircraft crashed on Shanklin Down. Fw G. Ebus baled out but drowned with his body recovered by Royal Navy launch and buried at St Ann’s Hill Cemetery at Gosport.

Bf 109E-1 12+I of 9/JG3 was shot down at 16.00 with the aircraft crashing at Broom Hill Farm, Camber. Uffz W. Kaiser was captured.

Bf 109E-4 8+I of 9/JG3 shot down at 16.10 with the aircraft crashing off Reculver. Lt H. Achleitner baled out and rescued.

Bf 109E-4 (5587) 10+ of 6/JG51 was shot down by 32 and 264 Squadrons whilst escorting attacks on Manston airfield at 12.55. Aircraft crashed at East Langdon, see image above of the aircraft after landing, Oberfw H. Beeck was captured.

Bf 109E-1 9+ of 1/JG52 shot down by Pilot Officer G.D. Gribble of 54 Squadron whilst engaged in combat over the Thames Estuary at 15.45. The aircraft force landed at Minster Road, Westgate, see image below of aircraft after landing, Fw H. Bischoff was captured.

He 111H-2 of 9/KG53 was shot down by Sergeant W.L. Dymond of Yellow Section of 111 Squadron and Pilot Officer M.H. Young and Segeant L.P. Russell of 264 Squadron whilst bombing Hornchurch airfield at 16.00. The aircraft crashed at Layer-de-la-Haye, Uffz A. Kramer, Obergefr E. Gleissner and Fw E. Salomo were all killed, Major K. Ritscherle baled out but drowned in South Essex Waterworks and Uffz G. Schaffner baled out and captured.

He 111H-2 A1+BT of 9/KG53 shot down by 615 Squadron whilst bombing Hornchurch airfield at 16.10. Aircraft crashed at Langford Grove Road, Langford, Oberlt G. Huhn, Oberfw J. Schmid, Fw W. Jagher and Fw G. Ultsch were all killed, Gefr H. Zaunigk baled out and captured.

He 111H-2 A1+DT of 9/KG53 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.S. Weaver of 56 Squadron whilst bombing Hornchurch airfield at 17.20. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Brightlingsea, Uffz L. Dorn, Uffz O. Schmieding and Gefr W. Gollnitz were all missing believed killed, Hptmn H. Von Lonicer and Uffz E. Pegatzki baled out and rescued by Royal Navy launch.

He 111H-3 A1+KT of 9/KG53 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Squadron Leader J.R. Kayll and Pilot Officer J.A.P. McClintock of 615 Squadron whilst bombing Hornchurch airfield at 15.50. Aircraft crashed at Clay Tye Hill, Bulphan, see below for two images of wreckage, Lt W. Luttigen, Uffz O. Lackner, Fw A. Fraas, Uffz K. Platzer and Uffz H. Hermans were all captured.

He 111H-2 A1+LT of 9/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.L.W. Ellacombe of 151 Squadron whilst bombing Hornchurch airfield at 16.15. Aircraft force landed at Samuels Corner, Landwick, Great Wakering. Oberlt G. Winter, Fw A. Engelhardt, Uffz O. Wieck, Uffz H. Schmidt and Gefr W. Maurer were all captured.

Bf 109E-1 of 2/LG2 shot down by Flying Officer K.J. Marston of 56 Squadron whilst escorting an attack on Hornchurch airfield at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Mackledons Farm, Bobbing, Uffz H. Moller was killed.

Bf 109E-4 of 2/LG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer B.J. Wicks of 56 Squadron whilst escorting an attack on Hornchurch airfield at 16.00. Aircraft crashed on the banks of the River Crouch near Canewdon RDF Station, Uffz A. Buschmeyer baled out and captured.

Friday 23rd August 1940

Luftwaffe activity by both day and night was hampered by adverse weather. The image here shows the damage caused to Barclays Bank at 112 High Street in Wealdstone, miraculously the Bank Manager, his wife and son were sleeping in the upper portion of the property and survived unscathed. Other centres of attack included Bristol, South Wales, East Anglia, Middlesbrough, Harrogate, York, Birmingham, Cornwall and Kent. This resulted in 25 civilian deaths and 42 injured, 3 military personnel killed and 11 injured. The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 7 damaged.

Do 17Z U5+EA of KG2 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst attacking factories in Coventry at 09.20. The aircraft crashed at Spring Wood, Lodge Farm, Wickham Brook. Oberlt H. Hellmers, Oberfw G. Wagner, Fw A. Dietl and Uffz P. Seidal were all captured.

Thursday 22nd August 1940

Taking a break: In July 1940 152 squadron became based at RAF Warmwell in Dorset to defend Portland Naval Base. The groundcrew are pictured at Warmwell in 1940

The Luftwaffe undertook two major raids during the day and increased their activity overnight. The ‘Totem’ convoy going past Deal early in the afternoon suffered the first major attack and RAF Manston would be the next target, this was followed up with a night raid at 01.25. The ‘Topaz’ convoy was attacked sailing past Wick by Ju 88s of KG30. During the night there were bombing raids on Aberdeen, Pontefract, Hampshire, Bristol, South Wales, Bradford, Hull, Middlesbrough, Sheffield, Huddersfield, Harrow and Tongham. There were 9 civilian deaths and 65 injured, 3 military personnel were injured. The Germans lost 3 aircraft and 6 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 7A+AL of 3(F)/121 was shot down by Pilot Officer W. Beaumont of Green Section of 152 Squadron whilst on a reconnaissance mission over the Bristol Channel at 16.00. Aircraft crashed at Upcott Farm, Beaford, Obergefr W. Kuhweide baled out and died, Lt R. Pfundtner, Oberlt Baudler and Flgr A. Leber were all captured.

Wednesday 21st August 1940

Flight Lieutenant Barrie Heath of 611 Squadron.

Luftwaffe activity by day and night was limited as a result of adverse weather but mounted small scale nuisance raids. Bombing caused the deaths of 17 civilian deaths and 99 injured, military personnel had 9 fatalities and 106 injured. The Germans lost 14 aircraft and 1 damaged.

Do 17Z-3 of U5+FK of 2/KG2 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant G. Powell-Sheddon, Sub-Lieutenant R.E. Gardner and Pilot OfficerJ.B. Latta of Blue Section, 242 Squadron during a mission of Norfolk at 12.30. The aircraft crashed at Conifer Hill, Starston, Lt H. Ermecke killed, Uffz G-D. Wulf, Uffz H. Hermen and Sonderfuhrer Lt K. Rasche all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z U5+CS of 8/KG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.S. Weaver and Flying Officer R.E.P. Brooker of 56 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Wyton airfield at 18.26. The aircraft crashed at Gippeswyk Park, Ipswich. Lt K. Kzienzyk, Flgr H. Stertz, Uffz H. Behnke and Gefr J. Sollfrank all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-3 of KG3 was shot down by Flying Officer D.H. Watkins and Red Section of 611 Squadron whilst on a mission over the East Coast at 12.35. Aircraft crashed into the North Sea off Skegness, Fw M. Zimmermann and Uffz V. Wiegrand were missing believed killed, Uffz B. Skibitzki was washed ashore at Brancaster on 9 September and buried St Mary’s Churchyard, Great Bircham and Gefr E. Schlafer was found off Yarmouth and buried at Sea.

Do 17Z-3 of 4/KG3 shot down by Pilot Officers J.W. Lund and M.P. Brown and Red Section of 611 Squadron whilst on a mission over the East Coast at 12.40. The aircraft crashed into the North Sea off Scolt Head, Branchester Roads, Lt H. Kruger’s and Oberfw W. Stolle’s bodies were washed ashore at Branchester, Uffz H. Kaschner’s body was washed ashore at Branchester and buried at St Mary’s Churchyard, Great Bircham, Oberfw E. Kotulla was also killed and his body washed ashore.

Do 17Z-3 5K+AP of 6/KG3 collided with 5K+BP aircraft during an attack on the East Coast at 13.30 with the wreckage coming down at Farlesthorpe near Alford. Oberlt H. Schwarz and Oberlt U. Matschoss both baled out and captured. Oberfw W. Loos and Uffz H. Lehman were both killed.

Do 17Z-2 5K+BP of 6/KG3 collided with 5K+AP aircraft during an attack on the East Coast at 13.30 with the wreckage coming down at Bilsby near Alford. Uffz G. Pollmann, Uffz F. Paterrok, Gefr H. Langer and Gefr K. Ludwig all baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 4D+LT of 9/KG30 crashed into the North Sea whilst on a reconnaisance mission to Edinburgh at 23.55, East of Berwick. Fw P. Meyn and Gefr W. Lauer were missing believed killed but Obergefr K. Tutschek and Fw P. Porrmann rescued after twelve hours in their dinghy.

Ju 88A-1 of 1/KG54 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.S. O’Brien and Pilot Officer R.F.T. Doe of 234 Squadron at 14.15. The aircraft crashed at King’s Sombourne, Oberlt M-D. Birkenstock, Obergefr G. Freude, Uffz R. Schulze and Gefr F. Becker were all killed and were burried in an unregistered grave.

Ju 88A-1 B3+BM of 4/KG54 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Squadron Leader C.W. Williams, Pilot Officer H.A.C. Bird-Wilson and Pilot Officer J.K. Ross of Blue Section of 17 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Brize Norton airfield at 16.15. Aircraft crashed at Marsh Farm, Earnley with Hptmn L. Maiwald, Oberfw H. Apollony, Uffz K. Miethner and Uffz H. Hempel were all captured.

Tuesday 20th August 1940

Flugzeug Focke-Wulf Fw 200 “Condor”

The Luftwaffe launched one major raid of 190 aircraft and this was driven back over the Thames Estuary and also a machine gunning attack on Manston airfield. During the night limited bombing raids were made on Shaftesbury, East Anglia, West of England, South Wales, Newton Abbott and Neath. During the day 15 civilians killed and 104 injured, military personnel had 10 injured. The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 4 damaged.

Do 17Z-3 5K+FT of 9/KG3 shot down by Squadron Leader J.R. Kayll, Flying Officer D.H. Hone and Pilot Officer C.R. Young of 615 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Eastchurch aerodrome at 14.15. Aircraft crashed at Capel Hill Farm in Leysdown, Fw E. Rudinger was killed, Fw K. Boke, Fw K. Brehmer and Gefr R. Heinrich all baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 4D+IS of 8/KG30 was shot down by Squadron Leader W.A.J. Satchell and Green Section of 302 Squadron whilst on a mission to attack Thornaby airfield at 19.10. Aircraft crashed at Patrington near Hull, Uffz W. Rautenberg was killed, Oberfw W.H. Kruczinski captured but died from his wounds two days later, Uffz F-G. Wolff and Fw H. Keller both captured.

FW 200 of I/KG40 shot down by anti-aircraft fire from a cargo steamer during an anti-shipping mission over the Irish Sea. Aircraft crashed near Cloghane, County Kerry, Oberlt K. Mollenhauser, Reg Rat Dr E. Kruger, Oberfw R. Beumer, Oberfw L. Wockner, Uffz H. Bell and Gefr K. Kyck were all interned in Ireland.

Monday 19th August 1940

Luftwaffe mounted a number of limited day and night raids following days of high tempo operations and substantial losses. The Llanheath oil tanks at Pembroke Dock by two aircraft which set on fire 8 of the 15 tanks (each containing 12,000 tons), the fires were under control by 03.00 the next day. A further attempt later in the day was made on Mere Oil Fuel Depot in Portland but the bombs missed their target. During the night Bridlington Post Office and Telephone Exchange were bombed at 01.00 and put out of action. Over the course of the day, 23 killed and 98 civilians injured, military personnel had 14 killed and 96 injured. The Germans lost 11 aircraft and 2 damaged.

Both sides revised their respective strategies with 11 Group only intercepting aircraft over Britain and the Hermann Goring issuing a communique, see image above.

Ju 88A-1 (7069) 9K+FR of 7/KG51 was shot down by 602 Squadron whilst on a mission to attack Little Rissington airfield at 14.30. The aircraft crashed into the Sea off Bognor, Fw J. Moser’s body washed ashore the next day, Fw W. Haak’s body washed ashore fifteen days later, Fw M. Schachtner’s body was washed ashore and buried in France and Uffz K. Bauchauer’s body washed ashore at Littlehampton fifteen days later.

Sunday 18th August 1940

The German attacks on Britain on this date became known as the ‘Hardest Day’ with both sides inflicting serious damage on the other. At midday RAF Kenley was attacked at low level by 9/KG76 using Do 17Z which destroyed hangars, buildings, water works and pumping station but the unit also suffered significant casualties as a result of determined resistence from ground and air defences, see images below. RAF airfields at Biggin Hill, West Malling and Croydon Airport were also attacked and sustained damage. Later in the afternoon, airfields at Ford, Gosport, Thorney Island and the RDF station at Poling suffered attack and significant damage. During the night, the Luftwaffe made more small bombing raids on Digby, Grantham, South Wales and Bristol. Of the course of the day, 29 civilians were killed and 147 injured, 16 military persons died and 64 injured. The Germans lost 71 aircraft and 33 damaged including as a result of a Bomber Command attack on Vlissingen airfield. As a result of severe losses the Luftwaffe withdrew the Stuka from the Battle.

Bf109E-4 of 6/JG2 was shot down during combat over the Isle of Wight at 14.20 with the aircraft crashing at Tapnall Farm near Freshwater. Oberlt R. Moller-Friedrich baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1990) 13+ of 2/JG3 shot down at 13.50 with the aircraft force landing in Abbey Field, Leeds, Kent. Oberlt H. Tiedmann evaded capture for twelve hours.

Bf 109E-4 of III/JG3 shot down and crashed near Bredhurst at 13.40. Lt E. Von Fonderen was missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-4 (2755) of 8/JG3 was shot by Squadron Leader D.A. Pemberton of No 1 Squadron over Staplehurst at 18.15. The aircraft crashed at Blue House Farm, Milebush and Obergefr W. Basell killed.

Bf 109E-4 of 7/JG26 shot down by Flying Officer A.F. Eckford and Pilot Officer K. Pniak of 32 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 17.30. Aircraft crashed at Elmstead Court, Barham and Oberlt W. Blume captured.

Bf 109E-1 of 7/JG26 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.M. Brothers and Pilot Officer B. Wlasnowolski of 32 Squadron in combat over Canterbury at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into a wood at Chilham and Lt G. Muller-Duhe was killed.

Bf 109E-4 6+ of 1/JG27 shot down whilst escorting Stukas over the Isle of Wight at 14.40 with the aircraft crashing into the Sea off Sandown. Lt G. Mitsdorfer baled out and rescued by shoreboat.
Bf 109E-4 (1455) 6+- was shot down over the Isle of Wight at 14.35 and the aircraft force landed on Shanklin Down. Oberlt J. Neumann was captured.

He 111H-3 V4+GK of 2/KG1 was shot by 65 Squadron and Squadron Leader M.N. Crossley of 32 Squadron at 13.30 after it had bombed Biggin Hill airfield. The aircraft force landed at Snargate near Dymchurch, Lt R. Ahrens, Oberfw E. Katzmarski, Uffz G. Schneider and Flgr K. Natzke were all captured but Uffz H. Gericke died in Rye Hospital.

He 111P (1408) of 5/KG27 was rammed by Avro Anson L9164 flown by Sergeant B. Hancock of 6 FTS at 23.50 whilst about to bomb Windrush aerodrome. The aircraft crashed at Blackbitch Farm, Aldsworth and Oberfw A. Dreher, Uffz R. Schmidt, Uffz H. Rave and Uffz E. Cohrs were all killed.

He 111H-2 A1+FR of 7/KG53 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.R. Hamilton of 85 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb North Weald airfield at 17.50. The aircraft crashed into the Sea off Ramsgate, Oberlt F. Zipse, Uffz W. Grasser, Gefr W. Reinhardt, Gefr G. Worch and Gefr H. Mailander were captured afer spending twenty six hours at Sea in their dinghy.

He 111H-2 A1+FS shot down by Flying Officer P.S. Weaver of 56 Squadron and Pilot Officer W.P. Hopkin of 54 Squadron at 17.35 whilst on a mission to bomb North Weald airfield. The aircraft force landed at Small Gains Farm, Foulness, Lt W. Leber, Fw H. Feick, Uffz K. Hilgert, Gefr K. Erfurt were all captured but Fw J. Wild baled out and died the died the next day from his injuries.

Do 17Z (\2504) F1+IH of 1/KG76 was shot down by Flying Officer A.F. Eckford of 32 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Kenley airfield at13.20. The aircraft crashed in Mill Lane, Hurst Green and Oberlt W. Stoldt, Uffz P. Gengel and Kreigsberichter W. Surk (war correspondence) were all killed but Oberfw W. Lautersack and Fw J. Beck baled out and captured.

Ju 88A of 5/KG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.G. Sanders of 615 Squadron, Pilot Officers A.F. Laws, J.J. O’Meara and E.G. Gilbert of 64 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant P.M. Brothers and Pilot Officer B. Wlasnowolski of 32 Squadron after attacking Kenley airfield at 13.30. Aircraft crashed at Ide Hill and Oberfw A. Eichhorn, Stabsfw H. Vetter, Fw K. Geier and Gefr K. Skuthan were all killed.

Ju 88A F1+GP of 6/KG76 was shot down by Sergeant P.C.P. Farnes of 501 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb West Malling airfield at 13.40. Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Aylesford and Oberfw K. Krebs was killed but Fw O. Watermann, Uffz H. Loffler and Sonderfuhrer Lt Buchmeier baled out and were captured.

Do 17Z-2 F1+DT of 9/KG76 shot down by a combination of ground defences and Pilot Officer R.J.W. Brown and Sergeant W.L. Dymond of 111 Squadron whilst attacking Kenley airfield at 13.30. Aircraft force landed at Leaves Green near Biggin Hill, Hptmn J. Roth and Oberlt R. Lamberty captured badly burned, Hptmn G. Peters and Oberfw V. Geier and Fw H. Eberhard baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 F1+HT of 9/KG76 was shot down by ground defences during attack on Kenley airfield at 13.20. Aircraft crashed into ‘Sunnycroft’ building in Golf Road on the perimeter of the airfield, Oberlt H-S. Ahrends, Oberst Dr O. Sommer, Uffz J. Dietz, Fw K. Greulich and Fw J. Petersen were all killed.

Ju 87B-1 of 3/StG77 shot down whilst bombing Thorney Island airfield at 14.30 with the aircraft crashing at North Barn, Chidham. Oberlt D. Lehmann and Uffz H. Winiarski missing believed killed.

Ju 87B of 3/StG77 was shot down by Pilot C.K. Gray of 43 Squadron whilst attacking Thorney Island airfield at 14.30. The aircraft crashed at Spring Gardens, Cutmill, West Ashling, Oberlt H-J. Schaffer and Uffz E. Klotmann were missing believed killled.

Ju 87B-1 (5518) shot down by Sergeant H.J.L. Hallowes of 43 Squadron whilst attacking Thorney Island airfield at 14.30. Aircraft crashed into Fishbourne Creek, Oberlt J. Wilhem and Uffz A. Worner both baled out and captured.

Ju 87B-1 of 2/StG77 was shot down during an attack on Thorney Island airfield at 14.30 with the aircraft crashing into the Sea off Dunnose Head, Ventnor. Lt H. Sinn baled out and rescued by the shoreboat ‘Spencers’ but Uffz J. Schmitt was killed and buried at St Nicholas Churchyard, West Thorney.

Ju 87B-1 of 3/StG77 shot down whilst attacking Thorney Island at 14.30 with the aircraft crashing vertically at Whitehouse Farm, West Broyle, Chichester. Uffz E. Kohl and Uffz A. Dann were both killed, the latter was buried as unknown airman in Christchurch Cemetery in Portsmouth.

Ju 87B-1 of 3/StG77 was shot down whilst attacking Thorney Island airfield and the aircraft crashed into the Channel off Selsey Bill at 14.35. Oberfw G. Riegler and Gefr O. Langwost were rescued by lifeboat ‘Canadian Pacific’.

Ju 87B-1 (5167) S2+UN of 5/StG77 shot down by Sergeant B.E.P. Whall of 602 Squadron whilst attacking Ford airfield at 14.23. Aircraft force landed at Ham Manor Golf Course at Angmering with Oberfw K. Schweinhardt was captured but Oberfw W. Geiger died of his wounds later in the day.

Ju 87B of III/StG77 was shot down by Sergeant B.E.P. Whall of 602 Squadron whilst attacking Poling RDF station at 14.25. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Littlehampton with Uffz W. Moll’s body washed into the Newhaven Harbour on 26 August and Uffz A. Schwemmer’s body was washed ashore in France.

Bf 110C-4 (3102) U8+BB of I/ZG26 shot down by Squadron Leader A.R.D. MacDonell of 64 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.45. Aircraft crashed at Dering Farm, Lydd, Oberlt R. Proske and Uffz H. Mobius were both captured.

Bf 110C-2 of 1/ZG26 was shot down by ground fire and Pilot Officer J.L. Flinders of 32 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.45. Aircraft crashed at Rough Common, Harbledown with Uffz R. Mai and Uffz J. Gebauer were missing believed killed.

Bf 110C-4 of 3/ZG26 shot down by Flying Officer P.S. Weaver of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.40. Aircraft crashed at Bonnington, Oberfw W. Stange and Uffz H. Hesse were missing believed killed.

Bf 110C of 4/ZG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Gray of 54 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into Smith’s Sandpits, Alton Park Road, Clacton with Hptmn H. Luttke and Uffz H. Brillo were both missing believed killed.

Bf 110C 3U+AM of 4/ZG26 shot down by ground fire and Squadron Leader G.A.L. Manton of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 17.30. Aircraft crashed at Leysdown on Sheppey with Uffz H. Jackel died in the aircraft and Uffz T. Rutters was captured but badly burned.

Bf 110C 3U+CM of 4/ZG26 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.R. Hamilton, Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis and Sergeant F.R. Walker-Smith of 85 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off North Foreland, Fw F. Gierga rescued but Uffz G. Baar missing believed killed.

Bf 110C (3060) 3U+IP of 6/ZG26 shot down by Sergeant P.E.M. Robinson of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.40. The aircraft crashed at Pluckley and Oberfw A. Kiefel and Uffz J. Hemmersbach were both killed.

Bf 110C of 6/ZG26 was shot down by 56 Squadron and Pilot Officer G.E. Goodman of 1 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.45. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Folkestone, Uffz G. Wollin was killed with his body recovered and buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge but Fw H. Stange was captured.

Bf 110C (3102) 3U+EP of 6/ZG26 shot down whilst escorting bombers at 13.35 and the aircraft crashed at St Mary’s Marsh, Blackmanstone near Newchurch. Lt H-J. Kastner and Uffz W. Kaffenberger were both captured.

Bf 110C of 6/ZG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer M.H. Mounsdon of 56 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.40. Aircraft crashed at Platts Heath, Lenham with Oberlt H. Hellmuth and Fw F. Winter missing believed killed.

Bf 110C of 8/ZG26 shot down by Pilot Officer J.L. Flinders of 32 Squadron and Sergeant H. Chandler of 610 Squadron whilst escorting bombers and the aircraft crashed at Godstone. Fw H. Klare and Uffz D. Brunger both missing believed killed.

Saturday 17th August 1940

The Luftwaffe didn’t mount any daylight raids as a respite from the previous two days but also planning for a major assault on the next day. During the night limited bombing was conducted with incendiary bombs dropped at Minworth and West of Stafford. The bombing cost the lives of 2 civilians and 25 injured with the Germans losing 5 aircraft and 1 damaged.

Friday 16th August 1940

A famous image of 610 Squadron on patrol, taken before the Battle of Britain, on June 26, 1940. Spitfire R6595/ DW-O is flown by the then Flt Lt Ellis, while P9495/DW-K is piloted by Sgt Arnfield – both men were in action on August 18, 1940.

The Luftwaffe once again attacked in large numbers against RAF airfields and defences during the day. The first attack at midday consisted of three formations that bombed Gosport, Lee-on-Solent, Tangmere and Poling RDF station. In the evening, Ju 88s attacked Brize Norton with 46 training aircraft of 2SFTS were destroyed. During the night, bombing attacks were made on the Thames, Isle of Wight, Bristol Channel, South Wales, Bury St Edmunds, Oxford, Shrewsbury, Derby and North London. As a result of all attacks, 1 civilian killed and 39 injured, the Germans lost 49 aircraft and 20 damaged. Image below shows the funeral of Pilot Officer William Meade Lindsley Fiske’s funeral on 20 August at Boxgrove having been shot down and badly burned on 16 August and died the next day.

Bf 109E-1 of 4/JG2 shot down by 610 Squadron at 17.00. Aircraft crashed at Turzes Farm, Burwash, Oberlt W. Mockel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-3 of 4/JG51 was shot down by Squadron Leader R.L. Wilkinson of 266 Squadron whilst in combat over Deal at 12.35. Aircraft crashed at Hacklinge and Uffz E. Buder baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 2+ of 2/JG53 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over the Isle of Wight and force landed at Godshill. Fw C. Hansen was captured.

Do 17Z-3 of 3/KG2 was shot down by Flight Sergeant F.W. Higginson, Flight Lieutenant P.S. Weaver and Sergeant C. Whitehead of 56 Squadron in combat over Whitstable beach at 16.55. Aircraft exploded and the crew buried in Whistable churchyard which included Oberlt H-J. Brandenburg, Gefr K. Hirsch, Gefr E. Genter and Flgr H. Koch.

DO 17Z-2 of 3/KG2 shot down by Pilot Officer B.J. Wicks of 56 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Hornchurch airfield at 16.55. Aircraft crashed at Summerfield, Staple, Lt H-G. Mollenbrok and Uffz P. Hess baled out and captured. Gefr G. Reinicke and Gefr J. Golob baled out too low and were killed.

He 111P G1+LM of 4/KG55 was shot down by Pilot Officers A.V. Clowes and G.E. Goodman of 1 Squadron and 602 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Heathrow airfield at 16.55. Aircraft crashed at Upper Frithfold Farm, Northchapel near Petworth. Hptmn W. Sabler, Fw E. Muller, Fw W. Magerhans, Gefr A. Szymanowski and Uffz E. Schmidtke were all killed when the aircraft exploded.

He 111P G1+HP of 6/KG55 shot down by Pilot Officer K.T. Lofts of 615 Squadron and Squadron Leader D.A. Pemberton of 1 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Heathrow airfield at 17.15. Aircraft force landed at Anningtons Farm, Bramber. Oberlt W. Wieland, Fw H. Langstrof and Uffz W. Appell were all captured. Uffz A. Hattendorf was killed and Uffz G. Pulver died of his injuries three days later.

He 111P (1582) G1+FR of 7/KG55 was shot down by Blue Section of 602 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Heathrow airfield at 17.05. Aircraft force landed at High Salvington near Worthing. Lt R. Theobald, Uffz R. Hornbostel and Gefr H. Glaser were all captured. Uffz A. Weber and Gefr J. Moorfeld were both killed.

Do 17Z-2 of 7/KG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.M. Ferriss, Squadron Leader J.M. Thompson and Sergeant J.T. Craig of 111 Squadron in combat over Tonbridge at 12.45. Aircraft crashed at Moatlands, Brenchley, Paddock Wood. Oberfw A. Wachter and Fw E. Klumb were both killed. Oberfw E. Reidel and Oberfw E. Brauer were both missing believed killed. The remains of the crew were buried in Tonbridge Cemetery.

Ju 87B-2 (5580) T6+HL of 3/StG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.V.C. Badger of 43 Squadron and 602 Squadron whilst bombing Tangmere airfield at 13.00. Aircraft crashed on the Selsey Road near Church Norton Junction. Uffz E. Konig and Uffz J. Schmid were both captured.

Ju 87B of 3/StG2 shot down by 43 and 601 Squadrons whilst bombing Tangmere at 13.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea, West of Selsey Bill, Uffz P. Bohn and Obergefr J. Bader were both rescued by a Royal Navy launch.

Ju 87B (5618) T6+KL of 3/StG2 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant C.R. Davis of 601 Squadron and 43 Squadron whilst bombing Tangmere airfield at 13.05. Aircraft crashed at Bowley Farm, South Mundham. Fw H. Rocktaschel died the next day from his injuries and Oberfw W. Witt was killed.

Ju 87B of 3/StG2 shot down by 43 and 601 Squadrons whilst bombing Tangmere airfield at 13.00. Aircraft crashed at Honar Farm, Pagham, Uffz P. Linse and Obergefr R. Messerschmidt were both killed.

Ju 87B of 7/StG2 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over the Isle of Wight at 13.00. Aircraft crashed into Poole Harbour, Fw G. Grafenhain rescued but Uffz J. Voight was missing believed killed.

Bf 110C A2+GL of 6/ZG2 shot down by Flying Officer H.N.E. Salmon of 1 Squadron during combat over Eastbourne at 17.30. Aircraft crashed into the grounds of Aldro School. Oberlt E. Hollekamp baled out too low and killed when he hit the roof of ‘Hillbrow’, Gaudick Road and Fw R. Schurk baled out but drowned and his body washed ashore on 4 September.

Bf 110C of 5/ZG76 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat North of Brighton. Lt W. Lemmer and Obergefr J. Lewandowski were both missing believed killed.

Bf110C of III/ZG76 shot down by Squadron Leader A.V.R. Johnstone of 602 Squadron during combat over Upwaltham at 17.50. Aircraft crashed near Amberley, Obergefr H. Jentsch baled out and captured.

Bf 110C 2N+AP of 9/ZG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.W. Moody of 602 Squadron at 17.45. Aircraft crashed at Lee Farm, Clapham, Oberlt O. Schlaffer and Obergefr F. Obser were both captured.

Thursday 15th august 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 110D0 Zerstorer 1.ZG76 M8+CH Hans Kettling WNr 3155 1940 0A

The day would see four main attacks in large numbers designed to overwhem the RAF’s defence of the Country. The first was attacks by Stukas on Hawkinge and Lympne airfields which was met by fierce resistence by British fighter aircraft. The second was made by Luftflotte 5 on the North East comprising He 111s of KG26, I/ZG76 escorting with Bf 110s and Ju 88s of KG30 believing they would meet little resistence with RAF fighters moved to reinforce the South East. They met a significant response by British fighters before attacking their targets and incurred significant losses, see video clip from the Battle of Britain film. The third attack in the afternoon targeted Martlesham Heath airfield by ErpGr210 and expanded to attacks the airfields of Rochester and Eastchurch by KG3. The final phase in the evening incorporated attacks by large numbers of Stukas on Worthy Down and Portland, LG1 attacked Middle Wallop airfield with Ju 88s which caused serious damage and ErpGr210 intended to attack Kenley aerodrome but missed and attacked Croydon Airport instead caused extensive damage but the Bf 110s suffered severe losses as they retreated to their home bases. During the night, small bombing raids were mounted on Wittering, Somerset, British Channel, Liverpool, Birmingham, Shrewsbury, Hereford and Leconfield. British casualties amounted to 79 deaths and 371 civilians injured, 8 deaths and 34 military personell injured. The day would become known as ‘Black Thursday’ as the Luftwaffe lost 78 aircraft and 20 damaged, more than any other day during the Battle but also made Hermann Goring reflect on the day and issue orders on tactics and operation of previouly impervious aircraft types, see image.

He 115C (3251) S4+BH of 1/506 crashed into Faldiehill, Panmure Estate, Arbroath at 04.04. Oberfw R. Holfert and Fw P. Schroers were both killed, Lt Zur See H-E. Tonne was captured.

Bf 110D (3338) S9+AB of ErpGr210 was shot down by 32 and 111 Squadrons whilst attacking Croydon Airport at 19.00. The aircraft crashed at Bletchinglye Farm, Cats Hill, Rotherfield, Hptmn W. Rubensdorffer and Obergefr L. Kretzer were both killed.

Bf 110D (3374) S9+BB of ErpGr210 was shot down by Sergeant W.L. Dymond of 111 Squadron and Sergeant L.H.B. Pearce of 32 Squadron whilst it was attacking Croydon Airport at 19.15. The aircraft crashed at Redhill aerodrome. Oberlt H. Fielder died three days after from his injuries and Uffz J. Werner baled out and captured.

Bf 110D (3339) S9+CB of ErpGr210 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.A.B. Russell of 32 Squadron whilst attacking Croydon Airport at 19.15. Aircraft force landed at School Farm, Hooe, Lt K-H. Koch and Uffz R. Kahl were both captured.

Bf 110C-6 S9+TH of 1/ErpGr210 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant S.D.P. Connors and Sergeant T.Y. Wallace of 111 Squadron whilst attacking Croyson Airport at 19.05. The aircraft crashed at Broadbridge Farm, Smallfield, Horley, Lt E. Beudel and Obergefr O. Jordan were both killed.

Bf 110C-6 of 2/ErpGr210 was shot down by Squadron Leader J. Worrall and Flight Lieutenant M.N. Crossley of 32 Squadron whilst attacking Croydon Airport at 19.05. The aircraft crashed at Ightham, Lt H. Ortner baled out and captured but Obergefr B. Lohmann killed.

Bf 110D (3341) S9+CK of 2/ErpGr210 was shot down by 32 and 111 Squadrons whilst attacking Croydon Airport at 19.10. Aircraft force landed at Hawkhurst. Oberlt A. Haibisch and Uffz E. Elfner both captured.

Bf 109E-4 3+ of 3/ErpGr210 shot down by 32 and 111 Squadrons whilst attacking Croydon Airport at 19.10. Aircraft crashed at Lightlands Farm, Frant, Lt H. Marx baled out and captured at Mark Cross.

Bf 109E-4 2+ of 5/JG51 was shot down by 151 Squadron in combat over Margate at 15.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea and Fw O. Steigenberger was rescued by the ‘J.B. Proudfoot’ lifeboat.

Bf 109E-4 of 9/JG54 shot down by Pilot Officer K.H. Cox and Flight Lieutenant W.H.C. Warner of 610 Squadron whilst on a mission to attack Biggin Hill airfield at 19.30. Aircraft crashed at Bullwood Farm, Hartley, Cranbrook and Uffz F. Niedermaier was killed.

Do 17Z-2 of 6/KG3 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.M. Thompson of 111 Squadron in combat over the Thames Estuary at 16.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Ramsgate and Deal, Lt H-E. Walter, Fw F. Schauer, Uffz E. Kirchubel and Uffz A. Pieronczyk were all captured.

Do 17Z-2 5K+LP of 6/KG3 shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab of 1 (RCAF) Squadron whilst in combat over Thames Estuary at 15.30. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Reculver, Lt H. Kringler and Uffz H. Depenheuer were both killed, Gefr O. Rohleder was mortally wounded on capture and buried at St Lawrence’s Cemetery, Ramsgate and Obergefr W. Duda was captured.

He 111H-4 of 1/KG26 was shot down by 72 and 605 Squadrons whilst on a mission to attack Middlesbrough at 14.00. The aircraft crashed into the Sea at Creswell Bay, Oberlt R. Roch, Uffz W. Zimmermann, Gefr E. Kulick, Gefr G. Machalett and Flgr E. Henrichsen rescued from their dinghy by Amble fishing boat.

He 111H-4 1H+FS of 8/KG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant I.J. Muirhead and Pilot Officer C.F. Currant of 605 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Dishforth airfield at 14.00. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Middlesbrough, Lt A. Renner, Fw F. Baldauf, Obergefr W. Rossiger, Gefr W. Lorenz and Uffz C. Shumann were all captured.

Ju 88A-5 4D+KL of 3/KG30 was shot down by Sergeant A.L. McNay of 73 Squadron and Sergeant J. Hopewell of 616 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Driffield airfield at 13.25. Aircraft crashed at Hamilton Hill Farm, Barnstown near Bridlington. Uffz L. Von Lorentz, Uffz H. Kenski, Obergefr H. Trumann and Gefr J. Gobel were all captured.

Ju 88A of 4/KG30 shot down by Pilot Officer D.S. Scott of 73 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Driffield airfield at 13.30. The aircraft crashed at Hunmanby, Fw R. Bihr, Fw R. Pohl and Uffz S. Kursch were all killed, Uffz A. Neumeyer was missing believed killed.

Ju 88C 4D+DR of 7/KG30 was shot down by Flying Officer P.E.G. Carter of 73 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Driffield airfield at 13.30. The aircraft crashed at Hornby, Fw G. Henneske was killed, Oberlt W. Bachmann, Uffz W. Evers and Flgr R. Walther were all captured.

Ju 88A L1+SC of II/LG1 shot down by Flight Lieutenant Sir A.P. Hope and Sergeant L.N. Guy of 601 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Tangmere and Westhampnett airfields at 18.10. Aircraft crashed at The Jumps, West Tisted, Oberlt S. Suin de Boutmard, Oberfw H. Grund, Fw W. Luder and Uffz K. Weiwang were all captured.

Ju 88A L1+BM of 4/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officers M.D. Doulton and W.P. Clyde of 601 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Tangmere and Westhampnett airfields at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Twyford, Uffz E. Poggensee, Uffz E. Kusche, Uffz H. Burkhardt and Uffz R. Muller were all captured.

Ju 88A L1+FM of 4/LG1 shot down by Flight Lieutenant S.D.P. Connors of 111 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Tangmere and Westhampnett airfields at 18.30. The aircraft crashed at Great Ham Farm, Earnley, Uffz W. Rimek was killed, Uffz F. Dieter, Uffz O. Rezeppa and Gefr W. Hohbom were all captured.

Ju 88A of 44/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officer J.B.W. Humpherson of 32 Squadron, Squadron Leader J.V.C. Badger, Flight Lieutenant T.F. Dalton-Morgan and Flight Lieutenant F.R. Carey of 43 Squadron whilst on a mission to bom Tangmere and Westhampnett airfields at 18.30. Aircraft crashed at Priors Leaze, Breach, Southbourne, Oberlt H. Moeller and Gefr E. Anders were both killed and buried at St Nicholas Churchyard at West Thorney, Oberfw W. Richter and Fw H. Dittmann were both captured.

Ju 88A of 5/LG1 shot down by Flight Lieutenant C.R. Davis of 601 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Tangmere and Westhampnett airfields at 18.05. The aircraft crashed at The Jumps, West Tisted, Fw H. Pauck, Uffz K. Glitzner, Fw D. Rugge and Uffz E. Woldt were all missing believed killed.

Ju 87B of 10/LG1 was shot down by 501 Squadron during combat over the Channel at 12.00 with the aircraft crashing into the Sea near a lighthouse at South Folkestone Gate. Hptmn R. Munchenhagen baled out and was captured but Oberfw Heyse was killed.

Ju 87B of 10/LG1 collided with high tension cables whilst being attacked by 501 Squadron at 17.30. The aircraft crashed at Shorncliffe Crescent in Folkestone, Uffz H. Weber was killed and Uffz F-H. Kraus was mortally wounded on capture and died three days later in Royal Victoria Hospital, both buried in Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 110D M8+CH of 1/ZG76 shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron whilst attacking coastal airfields at 13.36. Aircraft crashed at Streatlam near Barnard Castle, Oberlt H-U. Kettling and Obergefr F. Volk were both captured.

Bf110D M8+EK of 2/ZG76 was shot down by 41, 72 and 79 Squadrons whilst attacking East Coast airfields at 13.00. Aircraft crashed off the Northumberland coast, Fw K. Ladwein captured and Obergefr K. Lenk was missing believed killed.

Bf 110C shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.A. Barton of 249 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant J.H.G. McArthur and Flying Officer A.R. Edge of 609 Squadron whilst in combat over Portland at 17.55. Aircraft crashed at West Wellow near Romsey. Uffz R. Rohrich and Uffz T. Neymeyer were both killed.

Bf 110C M8+BP of 6/ZG76 was shot down by Flying Officer P. Ostaszewski-Ostoje of 609 Squadron and Pilot Officer J. Zurakowski of 234 Squadron whilst in combat over Portland at 18.06. Aircraft crashed at North Ashey Down, Isle of Wight, Fw J. Birndorfer was shot and killed by troops on the ground and Uffz M. Guschewski was captured.

Bf 110C M8+WP of 6/ZG76 shot down by Pilot Officer J.R.B. Meaker of 249 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant J.H.G. McArthur of 609 Squadron whilst in combat over Salisbury at 17.45. Aircraft crashed at Plaitford Common near Romsey, Fw. F. Wagner and Uffz F. Sporl were both missing believed killed, probably buried in Devizes Road Cemetery in Salisbury as unknown airmen of Germany.

Bf 110C 2N+BC of III/ZG76 was shot down by 213 Squadron during combat over Portland at 17.00. Aircraft crashed into Weymouth Bay, Hptmn F-K. Dickore’s body was washed ashore at Le Touquet on 20 September and Uffz H. Templin baled out and captured.

Wednesday 14th August 1940

Heinkel He 111P 8.KG27 1G+HS Wunstorf France 1940-0A

Luftwaffe attacks ranged across the Country including Dover, Folkestone, Southampton, Wiltshire, Somerset, South Wales and Sealand by day. During the night, Dysserth near Welshpool and the East Coast of Scotland were bombed. The Goodwin Lightship was sunk, ErpGr210 Bf 110s made a low level attack on Manston, damage to Middle Wallop as a result of bombing and an intended raid on Cardiff was destroyed by RAF fighters before getting to their target. The Germans inflicted 4 civilian deaths, 22 civilian injuries, 11 military deaths, 14 military injuries, the Luftwaffe lost 19 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Bf 110D S9+MK of 2/ErpGr210 shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst attacking Manston at 12.10 and the aircraft crashed onto the aerodrome. Uffz H. Stedding was killed but Gefr E. Schank baled out and captured.

Bf 110D S9+NK of 2/ErpGr210 collided with aircraft above and exploded over Manston at 12.10. Lt H. Brinkmann and Uffz R. Mayer were both killed.

Bf 109E-1 (4827) 8+ of 1/JG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.F. Smythe of 32 Squadron over Dover at 12.45 with the aircraft crashing at Coldred. Uffz G. Kemen baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 of 4/JG52 shot down in combat over the Channel and aircraft crashed near Dover. Oberfw G. Weiss was killed and his body was washed ashore on 24 October at Joss Bay, Broadstairs Jetty and buried at Margate New Cemetery.

He 111P (2624) 1G+FS of 8/KG27 was shot down by 213 Squadron and Wing Commander J. Hallings-Pott, Squadron Leader J. McLean and Pilot Officer P. Ayerst of 7 Operational Training Unit whilst it was attacking Hawarden airfield at 21.00. The aircraft crashed at Border House Farm near Chester. Oberlt A. Wiesemann, Fw H. Rodder, Uffz W. Schaum, Uffz G. Ullmann and Uffz H. Kochy were all captured.

He 111P 1G+CS of 8/KG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.D. Atkinson and 213 Squadron whilst it was attacking Hawarden airfield at 19.45. The aircraft crashed into the Sea off Charmouth, Fw O. Dubral and Fw W. Gietz baled out and captured, Fw F. Knoblich and Uffz H. Schrage both baled out but drowned with their bodies washing ashore at Puncknowle and Lyme Regis, Fw A. Wiesmeier was missing believed killed.

He 111P 1G+NT of 9/KG27 shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.S.S. Tuck and Blue Section of 92 Squadron at 18.00 en route to bomb Cardiff Docks. Aircraft force landed at Charterhouse near Cheddar, see image below. Oberlt E. Ohlenschlanger, Fw N. Jug, Uffz K. Sulzbach, Uffz A. Blumenthal and Gefr K. Kupsch were all captured.

He 111P 1G+OT of 9/KG27 was shot down by Flight Lieutenants R.R.S. Tuck and A.R. Wright, Pilot Officers W.C. Watling and D.G. Williams of 92 Squadron at 18.05 en route to bomb Cardiff Docks. Aircraft crashed at Canns Farm near Puriton, Lt O. Uhland, Uffz J. Krenn, Obergefr H. Ramstetter, Uffz E. Flick and Gefr G. Rother all baled out and captured.

He 111P of 9/KG27 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.R.S. Tuck of 92 Squadron at 18.05 whilst en route to bomb Cardiff Docks. The aircraft crashed into the Sea off Bridgwater Bay, Hptmn J. Riedel, Uffz A. Witt, Fw E. Haumann and Gefr E. Wolf were all missing believed killed, Uffz H. Dolata’s body was washed ashore at on 12 September and buried at Weston-Super-Mare.

He 111P (2898) G1+AA of KG55 shot down by Pilot Officee D.M. Crook and Flying Officer J.C. Dundas of 609 Squadron at 18.30 whilst it was en route to bomb Upavon. The aircraft crashed and exploded in the Royal Naval Armaments Depot at Dean Hill. Oberst A. Stockl, Oberst W. Frank and Oberlt B. Brossler were all killed but Fw H. Grimmstein and Fw J. Thiel were both captured alive.

He 111H of 2/KGr100 had a fire over Cheltenham at 04.30 which led to Uffz F. Dorner baling out and being captured at Balcombe. The aircraft recovered and returned to base.

Ju 88A-1 of 1/LG1 was shot down by Sergeants A.N. Feary, M.C.B. Boddington of 609 and 234 Squadron respectfully at 17.05 after a low level attack on Middle Wallop airfield. The aircraft crashed at Turf Hill, North Charford, Oberlt W. Heinrici and Gefr H-W. Stark killed. Gefr F. Ahrens captured but died the next day in Salisbury Infirmary. Gefr E. Sauer was captured unhurt. The deceased aircrew were buried at Devizes Road Cemetery in Salisbury.

Tuesday 13th August 1940

‘Adlertag’

The Luftwaffe launched ‘Adlertag’ on Britain with attacks on a far higher scale than previously mounted. As a result of poor weather and communications it started badly with KG2 bombers attacking Sheerness and Eastchurch airfield without their escort fighters, the image here shows considerable damage to the airfield but the bomber force suffered a large number of casualties. Later in the day, attacks against Odiham, Farnborough, Portland, Southampton, Thames Estuary, Detling and Andover were repulsed by significant interventions by RAF Fighter Command. The Germans lost 47 aircraft and 39 damaged.

Bf 109E-1 (5068) <+ of I/JG2 was shot down at 07.10 and the aircraft forced landed at New Salts Farm close to Shoreham aerodrome. Oberlt P. Temme was captured.

Bf 109E of 5/JG26 shot down by 65 Squadron over Folkestone at 16.15 and the aircraft crashed at Denton. Uffz H. Wemhoner baled out and captured on landing.

Bf 109E-4 9+- of 5/JG53 was shot down by Flying Officer T. Nowierski of 609 Squadron at 16.15 in combat over the Channel near Weymouth. Fw H. Pfannschmidt baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 of 5/JG53 shot down by Pilot Officer D.M. Crook of 609 Squadron during combat over the Channel at 16.15 and crashed into the Sea near Poole Harbour. Uffz W. Hohenseldt was captured.

Bf 109E-1 of 5/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer M.J. Appleby of 609 Squadron over the Channel near Weymouth at 16.15. Oberfw A. Trutwin was killed and likely buried at Sea.

Do 17Z U5+KA of KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.A. Walker of 111 Squadron at 08.30 whilst bombing Eastchurch aerodrome. The aircraft crashed on the railway at Pherbec Bridge, Barham and Oberlt H. Schlegal, Oberlt G. Ozwald, Obergefr G. Babbe and Obergefr E. Holz were all captured.

Do 17Z U5+ER of 7/KG2 shot down by Squadron Leader J.M. Thompson of 111 Squadron whilst it was bombing Eastchurch aerodrome at 06.45. Aircraft force landed at Stodmarsh, Uffz G. Vogel, Uffz H. Arndt, Uffz W. Mahringer and Gefr H. Bauer were all captured.

Do 17Z U5+FR of 7/KG2 was shot down by Flying Officer R.M. Milne and Pilot Officer A.G. McIntyre of 111 Squadron at 07.30 whilst attacking Eastchurch aerodrome. The aircraft crashed at Birchington and Fw F. Dannich, Fw K. Schwerdtfeger, Obergefr E. Nitzsche and Gefr A. Beck were all killed.

Do 17Z U5+DS of 8/KG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.M. Ferriss, Sergeant J.T. Craig of 111 Squadron and Flying Officer R.M. Milne of 154 Squadron at 07.25 whilst attacking Eastchurch aerodrome. Aircraft crashed on the mudflats of Seasalter, Oberlt G. Muller and Oberlt W. Morich baled out too low and were killed, Oberfw C. Langer’s body was washed ashore at Graveney but Fw R. Haensgen baled out and captured with severe wounds.

Ju 88A-1 B3+DB of I/KG54 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.C. Mayers of 601 Squadron and Sergeant H.J.L. Hallowes of 43 Squadron whilst it was bombing Farnborough at 06.30. The aircraft exploded on crashing into Phillis Wood, Treyford. Uffz F. Rosler, Obergefr K. Brieger and Uffz K. Seitz all baled out and captured but the pilot Oberlt J. Ostermann was likely killed in the crash but the body wasn’t found.

Ju 88A-1 of II/KG54 shot down by 43 and 601 Squadrons at 06.30 whilst attacking Farnborough with the aircraft crashing into Swanbourne Lake, Arundel. Oberlt H. Rose and Uffz H. Scholz both baled out and captured. Fw W. Bickel baled out but died and Hptm A-W. Strauch baled out but found to be mortally wounded hanging from a tree in Worthing and died two days later. Both of them were buried in St Andrew’s Churchyard in Tangmere.

Ju 88A B3+TP of 6/KG54 was attacked by 43 and 601 Squadrons over the Isle of Wight on a mission to bomb Farnborough. Crew ordered to bale out, Lt Siescher, Gefr Handelmeier, Obergefr Hosport and Gefr G. Niessl were captured but the pilot regained control of the aircraft and returned to his base.

Ju 88A-1 L1+BS of 8/LG1 shot down by 257 Squadron whilst attacking Andover at 16.35 with the aircraft crashing into Sidlesham. Lt Zur See K-W. Brinkbaumer, Gefr O. Roger, Gefr J. Dietl and Hptmn A. Scheuplein were all killed and buried together in St Andrew’s Churchyard in Tangmere.

Bf 110D of 13/LG1 was shot down in combat over the Channel at 11.50 and the aircraft crashed into the Sea, West of Bournemouth. Uffz G. Lammel was killed with his body was recovered and buried at the Royal Navy Cemetery at Portland but Fw H. Datch was rescued by an MTB.

Bf 110D of 13/LG1 was shot down in combat near Bournemouth at 11.50 and the aircraft crashed into the Sea. Lt G. Beck was killed and his body was washed ashore at Portland and buried at the Royal Navy Cemetery at Portland and Uffz K. Hoyer was missing believed killed.

Bf 110D L1+FZ of 15/LG1 shot down by Sergeant H.J. Marsh of 238 Squadron over Lulworth at 12.35 and the aircraft crashed at Swalland Farm, Kimmeridge. Uffz W. Schumichen and Obergefr O. Giglhuber both baled out and captured.

Ju 87B of 5/StG2 was shot down by Flying Officer H. McD. Goodwin of 609 Squadron at 16.00 with the aircraft crashing at Rodden, Portesham. Uffz O. Lindenschmid and Fw H. Eisold were both killed.

Ju 87B of 5/StG2 shot down by 609 Squadron at 16.00 with the aircraft crashing into the Sea off Lulworth. Oberfw H. Leesch missing believed killed and Fw H. Schulz captured.

Ju 87B of 5/StG2 was shot down by 609 Squadron over the Channel at 16.00 with the aircraft crashing into the Sea. Fw E. Ott was killed and his body was washed ashore at Portland on 30 August and on the same day the body of his gunner, Uffz R. Gobel was washed ashore at St Malo.

Ju 87B of 5/StG2 was shot down by 609 Squadron over the Channel at 16.00 with the aircraft crashing near Grimstone Viaduct. Oberfw E. Haack and Uffz H. Haselmayer were both killed and buried at Brookwood Military Cemetery.

Bf 110C-4 of 1/ZG2 shot down by Sergeant L.N. Guy of 601 Squadron whilst it was escorting KG51 at 16.00 and crashed at North Baddesley, see image of wreckage below. Lt W. Munchmeyer baled out and captured on landing at Hursley Park but Uffz F. Labusch was killed.

Bf 110C of 3/ZG26 was shot down by Flying Officer P.S. Weaver of 56 Squadron at 16.05 whilst it was escorting ErpGr210 attacking Southend. The aircraft exploded over Warden Bay, Sheppey, Oberlt K. Fuchs and Uffz W. Ebben were both killed.

Monday 12th August 1940

A view of Portsmouth Harbour during an air raid on 12th August 1940.

Day attacks focused on the British early warning system of Radio Direction Finding stations at Dunkirk, Dover, Rye, Pevensey, Ventnor on the Isle of Wight. The Germans shelled Folkestone and Dover, oil bombs dropped on Ramsgate, bombing of Portsmouth and Kent. Luftwaffe also attacked RAF stations at Manston, Lympne and Hawkinge. At night, Tyne, Norfolk, Suffolk, Kent, Devonshire, Cornwall, Bristol Channel and South Wales were bombed until the morning of the next day. This resulted in 54 killed and 159 injured, about two thirds were civilians. The Luftwaffe lost 33 aircraft and 19 damaged during the day.

Bf 109E-1 of 1/JG26 was shot down by Flying Officer H.K.F. Matthews of 54 Squadron over Ashford and exploded over Standard Hill Farm in Elham at 08.30. Oberlt F. Butterweek was killed and buried in Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 109E-4 of 2/JG26 was shot down into the Sea close to Folkestone at 12.30 and Oberlt H.W. Regnauer was captured.

Bf 109E-1 14+ (3367) of 2/JG52 was shot down by Pilot Offier J.A.P. McClintock of 615 Squadron during combat over Hastings at 12.45. Aircraft force landed near Berwick railway crossing, East of Lewes. Uffz L. Zaunbrecher was captured and treated at the Princess Alice Hospital in Eastbourne.

Bf 109E-4 <-+ of III/JG54 was shot down by Flying Officer H.J. Woodward of 64 Squadron over Dover at 18.00. The aircraft force landed at Hengrove near Margate and Oberlt A. Dresze was captured.

He 111H-3 1G+AC of II/KG27 was shot down by either a night fighter or anti-aircraft gun fire whilst attacking Bristol Docks at 02.00. The aircraft crashed at Sturminster Marshall near Wimborne with Major F-K. Schlichting, Oberfw G. Lohning, Oberfw H. Frey, Maj H-J. Brehmer and Oberfw W. Bendrich all baled out and were captured.

Ju 88A 9K+AA of KG51 was shot down by a mixture of ground defences and Pilot Officers W. Beaumont, R.M. Hogg, Flight Lieutenant F.M. Thomas and Sergeant E.E. Shepperd of 152 Squadron at 12.25 whilst attacking Ventnor RDF station. The aircraft crashed at Godshill Park, Isle of Wight, Oberst Dr J.V. Fisser was killed, Lt F. Schad and Oberlt W. Luderitz were captured and Sonderfuhrer A. Nothelfer was also captured but badly burned.

Ju 88A-1 9K+CL of 3/KG51 was shot down whilst attacking Portsmouth at 13.00 with the aircraft crashing near Godstone. Uffz K. Zimmermann, Obergefr K-H. Fahrenheim and Obergefr O. Hansmann baled out and were captured, Gefr T. Dickel was killed and buried at Ann’s Hill Cemetery in Gosport.

Ju 88A-1 (3134) 9K+EL of 3/KG51 was shot down by whilst attacking Portsmouth and exploded over Thorney Island at 12.15 and the main wreckage landed in Horse Pasture Farm, Westbourne. Oberlt H. Graf, Oberfw H-G. Czepik and Uffz W. Floeter were all killed and buried together at St Nicholas Church in West Thorney. Gefr G. Fleischmann baled out and was captured.

Ju 88A-1 (5072) 9K+FS of 8/KG51 was shot down whilst bombing Portsmouth Docks at 12.10. Oberlt E. Wildermuth, Oberlt O. Stark and Uffz H. Droese were all captured but Uffz K. Rosch was missing believed killed.

Bf 110D/0 (3316) 3M+MK of 2/ZG2 shot down over Portsmouth and crashed into the Channel. Hptm H-P. Kulbel and Uffz F. Budig were both killed, the former’s body washed ashore at Wimereux near Boulogne and the latter’s body was washed ashore and buried at St Ann’s Hill Cemetary, Gosport.

Sunday 11th August 1940

Bf-109E

The Germans began probing heavy air attacks by both day and night. During the day there were Luftwaffe attacks on Dover’s balloon barrage and gasholder but then moved to Portland which resulted in the destruction of the signal box and railway lines, ending services to Weymouth. Portland’s oil tanks set on fire, electricity cut off to a wide area and 146 houses badly damaged. The RAF sent 8 squadrons to defend Portland which resuled in dog fights across Weymouth Bay and significant German losses. Night time bombing concentrated on York, South Wales, Bristol Channel, Newcastle, Tynemouth and Nottingham. This resulted in 2 civilian deaths, 6 injured, Luftwaffe lost 40 aircraft and 16 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 7A+KH of 1(F)/121 was shot down by Green Section of 41 Squadron comprising Flying Officer J.G. Boyle, Sergeant E.V. Darling and Pilot Officer R.W. Wallens at 19.08 whilst on a reconnaissance mission. The aircraft crashed at Newton Moor near Whitby, Fw O. Hofft, Oberlt H. Marzusch and Fw K-H. Hacker captured. Lt H. Meyer was killed and buried at Acklam Road Cemetery in Thornaby.

Bf 109E-1 of 2/JG3 shot down by Pilot Officer H.M. Stephen of 74 Squadron whilst escorting Stukas over Margate at 14.00. Fw H-H. Heise was killed and his body was washed ashore at Ramsgate and buried at St Lawrence Cemetery.

Ju 88A of 3/KG54 was shot down into the Sea off Portland by 87 and 213 Squadrons 10.50 whilst bombing Weymouth. Uffz W. Schrecker and Fw K. Stretz killed, Gefr H. Arnswald missing believed killed but Gefr F. Kleindl was rescued.
Ju 88A B3+CC of II/KG54 was shot down by Squadron Leader H.D. McGregor and Sergeant M.E. Croskell of 213 Squadron at 10.50 whilst bombing Portland Harbour. Uffz H. Klatte baled out and captured, Oberlt W. Schade baled out but drowned with is body washing ashore at Swanage, Fw H. Basse and Fw F. Bagus were missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 B3+DC of II/KG54 was shot down by Sub-Lieutenant D.M. Jeram and Flight Lieutenant J.M. Strickland of 213 Squadron whilst it was bombing installations in Portland Harbour. Aircraft crash landed at Blacknore Fort, Portland Head at 10.40 with Oberlt K. Welte, Oberfw K. Mier, Gefr W. Gehre and Flgr G. Kagerbauer were all captured.

Saturday 10th August 1940

Dornier Do 17 Z-2 5K+AR Light Bomber

Day: Shipping and overland reconnaissance
Night: Minelaying
Weather: Squally and thundery, some bright intervals. Channel cloudy

German activity was limited to shipping reconnaissance off the south and east coasts, eleven bombs from a Dornier 17 falling near West Malling, and a surprise raid being made on Norwich. Fighter Command searched for the elusive raiders in the course of 116 patrols but made no interceptions. There were no losses on either side, although some raiders had tried to find the Boulton Paul factory at Norwich and others flew over Odiham. Once again at nightFliegerdivision IX laid mines, extending its activities from Harwich and the Thames Estuary to the Bristol Channel. A raid was sent to the Rolls-Royce works at Crewe, but did not find the target.

Notes: –

Daylight raids by the Luftwaffe started with Maidstone and moved to Norwich in the evening. During the night and into the morning of the next day, South Wales, Cornwall and Devon were bombed resulting in 18 killed, 4 seriously injured and 20 slightly injured. Swansea bore the brunt of the bombing with 17 killed and 8 injured.

Friday 9th August 1940

Day: Quiet. Isolated raids and attacks on the east coast shipping
Night: Minelaying and attacks off east coast
Weather: Cloud and rain showers. Some bright intervals. Channel cloudy

The Luftwaffe Command staff were pre-occupied with the date for Adler Tag. After some discussion, and with Göring’s approval, preliminary orders were issued for the commencement of large-scale operations on the 10th. By nightfall, however, these had been cancelled and the action postponed pending the arrival of better weather. After the dog-fights off the Isle of Wight
the previous day, the 9th was quiet. One enemy aircraft reached Sunderland and dropped bombs on the shipyard, causing some damage. Scattered raids were made by Fliegerkorps X on east coast convoys, and two Me 109s attempted to destroy balloons of the Dover barrage without success. Over Plymouth a Ju 88 from 2./LGI was shot down, also an He 111 from 7./KG26 off the north-east coast.

During the day Fighter Command flew 409 sorties, many of them against ‘X’ or unidentified raids, which turned out to be mainly reconnaissance patrols. Three R.A.F. fighters were lost (and one at night); five German machines were destroyed. After dark minelaying continued in the same areas as the previous night. Bombers from the Continent hit targets in East Anglia and north of London while Luftflotte 5 attempted to interfere with east coast convoys.

Notes: –

Day light operations by the Luftwaffe concentrated on the bombing of Ilchester at 06.25 and Sunderland at 11.40. By night attacks were on Broadchalk and Wallasey in the early hours of the next day, leaflet dropping also took place over Oxfordshire.

He 111H-4 5J+SH of 1/KG4 crashed whilst on a mission to lay mines in Belfast Harbour, the wreckage was scattered on Eastmans Cairn, Cairnsmore-of-Fleet in Kirkudbrightshire at 01.30. Lt A. Zeiss, Uffz W. Hajesch, Uffz G. Fr Von Turckheim and Uffz W. Mechsner were all killed.

He 111H-3 1H+ER of 7/KG26 was shot down by Yellow Section of 79 Squadron comprising of Flight Lieutenant R.F.H. Clerke, Sergeant J. Wright and Pilot Officer G.H. Nelson-Edwards whilst on a reconnaissance mission at 11.52. The aircraft crashed into the sea off Whitburn and Uffz O. Denner, Fw W. Haertel, Uffz G. Karkos and Uffz F. Feinekat were rescued by the Royal Navy.

Thursday 8th August 1940

Convoy attack in progress

Day: Three major attacks on a Channel convoy.
Night: Small raids and minelaying.
Weather: Showers and bright intervals. Channel cloudy.

This day heralded a new phase in the Battle with a series of concerted attacks against the ‘Peewit’ convoy. Only 4 ships reached Swanage undamaged out of the original 20 ships, the Luftwaffe lost 29 aircraft and 19 damaged. Night bombing commenced at 22.47, with raids against Birmingham, leaflet dropping over Halstead and Barming, by 02.15 on the next day, 7 civilians had been killed and 13 injured.

Ju 87B of I/StG3 was shot down by 145 Squadron during an attack on the ‘Peewit’ convoy. The aircraft crashed South of the Isle of Wight, Oberlt M. Muller was rescued and put ashore at Portsmouth but the body of Uffz J. Kampfl was washed ashore at Veules les Roses in France.

Ju 87B of II/StG77 shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.H. Boyd of B Flight of 145 Squadron at 17.40 whilst attacking the ‘Peewit’ convoy. Hptm W. Plewig was rescued but Fw K. Schauer was missing believed killed.

Ju 87B (5600) S2+LM of II/StG77 was shot down by Flying Officer P.L. Parrott of 145 Squadron at 17.40 whilst attacking the ‘Peewit’ convoy. The aircraft landed at St Lawrence on the Isle of Wight with Uffz F. Pittroff captured but Uffz R. Schubert killed. See image of aircraft wreckage.

Wednesday 7th august 1940

Hurricanes of No. 56 Squadron take off from North Weald a patrol in July. Another aircraft from 56 stands at dispersal

Day: Convoy reconnaissances. Convoy off Cromer attacked
Night: Widespread raids from Thames Estuary to Aberdeen and from Poole, Dorset, to Land’s End and Liverpool
Weather: Mainly fair with cloud and thunderstorms in eastern districts. South-eastern districts cloudy. Winds variable

In the light of subsequent events it is not surprising that German operations were so light, and why they were largely confined during the daylight hours of August 7th to convoy reconnaissance. Preparations were being made for Adlerangriff. Fighter Command squadrons flew 393 sorties, destroying one hostile plane at no cost to themselves.

Bomber Command destroyed or damaged seven Me 109s in a raid on Haamsteede. Broadcasting to the German people on this day, General Sander hinted at the measures to be taken against Britain and indicated that the main weapon would be the bomber. The dawn of Adler Tag was near.

Notes: –

German attacks were confined to night time bombing which included Morpeth, York, Liverpool, Gloucester, Aylesbury, Cardiff, Poole, Templecombe, Exeter, Lands End and Clydeside. Mine laying in the Thames Estuary and the Firth of Forth and leaflet dropping on Salford. These attacks cost 1 civilian death and 11 injuries.

Tuesday 6th August 1940

Channel convoy being attacked.

Day: Little activity
Night: Minelaying off east and south-east coasts.
Weather: Generally cloudy with fairly strong winds. Cloud ceiling 3,000 to 5,000 feet.

Only seven hostile planes reached the English coast although there was some activity in the Channel against which Fighter Command flew 416 sorties. At the end of the day neither side had suffered any losses on operations.

Notes: –

German operations were limited and involved in a convoy attack off the coast of Norfolk, night time bombing of Denbighshire and Markinch, leaflet dropping over Bishopston and minelaying.

Monday 5th August 1940

Spitfire Mk1a 41 Sqn RAF

Day: Shipping in Straits attacked
Night: Minelaying between the Wash and the Tay
Weather: Temperatures high. Fine with slight haze in the Channel

In a sharp clash with Spitfires of No. 65 Squadron on patrol over the Straits of Dover a
Me 109 was damaged at 8 a.m. At 2 p.m. No. 41 Squadron with Spitfires and No. 151 Squadron with Hurricanes engaged between thirty and forty Germans hunting for shipping in the Channel. Because of the haze the interception was only partially successful, but a Me 109 went down in the fighting. Fighter Command flew 402 sorties. Six German planes were destroyed for two British machines.

Notes: –

During the day the Germans undertook attacks on convoys travelling through the English Channel which resulted in air battles around Dover. At night, Kent was bombed, Glamorgan in the early morning of the next day, minelaying along the East Coast and around Pembrokeshire.

Sunday 4th August 1940

Boulton Paul Defiant

Day: Reconnaissance along the south coast and Bristol Channel
Night: Little activity
Weather: Fine to fair early. Cloudy with bridge intervals at midday, clearing in the evening

Sunday, August 4th, gave Fighter Command a respite. A few reconnaissance sorties were
flown over the Channel and as far as the west of England, but otherwise the R.A.F. had little to contend with in the course of 261 sorties during which neither side scored.

Notes: –

German attacks started at 23.20 and finished at 00.50 the next day, which resulted in 1 killed and 12 injured.

Saturday 3rd August 1940

Heinkel He 111 bomber

Day: Mainly shipping reconnaissance in Channel
Night: South Wales, with some raids continuing to Liverpool, Crewe and Bradford area
Weather: Mainly dull with bright patches. Cloud base 4,000 feet. Visibility two to five miles

Hostile activity in the morning was largely confined to shipping reconnaissance. Five raids developed in the south-west, but activity was slight except for the occasional pack of
about a dozen aircraft over the Channel against which 415 sorties were flown by
Fighter Command at no cost to themselves. Four German planes were destroyed in the
twenty-four hours.

Minelayers were active again during the night and bombers from Luftflotte 5 attacked
the Orkneys and the Firth of Forth. In the south a dozen raids were flown on Harwich, and six each were reported from the Tyne and the Humber. At Gravesend a bomb put an Observer Corps post out of action and incendiaries in Essex set fire to some cornfields. One enterprising raider dropped a large bundle of leaflets to which was attached an explosive charge; the whole assembly fell in the right place – a sewage a sewage farm near Tonbridge!!!

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacks limited to night time bombing and leaflet droppings which resulted in 2 injuries.

Friday 2nd August 1940

Heinkel He 115 seaplane

Day: Shipping attacked in Channel and east coast
Night: South Wales and the midlands
Weather: Mainly fine in the north but cloudy in the east. Channel cloudy. Drizzle in Dover Straits.

After early-morning reconnaissance and weather sorties by German aircraft an east coast convoy was attacked and a trawler sunk. R.A.F. fighters intercepted several hostile raids in the course of 477 sorties but claimed no victories although four of the planes they damaged failed to reach home. No R.A.F. fighters were lost.

The steamship Highlander steamed into Leith harbour with an He115 on the deck!! (See notes)

Minelayers were active again during the night and eighty were plotted from the Orkneys to Dungeness, together with raids on the R.A.F. Technical College at Halton, the airfields of Catterick, Farnborough and Romford and the Forth Bridge.

Notes: –

German bombing during the day centred on Christchurch in Hampshire and coastal convoys. At night there was leaflet dropping and minelaying, 5 civilians were injured.

He 115C of 3/KG506 was attacking a convoy at low level off the East Coast of Scotland, in doing so hit the lifeboat davit of SS Highlander and crashed into the deck, the images illustrate this incident on the Ship and the wreckage transferred onto the land.

Thursday 1st August 1940

Pilots at rest at RAF Westhampnett (now Goodwood airfield and race circuit)

Day: East and south coast shipping attacked
Night: South Wales and midlands targets. Minelaying in Thames Estuary and north-east Scottish coast
Weather: Fair in most districts with Straits and Channel overcast. Low cloud dispersing during the day, temperature warmer

Shortly before 1 p.m. Church Fenton sector controllers were alerted to two plots approaching the east coast convoys ‘Agent’ and ‘Arena’. Nos. 616 and 607 Squadrons were scrambled and they intercepted a Do 17 and a Ju 88, but without definite results. Cloud base was down to 1,000 feet and this enabled the raiders to escape. In the south a 145 Squadron section
operating from Westhampnett, Sussex, intercepted two raids off Hastings and reported
shooting down a Hs 126 and damaging a Ju88, they lost a Hurricane and its pilot.
Simultaneously an attack was developing on Norwich, where a factory, a timber yard
and a goods yard were hit. Fire gutted the timber yard.

Minelayers were active again during the night and twelve raids were flown on targets as far apart as Bristol, Southend and Montrose. In addition to carrying high explosives and
incendiaries, planes raiding the West Country scattered Hitler’s ‘Last Appeal to Reason’, a
turgid document printed on green-and-yellow paper. The German air crews could scarcely
have chosen a less receptive readership, for the majority fell among the grazing cattle of
Hampshire and Somerset.

Fighter Command squadrons flew 659 sorties and destroyed five hostile aircraft for
the loss of one Hurricane. A sixth, shot down in the vicinity of Mablethorpe by a No. 12
Group plane, was later identified as a Battle belonging to No. 1 Group.

Notes: –

Hitler published his Directive 17 to attack Britain by air and sea ahead of an invasion, see image. The Luftwaffe during the day attacked Norwich through bombing and machine gunning of the train station which resulted in 6 killed and 54 injured. Convoys on the East Coast also attracted attention including ‘Agent’ and ‘Arena’. At night there was widespread activity of dropping leaflets of Hitler’s Reichstag speech and bombing which killed 1 and 6 injured at Pembroke Dock.

Wednesday 31st July 1940

Messerschmitt Me109E-4

Day: Widespread attacks on shipping in south, south East and south-west coastal waters, and the Dover balloon barrage
Night: South Wales and Thames raided
Weather: Fair all over the country with temperatures slightly above average. Channel and Straits hazy.

Thick haze made flying for both air forces difficult. German aircraft attacked convoys at 11a.m. At 12.50 p.m. the Luftwaffe was active with reconnaissance planes off the Lizard and between 1 and 4 p.m. and flew a number of isolated raids over the North Sea. At 5 p.m. fifteen Me 109s went for Dover, and although five squadrons were sent after them only No. 74 was able to engage.


Fighter Command flew only 365 sorties, shot down five enemy machines and lost three
themselves.

Throughout July the Germans probed and sparred with little achievement. They sank eighteen small steamers and four destroyers, and shot down 145 British fighters for the loss of 270 planes.

For the R.A.F. the planes lost were more than replaced by one week’s output from the
factories. Only the shortage of pilots, who now numbered 1,434, gave cause for concern.
So far as the system was concerned, July gave Fighter Command ample opportunity of
putting it to the test. Experience produced confidence, but the defences were not yet
fully tried in the face of a heavy onslaught.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe operations were largely of a reconnaissance nature but night bombing started at 23.30 and completed by 02.02 on 1 August, no deaths or injuries recorded.

Bomber Command destroyed a Ju 88A during a bombing attack on Aalborg airfield.


Tuesday 30th July 1940

Spitfire Mk1 603 Sqn

Day: Raids on convoys off Orfordness, Clacton and Harwich
Night: South Wales and midlands
Weather: Unsettled, with drizzle and low cloud

Flying was largely restricted by the weather, but by noon the Germans were hunting in the Channel and the North Sea. At 11 a.m. Ju 88s attacked a convoy without success. Drizzle
hampered R.A.F. efforts, but Fighter Command flew 688 sorties and shot down five German machines without loss. One of the raiders, a He 111, was destroyed by No. 603 Squadron south-east of Montrose.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacks were hampered by bad weather which resulted in machine gun attacks on civilians in Richmond Park and Balham. Bombing started at 22.12 and finished at 01.55 the next day which resulted in 1 injury.

Ju 88A F6+BK of 2(F)/122 suffered engine failure during a reconaissance of shipping on the East Coast and ditched into the Sea at 09.00 near Happisburgh, Norfolk. Lt H-J. Rabbow, Uffz J. Kehres, Uffz G. Lemm and Gefr R. Reimer took to their dinghy and were rescued by a British fishing boat on 3 August.

Ju88-A1 (4102) 5J+ER caught fire and exploded whilst crash landing at Great Barton near Bury St Edmunds at 00.15. Uffz W. Bohlke, Uffz F. Krause, Obergefr J. Berlage and Gefr B. Glaser were all killed and buried at Soldatenfriedhof at Cannock Chase.

Monday 29th July 1940

Heinkel He 59

Day: Convoy off Dover raided
Night: Activity on reduced scale over land
Weather: Fair all over Britain. Thames Estuary and Dover hazy

After weeks of deliberation over an He 59 Red Cross seaplane forced down on July 1st
off Hartlepool, the Air Ministry issued this communique:
‘Enemy aircraft bearing civil markings and marked with the Red Cross have recently flown
over British ships at sea and in the vicinity of the British coast, and that they are being employed for purposes which His Majesty’s Government cannot regard as being consistent with the privileges generally accorded to the Red Cross. His Majesty’s Government desire to accord to ambulance aircraft reasonable facilities for the transportation of the sick and wounded, in accordance with the Red Cross Convention, and aircraft engaged in the direct evacuation of the sick and wounded will be respected, provided that they comply with the relevant provision of the Convention.
His Majesty’s Government are unable, however, to grant immunity to such aircraft flying
over areas in which operations are in progress on land or at sea, or approaching British or Allied territory, or territory in British occupation, or British or Allied ships. Ambulance aircraft which do not comply with the above requirements will do so at their own risk and peril’.

The first indication of a raid showed on radar at 10.20 a.m. It was intended to surprise Dover. No. 11 Group controllers were quick off the mark, however, the thirty Stukas and fifty Me 109s being intercepted at levels from 5,000 to 15,000 feet before they could line up for an accurate bombing run. The fighting was fierce and it was made the more dangerous for the British pilots by the heavy anti-aircraft fire of the Dover gunners who, however, hit two Stukas. At 5 p.m. twenty raiders attacked near Harwich. Seventy-four fighters scrambled to intercept but only No. 151 Squadron engaged. The Germans lost six machines for a loss by the British of three. Sorties flown by the R.A.F. numbered 758.

Notes: –

Dover came under sustained attack from the Luftwaffe from 07.30 which was met with anti-aircraft gun fire and RAF fighters, the image shows smoke rising up from the Channel Port. The Germans also targeted a convoy off Harwich and Portland which resulted in HMS Delight being sunk by dive bombers.

He 111P G1+CS of 8/KG55 was attempting to bomb the Bristol Aircraft Factory at Filton but shot down by anti-aircraft fire and crashed at Fullers Lane, East Woodhay near Newbury at 02.00. Fw T. Metzner, Uffz K. Backer, Gefr H. Morgenthal, Gefr E. Ostheimer and Fw J. Markl all baled out and eventually captured.

Sunday 28th July 1940

Spitfire Mk1, 74 Sqn RAF

Day: Shipping attacked off Dover and south coast ports
Night: Minelaying from Thames Estuary to Humber, scattered raiders over England and Wales
Weather: Fine early. Fair for the rest of the day, clouding over in the evening

Luftwaffe activity was mainly confined to the Channel and east coasts. At 12 a.m. a large
raid set course for Dover, but it turned back when halfway across the Straits and dispersed.
At 2 p.m. more than 100 machines approached and were engaged by No. 11 Group in the Straits. there werer fifty fighters and fifty bombers in the formation No bombs were dropped. Four No. 11 Group squadrons involved in harassing the Germans – Nos. 74, 41, 257 and 111. They lost four Hurricanes.

Fighter Command flew 758 sorties and shot down fifteen. Five British planes were destroyed during the day. German minelaying aircraft were so active during the night that it was impossible to distinguish all the tracks in the operations room. Other raiders were plotted at Nottingham, Edinburgh, Perth, the Tyne, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Hungerford, Manchester, the
Mersey and Plymouth. Some bombs were dropped but with little effect.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe engaged on daylight reconnaissance across the whole of the UK with night time bombing starting at 21.50 and ended at 03.14 the next day, which resulted in 4 dead and 9 injured.

Ju 88A-1 (7036) 9K+HL of 3/KG51,taking off from Melun-Villaroche, was on a bombing mission to target Crewe but got lost and force landed at Buckholt Farm near Bexhill at 05.00. Lt W. Ruckdeschel, Oberfw J. Bier, Uffz H. Ohls and Uffz M. Multhammer were all captured. As the image shows the aircraft was undamaged and became part of the Enemy Aircraft Flight at Duxford as AX919.

Ju 88A-1 (7036) 9K+HL, part of the Enemy Aircraft Flight at Duxford as AX919

Saturday 27th July 1940

HMS Wren

Day: Raids on shipping and naval units in Dover harbour and Straits
Night: Attacks on south-west England
Weather: Fair Straits, cloudy in Channel. Slight rain in the midlands and the North Sea

Richthofen’s Fliegerkorps started operations at 9.45 a.m. with an attack on a convoy off
Swanage. Simultaneously two convoys off the estuary and Harwich were bombed. The
destroyer H.M.S. Wren was sunk. In two attacks on Dover four high-explosive bombs dropped on the harbour and five fell on the barracks. In the second attack the destroyer Codrington was hit. A second destroyer was sunk off the east coast and another was damaged, with the result that the Admiralty applied the policy of withdrawing the target. Dover was abandoned as an advanced base for anti-invasion destroyers which relieved Fighter Command of the burden of protecting them. This meant, however, that the defence of the Straits now depended more than ever on the R.A.F. One of the Dover attacks was carried out by six Me 109Es carrying bombs on centre-racks. This was the first report of 109s being used in this role. German attacks on Dover were becoming so serious that the Air Ministry issued special instructions to Fighter Command to engage them approaching the port with superior forces whenever possible. To secure this concentration in the south-east meant increasing the number of squadrons to twenty eight and making more use of Hawkinge and Manston.

Accidents were putting a strain on the repair organisation. To reduce them Dowding ordered the posting of two flying disciplinary flight lieutenants to each station to keep an eye on aircraft handling. At the same time he ordered that pilots were not only to take physical exercise, but to take at least eight hours off a day and twenty-four hours’ leave a week. Early that afternoon Belfast was raided and at about 6 p.m. planes were reported near Wick and Plymouth. The weather deteriorated to such an extent in the south East of England, however, that those fighters protecting the convoy Agent’ had to be recalled. Nine Thames barrage balloons were
struck by lightning. During the night several raids were flown over the Bristol Channel and there was some minelaying between Portland and the Lizard, and along the east coast. By midnight British fighters had flown 496 sorties and destroyed four raiders at a cost of one fighter.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacks concentrated on Dover at 14.35, 17.55 and 18.47, which resulted in the loss of two escort destroyers and withdrawal of the Dover Flotilla whilst protecting the ‘Bacon’ convoy.

Friday 26th July 1940

He 111 H-4

Day: Shipping off south coast attacked
Night: Minelaying in Thames Estuary and off Norfolk coast and Bristol area
Weather: Heavy cloud with rain and poor visibility

Fliegerkorps VIII took the initiative with attacks on shipping near the Isle of Wight. Two of the convoy raiders were shot down near Portland in the course of 581 sorties by British fighter planes. Two British planes were destroyed. The motor lifeboats Rosa Wood and Phyllis Lunn went out after survivors of three steamers sunk in the Channel. The pattern of German flying during the night pointed to mine-laying in the Thames Estuary, Norfolk and the Bristol Channel.

Notes: –

The Luftwaffe bombing was conducted during both the day and night concentrating North East London, Weymouth, Bristol and East Coast of Scotland which resulted in 2 killed and 17 injuries.

He 111H-4 5J+AH of 1/KG4 shot down at 00.55 whilst engaged in minelaying over the Bristol Channel by Pilot Officer J.R. Cock of 87 Squadron. The aircraft crashed at Longfield Farm, Smeatharpe, Oberfw H. Kessler, Uffz W. Sommer, Uffz G. Hahnel and Uffz H. Grabke were all killed. Uffz G. Strickstrock baled out and landed at Middle Luxton Farm and captured.

Thursday 25th July 1940

HMS Boreas (H77)

Day: Convoys and shipping in the Channel raided
Night: Minelaying in Firth of Forth and Thames Estuary Reconnaissance over Bristol and Channel area
Weather: Fine day with haze in the Straits of Dover Winds north-westerly and light

The Luftwaffe concentrated again on shipping and in one attack sank five small vessels and damaged another five in the same convoy. The bombers numbered about sixty and they co-ordinated their efforts with nine E.boats which were engaged by the British destroyers Boreas and Brilliant. The two destroyers were dive-bombed and one had to be towed into Dover. Because the Germans were operating from bases close to their objectives, they were much better placed than the defending squadrons to concentrate their planes above any target, for the British fighters had to rely on continuous patrols in small numbers to find the enemy before calling for reinforcements. These patrols invariably attacked on their own without waiting for help which took some time to arrive.

Fighter Command squadrons flew 641 sorties on the 25th, and destroyed sixteen raiders and lost seven fighters. A curious claim in German records was for a French Breguet 690!

During the night of July 25th-26th mines were laid along the south and east coasts. One raid penetrated to the Forth Bridge and some bombs were dropped in raids on Northern Scotland.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacks started at 12.20 and finished by 23.45, which concentrated on convoys, resulting in 1 person injured. Stukas were deployed with considerable fighter cover against ships in convoys travelling through the Dover Straits.

He 111H-3 T5+AL of Wettererkundungsstaffel was shot down by Flying Officer D.A.E. Jones and Pilot Officer J. Lonsdale of 3 Squadron at 08.30. The aircraft crashed into the Sea near Pentland Firth, Gefr P. Muller’s body was recovered from the Sea on 1 August 1940 and buried at Kirkwall in the Orkneys. Uffz A. Bauch, Uffz R. Freitag and Uffz E. Loch were missing believed killed. Reg Rat E. Franken was rescued by the Royal Navy off Rora Head.

Bf 109E 6+1 of 8/JG52 was shot down at 18.40 at Elvington Court near Deal and Uffz M. Reiss was captured.

Ju88A 9K+GN of 5/KG51 collided with a Miles Master of 5 FTS at 14.25 and crashed at Lower Weir Farm, Oakridge Lynch near Chalfont, see image. The bomber had been briefed to attack the Gloster Factory at Hucclecot. Sergeant G.H. Bell was on approach to South Cerney aerodrome. Uffz F. Dorner, Uffz W. Hugelschafer and Gefr G. Treue baled out and were captured. Uffz W. Theiner also baled out but his parachute didn’t open and died.

Do 17M A5+EA of Stab StG 1 was shot down by 152 Squadron comprising of Flight Lieutenant E.C. Deanesley, Pilot Officers R.M. Hogg, F.H. Holmes and Sergeant R. Wolton at 11.15 whilst engaged on a photo-reconnaissance mission. The aircraft crashed at East Fleet Farm near Fleet with Fw B. Erdmann and Fw E. Grossmann were captured but Uffz K. Lingenbrink was killed.

Wednesday 24th July 1940

Brooklands

Day: Convoys and shipping in the channel attacked
Night: Nil
Weather: Channel and Straits of Dover cloudy. Coastal and hill fog in western districts spreading east. Rain in most districts

A sudden break in the weather brought a co-ordinated attack by two bomber formations heavily escorted by fighters – the first against a convoy steaming into the Thames Estuary, and the other against one off Dover. It was 8.15 a.m. when No. 54 Squadron scrambled from Rochford. They climbed to 20,000 feet and were just about to intercept the first raid when Deere, leading
Red Section, was warned of the second This formation [he said], the largest I had seen up to that time, consisted of about 18 Dorniers protected by a considerable number of escort fighters weaving and criss-crossing above and behind the bombers. I reported the unpleasant facts to control and requested immediate assistance Heavily outnumbered, the squadron split half taking on one raid, the other half taking on the next. In the fierce fighting one pilot was killed.

There were several more engagements that day and at the end of it eight German and three British aircraft were destroyed. Fighter Command flew 561 sorties. Among the targets attacked in Britain that day was Brooklands. A Ju 88 circled it for seven minutes, and then, after lowering its undercarriage, followed several friendly machines going in to land. The moment it was over the airfield buildings it dropped twelve bombs and flew off. Despite the ruse, there was surprisingly little damage. While only five French pilots took part in the Battle of Britain the Free French Air Force was beginning to appear at St. Athan, Wales. There, a number of French pilots were given clearance to keep in practice with the aircraft in which they had escaped from France, subject to British markings being carried and the planes being painted yellow underneath. The aircraft were two Potez 63, three Dewoitine D 520s, three Caudron Simoun, a Caudron 440 and a Farman F222.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacks concentrated on convoys, Weybridge/Walton-on-Thames and Hillington Estate in Glasgow between 15.15 and 18.20, resulting in 4 injuries.

Bf 109E-1 (6296) <I+I of Stab III/JG26 was shot down at 13.00 and force landed at Northdown near Margate. Oberlt W. Bartels captured but seriously wounded.

Bf 109E-4 of 8/JG26 shot down at 13.05 and the aircraft crashed into Byron Avenue, Margate, see image. Lt J. Schauff bailed out but his parachute didn’t open and died, buried in Manston Road Cemetery in Margate.

Fw 200C F8+BH of 1/KG40 crashed into the Sea, North East of Belfast at 03.40. The aircraft was engaged in minelaying in Belfast Lough but engine failure brought them down. Hptm V. Zenker, Uffz H.O. Hocker and Gefr L. Hohmann were rescued but Fw W. Andreas and Uffz R. Wagner were both missing believed killed.

Ju 88A L1+DL was shot down by Red Section of 92 Squadron comprising of Flight Lieutenants C.B.F. Kingcombe, J.A. Paterson, Pilot Officer J.S. Bryson and Pilot Officer of R.P. Beaumont of 87 Squadron at 07.40. The aircraft crashed in flames on Martinhoe Common, Lynton. Hptmn D. Von Maltitz, Fw G. Pliefke and Fw P. Weilmaier were all captured but Fw W. Wachholz was killed when he bailed out too low.

Tuesday 23rd July 1940

RAF Pulham

Day: East coast shipping raided.
Night: Minelaying from Dover to the Tyne and Forth Estuary
Weather: Slight haze in Straits of Dover. Cloudy with occasional rain in other districts.

With prospects of a hard fight ahead, a new situation had arisen as a result of the abolition
of the western approaches and the transfer ofthe country’s main trade artery to the North
Channel. The result of this (Dowding said in a letter to the Chief of the Air Staff) was
that convoys would be navigating around the entire coast of Great Britain. During the winter months, when it would only be necessary to protect convoys on the east coast, the resources of Fighter Command would be strained to the limit in providing standing patrols, even at section strength for these convoys. At that time, attacks were made by one or two bombers at the most and a section was an ample escort.

It was the policy for the Germans to attack convoys with strong formations of bombers escorted by fighters whenever possible. Defensive measures had to be on a much larger scale if they were not to have sections frequently overwhelmed by sudden attacks in greatly superior numbers. Bearing in mind the fact that enemy bombers were active almost every night and
that units were detailed in every sector for night flying, it appeared that three squadrons per sector were about the minimum requirement to safeguard the passage of convoys off the east coast of England, and that this number would be inadequate north of the Tay and west of the Isle of Wight.Dowding had about twenty sectors, not counting Northolt, Sumburgh and Coltishall (the latter because he was already counting the sectors behind); and on this basis he
should have had about sixty squadrons to cover the coast from the Orkneys to the north shore of the Bristol Channel.

He had now to expand from St. David’s Head to Greenock besides meeting a possible demand for five squadrons in Ireland. In addition to the above, he could not afford to distribute his squadrons evenly along the front but had to keep some extra strength in the neighbourhood of London to guard against the possibility of invasion in East Anglia or Kent. It became obvious, then, that the creation of new squadrons should be pressed on with as rapidly as possible to guard against the possibility of invasion.

The Admiralty, said Dowding, had to co-operate with him if any but casual protection was to be afforded to the convoys. They had to start their journeys at definite times and channels had to be swept as close as possible to the coast-lines. Since it was impossible for some time to be
strong everywhere he would have to consider some form of additional mobility within groups so that a sector opposite whose front a convoy was travelling at any time might be temporarily strengthened for the occasion.


German activity during this day was reduced. Concentration being centered on shipping off the east coast. Fighter Command flew 470 sorties and destroyed three enemy machines at no cost to itself.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe attacked three main areas of Britain, Kent and Sussex between 08.38 and 09.55, Norfolk and particularly RAF Pulham which received a severe attack at 16.48 and Scotland between 00.00 and 02.00.

Monday 22nd July 1940

804 NAS Gladiator

Day: Shipping off the south coast attacked.

Night: Minelaying the whole length of eastern seaboard.

Weather: Straits fair; Channel cloudy. Light westerly winds in both. Bright intervals between showers in the East.

Although British fighters flew 611 sorties, hostile aircraft were elusive and in the course
of the day only one was shot down, the score was even. At Wick, Sea Gladiators of No. 804 Squadron Fleet Air Arm flew their first Battle of Britain sortie under the control of No. 13 Group.

Notes: –

German bombing commenced at 09.27 at Banff on a German Prisoner of War Camp which resulted in 6 Germans being killed and 1 British guard, 18 Germans and 18 British troops were injured. The Luftwaffe raids finished at 04.27 on 23 July with the bombing of Swansea.

Do 17P (3598) 7A+DM of 4(F)/121 was shot down by Blue Section of 145 Squadron comprising Flight Lieutenant A.H. Boyd, Flying Officer P.W. Dunning-White and Pilot Officer A.N.C. Weir at 07.40, South of Selsey. Lt E. Reichardt and Fw R. Rowe were both missing believed killed, Lt G. Bormann was rescued by a British MTB.

Sunday 21st July 1940

Hawker Hector

Day: Raids on Convoys in Channel and Straits of Dover
Night: Targets chiefly at Merseyside.
Weather: Fine and fair early, clouding over during the morning. Fair in the evening.

The morning of the 21st followed the usual pattern until after 9 a.m. when three British
squadrons intercepted twenty German planes over the convoy ‘Peewit’. An Me 109 was
shot down. Later a Hawker Hector biplane was shot down by a Me 110 which, in turn, was
destroyed by No. 238 Squadron. Fighter Command sorties numbered 571, and their losses six. German losses totalled seven.

Control rooms were largely dependent on the W.A.A.F. In the heat of battle they were
100 brave and their services were invaluable. When the fighting began to get tough and
the language of the pilots started to match it, senior officers tried moving the girls beyond earshot of the control room loud-speakers. It was not idle swearing, however, but the
voices of men fighting for their lives. The girls refused to leave their jobs and said they did
not mind the language as much as the men thought.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe bombing started at 23.30 and finished at 01.54 the next day, attacks resulted in 1 killed and 8 injured. German activity included reconnaissance of industrial targets in South West England and South Wales.

Bf 110C (2177) 5F+CM of 4(F)/14 shot down by Red Section of 238 Squadron compromising Flight Lieutenant D.E. Turner, Flying Officer C.T. Davis and Pilot Officer J.S. Wigglesworth at 10.25. The aircraft crash landed at Goodwood Home Farm near Chichester. Oberlt F-K. Runde and Fw W. Baden were both captured.

Do 17M 5F+OM of 4F/14 was shot down by A Flight of 238 Squadron at 15.00. The aircraft landed in flames at Nutford Farm near Blandford, see image. Obertlt G. Thiel, Fw F. Bohnen and Uffz A. Werner were all captured.

Saturday 20th July 1940

Day: Convoys and shipping at Dover attacked

Night: Widespread minelaying from the Needles, Isle of Wight, to Land’s End; Bristol Channel and eastern coastal waters


Weather: Occasional thunderstorms. Straits of Dover cloudy clearing to bright intervals

There was now so much activity around Dover that it was beginning to get the nickname ‘Hellfire Corner’. In the afternoon a convoy appeared off Dover guarded by two sections of No. 32 Squadron Hurricanes taking turns at escort duty. At 5.40 p.m. it was attacked by Stukas
escorted by Me 109s. Two Hurricanes were lost and two damaged. An hour later forty-eight Messerschmitts clashed with about forty Hurricanes and Spitfires. There was again a lively engagement. In operations round Britain the R.A.F. lost three and the Germans nine. The Luftwaffe losses included five Me 109s, a Ju 88, and a Do 17. The following was the strength of the Luftwaffe on July 20th:

LUFTFLOTTEN 2 AND 3

Available Bombers 1131
Dive-bombers 316
Single-engine fighters 809
Twin-engine fighters 246
Long-range reconnaissance 67

LUFTFLOTTE 5

Bombers 129
Single-engine fighters 84
Twin-engine fighters 34
Long-range reconnaissance 67

KG 40 of Luftflotten 2 and 3 is not included but of its eleven planes only two
were serviceable for mine-laying. KGr. 100 with twelve serviceable aircraft out of forty-
two is also not included. Though subordinated to Luftflotte 2 it had moved out of the area.

Notes: –

Luftwaffe bombing commenced at 13.33 at Dover and continued throughout the afternoon and focused on the ”Bosom’ convoy as it went through the Straits of Dover. The Luftwaffe lost 12 aircraft and 6 damaged, including 2 He 59s of the Seenotflug-kommando. The bombing concluded in Bristol at 03.16 on the following day, all attacks cost 7 civilian deaths and 12 injured.

Ju 88A-1 F6+BM of 4(F)/122 was shot down by Blue Section of 56 Squadron comprising Flight Lieutenant E.J. Gracie, Flying Officer P.S. Weaver and Pilot Officer A.G. Page at 05.50 whilst conducting a photo-reconnaissance mission. The aircraft crashed at Cockett Wick Farm, St Osyth, Oberfw H-E. Prolsz, Uffz T. Hermsen, Obergefr W. Plock and Flgr R. Von Hase were all captured.

Friday 19th July 1940

Day: Dover raided. Defiant squadron largely destroyed

Night: Some activity between Isle of Wight and
Plymouth, Thames Estuary and Harwich

Weather: Showery with bright intervals in most cases,
Channel winds light – fair

No. 141 Squadron, newly arrived from Edinburgh with their Defiant two-seater turret-
fighters took off from Hawkinge on their first patrol at 12.32. They were assigned to a
height of 5,000 feet on a line south of Folkestone. The nine Defiants had not long been
airborne when they were attacked by twenty Me 109s diving out of the sun. Within
minutes five Defiants had gone into the Channel, a sixth crashed at Dover. The
remaining three would have shared the same fate but for the timely intervention of No. 111
Squadron with Hurricanes. The Germans claimed twelve Defiants shot down. They lost one Me 109 in the engagement. The remains of No. 141 were removed to Prestwick, in Ayrshire, where they could still do good work against unescorted bombers.

The other Defiant squadron, No. 264, moved temporarily to Kirton-in-Lindsey and then to
Ringway for the defence of Manchester. Inexplicably, No. 264 was later sent to the
Hornchurch sector and for a few days was in the thick of the day fighting.
Radar warned of a big gathering of aircraft over Calais at 4 p.m. on the 19th. Dover was
their objective, and Nos. 64, 32 and 74 squadrons were scrambled to intercept. Out-
numbered nearly two to one, the thirty-five British fighters did not score.
Fighter Command was more heavily committed than ever before; 701 sorties were
flown. Total losses for the day were eight machines. The Germans lost two, a reconnaissance Do 17 and a He 111 bomber – the ratio of victories contributing to German confidence as Hitler made his ‘last appeal to reason’ speech at the Reichstag.

German bombing began at 06.06 at Norwich and 03.14 the following day at Peterhead which resulted in 4 dead and 78 injured. Fierce air battles near Dover resulted in the decimation of 141 Squadron’s Boulton Paul Defiants. The Luftwaffe lost 5 aircraft and a further 5 damaged during operations over Kent, Cornwall, South Wales, Glasgow and Plymouth.

Fw 200C F8+EH of 1/KG40 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a minelaying sortie between Hartlepool and Sunderland at 23.55. Fw H. Kulken and Fw K. Nicolai were both captured, Fw W. Meyer’s body was washed ashore and buried at Driffield, Hptmn R. Stesszyn, Gefr S. Zaunig and Gefr J. Perl were missing believed killed.

Thursday 18th July 1940

Day: Shipping off south and east coasts attacked


Night: Very little activity


Weather: Occasional rain in southern districts. Straits of
Dover cloudy. Cool.

Sporadic raids against the Channel ports (1) and shipping kept Fighter Command busy. Only
one major dog-fight developed – off Deal, where fifteen Spitfires engaged twenty-eight
Me 109. Three British fighters were destroyed in the course of the day, but two Ju 88s, one
Do 17 and a Me 109 were lost to the Germans. Between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. the coast guard
station at St Margaret’s Bay was bombed and the Goodwin lightship sunk.

In the north No. 232 Hurricane Squadron stationed at Wick detached a flight to Sum-
burgh in the Shetlands to replace No. 247 Squadron Gladiators sent to Plymouth.

(1) Luftwaffe bombing started at 11.46 in Newport and finished at Norwich by 06.00 the following morning. This resulted in 7 deaths, 33 injuries, water main and houses damaged in Penarth and the Norwich Civil Aero Clubhouse was burnt out.

Wednesday July 17th 1940

Day: Search for shipping off the Scottish and East coasts

Night: Targets attacked in the South west (1) and minelaying

Weather: Dull with occasional rain

Early recon was impeded by the weather, but it cleared sufficently later for ops against shipping to begin.

The scale of ops today was small, Fighter command only flying 253 sorties, during which one fighter was lost and a JU88 and He111 shot down.

By nightfall Fliegerdivision IX minelayers were flying to the Thames estuary, Cardiff, and Swansea.

In Germany the Army high command allocated the forces for Sealowe and ordered thirteen picked divisions to embarkation points on the Channel coast for the first wave of invasion.

General Von Brauchitsch told Admiral Reader the whole operation would be relatively easy and over in a month…..

(1) Bombing commenced in Banstead at 11.55 and concluded in Bristol at 02.00 the next day. This resulted in 7 dead and 28 injured.

Tuesday July 16th 1940

Day: Very little activity

Night: Minelaying off theNorth East coast

Weather: Fog in Northern France, the straights, and South East England

In his ‘Directive no.16’ Hitler said of the Invasion:

“The landing operation must be a surprise crossing on a broad front”

As with all his plans, the Fuhrer chose to ignor the obvious – that a clandestine crossing of the Channel was impossible… OR, did his statement reflect Gorings conviction that the RAF would be destroyed before the invasion fleet set sail?

Later on the 16th the weather cleared sufficiently for the Luftwaffe to release a few aircraft. Again, they went for shipping, and again the RAF attempted to beat them off. It was not until 1600 that the first successful interception took place – twenty five miles off of Fraserburgh, Scotland, where an He111 of III/KG26 was shot down (1).

Two hours later 601 Sqn from Tangmere destroyed a JU88, the German aircraft crashing into the Solent (2).

Fighter comman flew 313 sorties on this day and lost two aircraft. The Luftwaffe losses totalled five.

(1) He 111H-3 1H+KT of 9/KG26 was shot down East of Fraserburgh at 16.12 by Red Section of 603 Squadron comprising of Flying Officer I.S. Ritchie, Pilot Officers J.S. Morton and D. Stewart-Clark. Oberlt G. Lorenz, Uffz H. Beer were rescued by RAF launch, Uffz K. Liedtke and Gefr Heinbach were both missing believed killed.

(2) Ju 88A B3+GP of 6/KG54 shot down over the Isle of Wight at 16.00 by Blue Section of 601 Squadron made up of Flying Officers W.H. Rhodes-Moorhouse, T.E. Hubbard and Pilot Officer T. Grier. Fw R. Fortmann and Gefr H. Augustin were both captured but Obergefr H. Vetter and Gefr O. Marb were both killed.

Monday July 15th 1940

Day: Shipping attacked off Norfolk coast and the Channel

Night: Minelaying

Weather: Low cloud

Each day German recon planes would fly at least two patrols, but the use to which the information was put leads to the conclusion that the Germans had to much faith in their intelligence efficiency. Had they fully reconed the arfields, aircraft factories, and other vital targets in Britian in July and August they would have been able to concentrate more of their attacks on important objectives instead of wasting time on training stations like Detling.

Luftwaffe activity on this monday morning was devoted entirely to recon. Alerted to some intense shipping movements in the Channel, II Fliegerkorps decided to brave teh low cloud and heavy rain, and sent 15 Do17’s of KG2 into action.

The 17’s reached the convoy ‘Pilot’ at 14:13, but their attacks were thwarted by Hurricanes of 56 and 151 Sqns, but neither side lost any aircraft during the engagements.

Whilst KG2 were busy in the Channel, Luftflotte 3 despatched a small force of bombers to attack the Westland aircraft works at Yeovil, Somerset, and other targets in the West of England and Wales. A hangar and the runway at Yeovil were slightly damaged, and bombs also fell on the railway at Avonmouth, and the airfield at St Athan, Wales.

The RAF flew 449 sorties with the loss of one Hurricane of 213 Sqn.

P/O Holland of 92 Sqn attacked a JU88 and used all his ammunition trying to shoot it down. All he would claim after landing at Pembury was a probable, but II/LG1 did lose an 88 in that area.

The Luftwaffe lost three machines on this day, including an He111 of 2./KG26 off the Scottish coast.

Sunday July 14th 1940

Day: Shipping attacks off Dover and Swanage

Night: Bristol area, Isle of Wight, Kent, and Suffolk raided

Weather: Fair all day

German forces attacked the airfield at Ramsgate and a convoy off Dover. To the West, a destroyer off Swanage was ineffectually bombed, and during the afternoon an attack was directed against the convoy ‘Bread’. The Germans inflicted some damage on the convoy, which was guarded by a No.11 group patrol.

Fighter command tried to counter every incursion and flew 593 sorties in the attempt. Four Hurricanes were lost in a fight off Deal, while German losses totalled two.

Two days had now elapsed since the He59 sea plane had been forced down and beached near Deal. The Government decided that they could not recognise the right of the 59’s to bear the red cross, since it was probable that the planes were being used to report movements of British convoys. On the 14th British pilots were instructed to shoot them down on sight…

Saturday July 13th 1940

Day: Shipping attacks off Dover and Portland

Night: Mine laying in the Thames estuary

Weather: Early morning fog in Southern England clearing by mid-morning

Before the battle, Park and Brand expressed the view that once the Germans began their offensive it would be as much asthey could do to provide enough planes to guard the convoys. The first three days confirmed ther fears…

Dowding resisted the temptation to strengthen the South East sectors at the expense of others, foreseeing that to do so would invite a flank attackhe would be ill prepared to meet. Such changes as he did make were designed chiefly to strengthen the West country and No.11 groups right flank rather than the more obviously threatened centre. Thus he moved 152 Sqn with Spitfires from Acklington, Northumberland to Middle Wallop, Hants on July 12th. He also moved a flight of 247 Sqn Gladiators from Sumburgh in the Shetlands to Roborough, Devon on the 18th July. Roborough, a small grass strip on the outskirts of Plymouth, was to small for Spitfires and Hurricanes, but was no problem for the Biplane Gladiators whose main task was the defence of Plymouth.

Park and Brand therefore had to make do with what they had – Park with seven Spitfire, thirteen Hurricane, and three Blenheim squadrons. Brand with two Spitfire and two Hurricane squdrons, and a flight of Gladiators directed from 10 group’s new HQ at Rudloe Manor, Box, Wilts which was inaugurated on this day.

German generals had by now reached Berchtesgaden to confer with Hitler who was still baffled by the British. General Halder wrote in his diary: “The fuhrer is obsessed with the question why England does not want to take the road to peace”. Hitler, he said, was reluctant to smash Britain because it would lead to the disintegration of the Empire which would benefit America, Japan, and other countries at the cost of German blood.

That evening Hitler wrote to Mussolini, declining Duce’s offer to send Italian troops and aircraft for the invasion of Britain.

Pressure on the two groups was much reduced on the 13th owing to the deteriation in weather. German bombers were, however, out after shipping,and two convoys were attacked off Harwich. There were two engagements today off Dover in which the Germans claimed two Spitfires and six Hurricanes and admitted a loss of five. In actual fact, one British fighter was destroyed whilst the Germans lost seven aircraft including a FW200 of I/KG40.

At this time pilots reported being fired on by ‘old and dirty’ Hurricanes which bore no roundels or lettering and had two blade wooden airscrews. no official records exist, but it is possible that the Luftwaffe used one or two Belgium Hurricanes repaired after the fighting in May.